Access In Norfolk

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  • 1. Access to services in NorfolkFinal Report v1.1
  • 2. About the Evidencing Rural Need resource 2About the Evidencing Rural Need resourceEvidencing Rural Need AcknowledgementsEvidencing Rural Need is a new resource that shows the real picture of socio- For their valuable help with the Evidencing Rural Need project, ACRE wouldeconomic issues across rural areas of England, and will enable organisations like to thank the members of the steering group:to influence decisions about policies and services more effectively. Building on • Julie Bowers (Rural Action East Midlands)the pioneering work with the Rural Community Action Network, ACRE • Jon Clemo (Norfolk RCC)commissioned Oxford Consultants for Social Inclusion (OCSI) to further • Peter Harding (Community Council of Devon)develop a set of the reports for all rural areas across England. • Michael Hunt (Community Impact Bucks)Evidencing Rural Need comprises a series of reports, prepared for a range of • Simon Kiley (Action in Rural Sussex)geographies, initially highlighting the incidence of deprivation in rural • Richard Quallington (Community First)communities throughout England but now including the rural economy and • Roger Roberts (Action with Communities in Cumbria)access to services. Although there is a great deal of data available for villages, • Jean Roberts-Jones (Surrey Community Action)hamlets and smaller towns, this information has not been brought together so • Linda Watson (Oxfordshire RCC)succinctly in a single resource for all settlements in rural England. • Stephen Wright (South West ACRE Network)The reports are available through RCAN members but the full range and ACRE would also like to thank DEFRA for their support and provision ofbackground information can be viewed at www.rural-evidence.org.uk. Ordnance Survey data and licensing, OS license number 100022861. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011. This report, or any part thereof, may be reproduced in any format or medium, provided that is reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context. The source of the material must be identified and the title of the publication specified with the copyright status acknowledged. Oxford Consultants for Social Inclusion (OCSI) Address 15-17 Middle St, Brighton, BN1 1AL Tel: +44 1273 201 345 Email: info@ocsi.co.uk Web: www.ocsi.co.uk Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 3. Introduction 31 IntroductionBackgroundThe Coalition government has emphasised the importance of greater localinfluence on services and decisions1 . Although it is not yet clear how (and atwhat level) this influence will operate in practice, robust evidence can helppartners demonstrate the importance of rural issues to local authorities, localenterprise partnerships and other service commissioners operating in a climateof scarce resources.What does this access to rural services profile contain? • Section 2 explores distance to services in rural Norfolk, including key themes such as health and education. • Section 3 looks at travel times to key services by walking and public transport, highlighting hotspots with the greatest travel times to key services. • Section 4 highlights rural areas with high proportions of households lacking access to private transport (cars or vans). Breakdowns of car ownership for key equalities groups is also included. • Appendix A lists the data sources and indicators used in the report (including details of the methodology). • Appendix B outlines the different geographies for which data is available. • Appendix C is a “help” resource, showing how to read the tables and charts in the report.1 For example, see the 2011 Localism Bill. Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 4. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 42 Distance to services in rural NorfolkGood access to services is a major factor in quality of life for people and including lone parents, older groups, people whose mobility is limited or forcommunities. People are at risk from social exclusion where necessary those who live in areas where public transportation is poor.services such as food shops and post offices are not easily accessible. This isespecially likely to present difficulties for people whose mobility is limited, are The local pictureunable to drive, or in areas where public transportation is poor. This section aims to quantify access to services issues in Norfolk by:Access to services remains a key policy measure for rural areas. Researchhas indicated that, whereas a lack of transport can contribute to social • Comparing distance to services across rural Norfolk and other rural areasexclusion in urban areas, in rural areas a lack of transport can be the cause of • Identifying hotspots and rural settlements that are the greatest distancessocial exclusion2. from key services, to highlight the most “geographically remote” areas across NorfolkThe national context See the dataset box below and Appendix A for details of the dataAt national level there has been a continuing fall in the number of service Commission for Rural Communities: Rural Services Data Seriesoutlets in rural areas. This in turn has reduced the overall levels of services Service availability and accessibility has been a key rural policy issue for manyaccessible to people living in rural areas. The Commission for Rural years. In order to monitor changing levels of service availability, these datasetsCommunities has identified appreciable falls in the number of NHS dentists, combine information on service localities, together with postcode levelbanks and building societies, job centres and petrol stations in rural areas in information on the distribution of households, to calculate numbers ofrecent years 3. The reduction in access to financial institutions has been households within distance of key service indicators. “Crow flies” distance fromacutely felt, and there are now an estimated 233,000 people in non-urban households to various services is presented as the proportion of householdsareas with no bank, post office, or cash-point nearby4. living within specified distances (2km bands) of these services. This data isThe lack of access to suitable employment opportunities, education and developed at Output Area level (areas covering 150 to 300 people) andtraining, advice provision, business support and other key services is likely to therefore enables finer grained analysis of individual pockets and smallcontribute towards poor outcomes for those most at risk of experiencing settlements. This dataset was collected for 2009 so provides an up-to-datedeprivation. Poor access to services is likely to be a particular issue for groups picture of accessibility issues. Data is presented for the following key services: banks and building societies, cash-points, dentists, GP surgeries, job centres, petrol stations, post offices, primary schools, public houses, secondary schools2 Department of Transport, (2000) and Social Exclusion Unit (2005). Making the and supermarkets. For more information seeConnections. http://www.data4nr.net/resources/820.3 State of the Countryside 2007, Commission for Rural Communities, 20074 Where nearby is defined as being within 4km for banks or cash-points and 2km forpost offices. Cited in State of the Countryside (2007) Commission for RuralCommunities (2007). Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 5. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 5 Rural households by distance from financial services in NorfolkAccess to financial services in rural Norfolk 100%The tables and charts on this page compare the access to financial services in 90%rural Norfolk. The stacked bar chart shows the breakdown of households in 80%terms of distance from key financial services. The spider chart compares the % of rura l householdsproportion of people living more than 2km from key financial amenities across 70% 10km+rural Norfolk, and in rural areas across England as a whole. 60% 8-10km 50% 6-8kmBanks and building societies 40% 4-6km • 34% of households (67,310 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live 30% 2-4km within 2km of the nearest bank or building society; by contrast, 680 20% Les s than 2km households are 12km or more from the nearest bank or building society. • A similar proportion of people live more than 2km from a bank or building 10% society in rural areas in Norfolk (66%) compared with rural areas in 0% England as a whole (65%). Ba nk or building s ociety Ca s h-point Pos t officeHouseholds more than 2km from key financial amenities Source: OCSI 2011, CRC 2009 Bank or building society Cash-point Post office A similar % of people live Ba nk or building N % N % N % 2km+ from a bank in rural Norfol k - Rural s ocietyLocal area 153,480 41.1% 80,860 21.6% 28,770 7.7% Norfolk compared with 80% rural England England - Rural- rural 130,840 66.0% 79,980 40.4% 28,570 14.4% 60%- urban 22,630 12.9% 880 0.5% 200 0.1%East of England 710,060 29.4% 257,110 10.6% 126,140 5.2% 40%- rural 512,400 69.9% 250,460 34.2% 116,090 15.8% A higher % of people live 20%- urban 197,650 11.7% 6,650 0.4% 10,050 0.6% 2km+ from a cash-point in 0% rural Norfolk comparedEngland 4,499,540 20.6% 1,203,070 5.5% 681,580 3.1% with rural England- rural 2,683,710 65.1% 1,158,700 28.1% 619,400 15.0%- urban 1,815,840 10.2% 44,370 0.3% 62,190 0.4% Pos t office Ca s h-point Source: OCSI 2011, Commission for Rural Communities (CRC) 2009 A similar % of people live 2km+ from a post office in rural Norfolk compared with rural England Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 6. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 6 LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 8km from a bank or building society LSOA Code 8km+ from a bankCash-point N % Airfield E01026644 731 100.0% • 60% of households (118,170 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live Harling and Heathlands E01026439 673 100.0% within 2km of the nearest cash-point; by contrast, 1400 households are Reepham E01026547 628 100.0% 8km or more from the nearest cash-point. Airfield E01026642 564 100.0% • A higher proportion of people live more than 2km from a cash-point in Eynesford E01026522 544 100.0% rural areas in Norfolk (40.4%) than across rural areas in England as a whole(28%).Post office LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 8km from a cash-point LSOA Code 8km+ from a cash-point • 86% of households (169,580 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live N % within 2km of the nearest post office; by contrast, 70 households are 6km Wissey E01026728 406 43.4% or more from the nearest post office. Mid Forest E01026444 311 35.1% • A similar proportion of people live more than 2km from a post office in rural areas in Norfolk (14.4%) compared with rural areas in England as a Taverner E01026462 217 24.7% whole (15%). Hermitage E01026442 195 21.6% Launditch E01026443 155 19.2%Which areas within Norfolk are the greatest distance fromfinancial services? LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 4km from a Post Office LSOA Code 4km+ from a Post OfficeThe tables on this page show the Lower Layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs) in N %Norfolk with the highest proportion of households living specified distances Hempnall E01026904 248 47.7%from key financial services. Bressingham and Burston E01026874 168 29.4% • In 8 LSOAs in Norfolk, every household is more than 8km from a bank or Mid Forest E01026444 198 22.3% building society. Scole E01026935 103 18.2% • Wissey E01026728 has the highest proportion of households more than East Guiltcross E01026435 138 16.7% 8km from a cash-point, 43% of households. • Hempnall E01026904 has the highest proportion of households more than 4km from a Post Office, 48% of households. Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 7. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 7 Rural households by distance from health services in NorfolkAccess to health services in rural Norfolk 100%The tables and charts on this page compare the access to health services in 90%rural Norfolk. The stacked bar chart shows the breakdown of households in 80%terms of distance from key health services. The spider chart compares the % of rura l households 70% 10km+proportion of people living more than 2km from key health services across 60% 8-10kmrural Norfolk, and in rural areas across England as a whole. 6-8km 50%Dentist surgeries 40% 4-6km 30% 2-4km • 37% of households (72,560 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live Les s than 2km 20% within 2km of the nearest dental practice; by contrast, 90 households are 12km or more from the nearest dental practice. 10% • A higher proportion of people live more than 2km from a dentist surgery in 0% rural areas in Norfolk (63%) than across rural England as a whole (60%). Dentist GP (a ll) GP (principal)Households more than 2km from key health amenities Dentist GP (all) GP (principal) N % N % N % A higher % of people live Dentist Norfol k - Rural 2km+ from a dentist in ruralLocal area 133,050 35.6% 97,150 26.0% 118,630 31.7% 80% Norfolk compared with rural- rural 125,590 63.4% 94,400 47.6% 111,120 56.1% England Engl and - Rural 60%- urban 7,460 4.3% 2,750 1.6% 7,510 4.3% 40%East of England 538,370 22.3% 367,960 15.2% 436,220 18.1%- rural 469,290 64.0% 328,400 44.8% 380,240 51.9% 20% A higher % of people live 2km+ from a GP in rural Norfolk- urban 69,080 4.1% 39,560 2.4% 55,980 3.3% 0% compared with rural EnglandEngland 3,020,090 13.8% 2,049,570 9.4% 2,464,590 11.3%- rural 2,456,660 59.6% 1,748,870 42.4% 2,036,380 49.4%- urban 563,430 3.2% 300,700 1.7% 428,200 2.4% GP (principal) GP (a ll) Source: OCSI 2011, Commission for Rural Communities (CRC) 2009 A higher % of people live 2km+ from a large GP in rural Norfolk compared with rural England Source: Source: OCSI 2011, CRC 2009 Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 8. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 8 LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 8km from a dentistGP surgeries (all) LSOA Code 8km+ from a dentist • 52% of households (103,750 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live N % within 2km of the nearest GP surgery; by contrast, 10 households are Eynesford E01026522 544 100.0% 10km or more from the nearest GP surgery. Reepham E01026547 628 100.0% • A higher proportion of people live more than 2km from a GP surgery in Reepham E01026548 501 100.0% rural areas in Norfolk (48%) than rural England as a whole (42%). Airfield E01026642 564 100.0% Airfield E01026644 731 100.0%Principal GP surgeries5 • 44% of households (87,030 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 2km from a principal GP within 2km of the nearest large GP surgery; by contrast, 10 households LSOA Code 2km+ from a principal GP are 10km or more from the nearest GP surgery. N % • A higher proportion of people live more than 2km from a large GP surgery Denton E01026652 426 85.5% in rural areas in Norfolk (56%) than rural England as a whole (49%). Astley E01026729 634 64.0% Briston E01026730 609 59.0%Which areas within Norfolk are the greatest distance from health Priory E01026765 304 37.5% Docking E01026656 383 37.4%services?The tables on this page show the LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest proportionof households living specified distances from key health services. • In 5 LSOAs in Norfolk, every household is more than 8km from a dentist. • Denton E01026652 has the highest proportion of households more than 2km from a principal GP, 86% of households.5 Principal GP surgeries are surgeries with a permanent member of staff. Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 9. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 9 Rural households by distance from schools in Norfolk 100%Access to schools in rural Norfolk 90%The tables and charts on this page compare the access to primary and 80%secondary schools in rural Norfolk. The stacked bar chart shows the % of rura l households 70% 10km+breakdown of households in terms of distance from primary and secondary 60% 8-10kmschools. The bar chart compares the proportion of people living more than 2km 50% 6-8kmfrom primary and secondary schools across rural Norfolk, and in rural areasacross England as a whole. 40% 4-6km 30% 2-4kmPrimary school 20% Les s than 2km • 86% of households (170,930 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live 10% within 2km of the nearest primary school; by contrast, 60 households are 0% 6km or more from the nearest primary school. Primary school Secondary s chool • A higher proportion of people live more than 2km from a primary school in rural areas in Norfolk (13.7%) than across rural England as a whole (12.5%). Primary School Secondary School A higher % of people live 2km+ from a A s imilar % of people l ive 2km+ from aMore than 2km from primary and secondary schools pri ma ry s chool i n rural Norfolk s econdary s chool i n rural Norfolk Primary school Secondary school compared with the rural regional compa red with the rural England % hous eholds 2km+ from schools a vera ge a vera ge N % N %Local area 27,510 7.4% 149,300 40.0% 80%- rural 27,220 13.7% 134,760 68.0% 70% 60%- urban 290 0.2% 14,550 8.3% 50%East of England 96,640 4.0% 638,430 26.4% 40% 68.0% 68.5% 67.9%- rural 93,510 12.8% 502,110 68.5% 30% 20%- urban 3,130 0.2% 136,320 8.1% 10% 13.7% 12.8% 12.5%England 551,630 2.5% 4,160,450 19.0% 0%- rural 513,660 12.5% 2,798,100 67.9% Norfolk - Rural Eas t of England - Rural Engl and - Rural- urban 37,980 0.2% 1,362,350 7.7% Source: OCSI 2011, Commission for Rural Communities (CRC) 2009 Source: OCSI 2011, CRC 2009 Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 10. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 10 LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 4km from a primary schoolSecondary school LSOA Code 4km+ from a primary school • 32% of households (63,390 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live N % within 2km of the nearest secondary school; by contrast, 1020 households Haggard de Toni E01026438 190 42.9% are 12km or more from the nearest secondary school. Upwell and Delph E01026717 188 34.9% • A similar proportion of people live more than 2km from a secondary school Corpusty E01026733 311 29.6% in rural areas in Norfolk (68%) compared with rural England as a whole Burnham E01026646 243 19.2% (68%). Harling and Heathlands E01026440 72 16.7%Which areas within Norfolk are the greatest distance from primary LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 8km from a secondary schooland secondary schools? LSOA Code 8km+ from a secondary schoolThe tables on this page show the LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest proportion N %of households more than a given distance from primary and secondary Harling and Heathlands E01026439 673 100.0%schools. Airfield E01026644 731 100.0% Dersingham E01026653 863 100.0% • Haggard de Toni E01026438 has the highest proportion of households Dersingham E01026654 775 100.0% more than 4km from a primary school, 43% of households. Dersingham E01026655 694 100.0% • In 6 LSOAs in Norfolk, every household is more than 8km from a secondary school. Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 11. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 11 Rural households by distance from job centres NorfolkAccess to a job centre in rural Norfolk 100% 20km plusThe tables and charts on this page compare the access to a job centre in rural 90%Norfolk. The stacked bar chart compares the breakdown of households in 80% 18-20kmterms of distance to job centres across rural Norfolk and comparators. The bar % of rura l households 70% 16-18kmchart compares the proportion of people living more than 10km from a job 60% 14-16kmcentre across rural Norfolk, and comparators. 50% 12-14km • 12% of households (24,020 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live 40% 10-12km within 2km of the nearest job centre; by contrast, 2,630 households (1% of 30% 8-10km households) are 16km or more from the nearest job centre. 20% 6-8km • A higher proportion of people live more than 10km from a job centre in 10% rural areas in Norfolk (35%) than across rural England as a whole (30%). 0% 4-6km • In Norfolk there are 111 rural LSOAs where all households are more than 2-4km Rura l Norfolk Rura l East of England Rura l England 8km from the nearest job centre. Les s than 2km Rural Norfolk Rural East of England Rural England N % N % N %Less than 2km 24,020 12% 31,700 4% 170,570 4% Rura l Norfolk has a higher proportion of Rura l Norfolk has a higher proportion of people more than 10km from a job centre people more than 10km from a job centre2-4km 11,360 6% 62,260 8% 467,340 11% compared with the rural regional a verage compa red with the rural England a verage4-6km 20,460 10% 131,490 18% 824,410 20%6-8km 34,910 18% 152,770 21% 758,770 18% 40% Hous ehols 10km + from a job centre8-10km 37,090 19% 137,380 19% 656,160 16% 35%10-12km 31,540 16% 97,920 13% 481,420 12% 30%12-14km 23,660 12% 75,450 10% 327,540 8% 25% 20%14-16km 12,490 6% 33,990 5% 195,760 5% 35.5% 15% 29.7% 30.2%16-18km 2,630 1% 7,970 1% 101,750 2% 10%18-20km 0 0% 1,590 0% 73,710 2% 5%20km plus 0 0% 540 0% 62,930 2% 0% Rura l Norfolk Rura l East of England Rura l England Source: OCSI 2011, CRC 2009 Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 12. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 12 Rural households by distance from key amenities in NorfolkAccess to other key amenities in rural Norfolk 100%The tables and charts on this page compare the access to key amenities in 90%rural Norfolk. The stacked bar chart shows the breakdown of households in 80%terms of distance from supermarkets, petrol stations and public houses. The % of rura l households 70% 10km+spider-chart compares the proportion of people living more than 2km from 60% 8-10kmthese amenities across rural Norfolk, and in rural areas across England as a 50% 6-8kmwhole. 40% 4-6kmSupermarket 30% 2-4km • 32% of households (63,160 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live 20% Les s than 2km within 2km of the nearest supermarket or large food store; by contrast, 10% 110 households are 16km or more from the nearest supermarket or large 0% food store. Supermarket Petrol s tation Publ ic house • A higher proportion of people live more than 2km from a supermarket in rural areas in Norfolk (68%) than across rural England as a whole (57%).More than 2km from the nearest key amenities A higher % of people live Supermarket Norfol k - Rural 2km+ from a supermarket in 80% Supermarket Petrol station Public house rural Norfolk compared with rural England Engl and - Rural N % N % N % 60%Local area 138,860 37.2% 108,310 29.0% 31,150 8.3% 40%- rural 134,990 68.1% 100,800 50.9% 30,860 15.6% 20% A higher % of people live 2km+- urban 3,870 2.2% 7,510 4.3% 300 0.2% from a petrol station in ruralEast of England 502,870 20.8% 399,430 16.5% 81,490 3.4% 0% Norfolk compared with rural England- rural 446,100 60.9% 354,680 48.4% 78,920 10.8%- urban 56,770 3.4% 44,760 2.7% 2,580 0.2%England 2,842,090 13.0% 2,214,970 10.1% 380,710 1.7% Public house Petrol s tation- rural 2,334,320 56.7% 1,810,400 43.9% 360,590 8.8% A higher % of people live 2km+ from- urban 507,770 2.9% 404,570 2.3% 20,110 0.1% a pub in rural Norfolk compared with rural England Source: OCSI 2011, Commission for Rural Communities (CRC) 2009 Source: OCSI 2011, CRC 2009 Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 13. Distance to services in rural Norfolk 13Petrol station LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 8km from a petrol station • 49% of households (97,350 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live LSOA Code 8km+ from a petrol station within 2km of the nearest petrol station; by contrast, 890 households are N % 10km or more from the nearest petrol station. Harling and Heathlands E01026439 673 100.0% • A higher proportion of people live more than 2km from a petrol station in Harling and Heathlands E01026441 603 91.6% rural areas in Norfolk (51%) than across rural England as a whole (44%). Priory E01026764 298 31.3% Wayland E01026491 273 30.2%Public house Harling and Heathlands E01026440 108 25.1% • 84% of households (167,290 households) in rural areas in Norfolk live within 2km of the nearest public house; by contrast, 110 households are 6km or more from the nearest public house. LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 8km from a Supermarket • A higher proportion of people live more than 2km from a public house in LSOA Code 8km+ from a Supermarket rural areas in Norfolk (15.6%) than across rural England as a whole N % (8.8%). Harling and Heathlands E01026439 673 100.0% Eynesford E01026522 544 100.0%Which areas within Norfolk are the greatest distance from key Reepham E01026547 628 100.0% Reepham E01026548 501 100.0%amenities? Airfield E01026642 564 100.0%The tables on this page show the LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest proportionof households living more than 8km from a petrol station and supermarket and4 km from a pub. LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households more than 4km from a public house LSOA Code 4km+ from a public house • Harling and Heathlands E01026439 has the highest proportion of N % households more than 8km from a petrol station, with every household Hingham and Deopham E01026909 662 100.0% living more than 8km from a petrol station. Conifer E01026424 775 85.7% • In 9 LSOAs in Norfolk, every household is more than 8km from a Hingham and Deopham E01026910 356 63.8% supermarket. • Hingham and Deopham E01026909 has the highest proportion of Airfield E01026644 295 40.4% households more than 4km from a public house, with every household Astley E01026729 281 28.4% living more than 4km from a public house. Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 14. Travel time to services in rural Norfolk 143 Travel time to services in rural NorfolkThe local picture Department for Transport Core Accessibility IndicatorsPerhaps not surprisingly, analysis from the State of the Countryside6 identifies These indicators were designed to help Local Authorities build up an evidencethat on average people in rural areas travel further than people in urban areas. base for accessibility strategies. They provide estimated travel times (inThis section highlights the travel time to services in rural Norfolk: minutes) to a range of key services by walking or public transport. • Households with long travel times from key services The following services are included: employment centre (LSOAs with more • Which areas within Norfolk are the greatest travel times from key than 500 jobs), Further Education college, hospital, secondary school, services? supermarket, town centre.See the “Department for Transport Core Accessibility Indicators” box below The data is available down to LSOA level and provides breakdowns for at riskand Appendix A for details of the data. populations e.g. households with no access to cars or vans. Data was last updated in 2009 For more information see http://www.data4nr.net/resources/841 .6 Commission for Rural Communities (2010). State of the Countryside 2010. Availablefrom http://ruralcommunities.gov.uk/2010/07/06/state-of-the-countryside-2010/. Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 15. Travel time to services in rural Norfolk 15 Core Accessibility Indicators: Percentage of households more than a certain travelHouseholds with long travel times from key services time from key services (by walking or public transport).The tables and charts on this page compare the proportion of people with Empl oymentsignificant travel times to key amenities by walking and public transport in rural centre (40+ mi ns) Norfol k - Ruralareas in Norfolk, and rural areas across the region and England as a whole. 25 20 • A lower proportion of people live more than 40 minutes travel time from a England - Rural 15 centre of employment in rural areas in Norfolk (1.9%) than across rural Supermarket FE col l ege (60+ 10 England as a whole (2.4%). (30+ mi ns) 5 mi ns) • A higher proportion of people live more than 60 minutes travel time from a 0 Further Education (FE) college in rural areas in Norfolk (5.0%) than across rural England as a whole (4.7%). • A higher proportion of people live more than 60 minutes travel time from a Secondary Hos pital (60+ hospital in rural areas in Norfolk (22.8%) than across rural England as a s chool (40+ mi ns) whole (9.9%). mins) • A higher proportion of people live more than 40 minutes travel time from a secondary school in rural areas in Norfolk (10.0%) than across rural England as a whole (7.4%). • A higher proportion of people live more than 30 minutes travel time from a supermarket in rural areas in Norfolk (3.9%) than across rural England as Rura l Norfolk has a higher proportion of Rura l Norfolk has a higher proportion a whole (3.5%). people more than 40 minutes travel time of people more than 40 mi nutes travel from a town centre compared with the ti me from a town centre compared • A higher proportion of people live more than 40 minutes travel time from a rura l regional average wi th the rural England a verage % of hhol ds more than 40 mins from a Town town centre in rural areas in Norfolk (35.1%) than across rural England as a whole (28.5%). 40 35 30 Rural Norfolk Rural East of England Rural England 25 N % N % N % Centre 20 35.1 34.140mins+ from employment centre 6,240 1.9 21,430 1.7 171,480 2.4 15 28.560mins+ from FE College 1,010 5.0 3,690 4.4 23,220 4.7 1060mins+ from hospital 43,050 22.8 105,890 15.1 390,260 9.9 5 040mins+ from secondary school 2,380 10.0 7,970 8.4 39,260 7.4 Rura l Norfolk Rura l East of England Rura l England30mins+ from supermarket 7,400 3.9 22,550 3.2 136,940 3.540mins+ from town centre 70,490 35.1 257,250 34.1 1,194,810 28.5 Source: OCSI 2011, Department for Transport (DfT) 2009 Source: OCSI 2011, Department for Transport (DfT) 2009 Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 16. Travel time to services in rural Norfolk 16Which areas within Norfolk are the greatest travel times from keyservices?services?The tables on this page show the LSOAs in Norfolk which have the greatesttravel times to key services. • There are 3 LSOAs in Norfolk, where average travel times to all key services by walking or public transport is more than 120 minutes. • There are 5 LSOAs in Norfolk, more than 120 minutes travel time from a centre of employment by walking or public transport. • There are 15 LSOAs in Norfolk, more than 120 minutes travel time from a Further Education institution by walking or public transport. • There are 41 LSOAs in Norfolk, more than 120 minutes travel time from a hospital by walking or public transport. • There are 25 LSOAs in Norfolk, more than 120 minutes travel time from a secondary school by walking or public transport. • There are 4 LSOAs in Norfolk, more than 120 minutes travel time from a supermarket by walking or public transport. • There are 15 LSOAs in Norfolk, more than 120 minutes travel time from a town centre by walking or public transport.No. of LSOAs more than 120 minutes travel time of a key serviceEmployment centre 5Further Education (FE) college 15Hospital 41Secondary School 25Supermakret 4Town Centre 15 Source: Department of Transport (DfT) Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 17. Travel time to services in rural Norfolk 17LSOAs with the highest average travel time (minutes) to key amenities by walking or public transportLSOA Code Employment FE College Hospital Secondary school Supermarket Town centre centreDocking E01026656 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+Bunwell E01026877 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+Hempnall E01026903 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+Wensum E01026788 119 120+ 120+ 120+ 119 120+Aylsham E01026502 114 120+ 120+ 111 105 106West Guiltcross E01026494 85 120+ 120+ 120+ 90 120+All Saints E01026419 120+ 120+ 120+ 120+ 14 120+Haggard de Toni E01026438 31 120+ 120+ 120+ 45 120+Upper Wensum E01026483 38 120+ 120+ 120+ 36 120+Corpusty E01026733 69 120+ 120+ 120+ 41 69Snettisham E01026703 120+ 24 120+ 24 120+ 120+Wayland E01026491 88 109 120+ 96 17 97Mid Forest E01026444 62 61 99 120+ 63 68Eynsford E01026436 68 83 120+ 84 20 97Wissey E01026495 14 114 120+ 104 13 99Astley E01026729 68 43 120+ 120+ 26 76Airfield E01026642 14 120+ 120+ 120+ 11 48Airfield E01026644 5 120+ 120+ 120+ 3 55Wimbotsham with Fincham E01026727 53 57 86 120+ 57 62Harling and Heathlands E01026440 9 19 120+ 120+ 11 120+ Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 18. Access to Transport in rural Norfolk 184 Access to Transport in rural NorfolkThe national context Useful datasets on access to private transportPeople in rural areas rely more on private transport and, in general, spendmore on transport than their urban counterparts – according to the Office of Information on the number of cars or vans is based on the number of cars orNational Statistics Family Spending report 2009, households in rural areas vans owned, or available for use, by one or more members of a household. Itspend £76 on transport each week, compared with £57 in urban areas. includes company cars and vans available for private use. The count of cars orOverall, the residents of rural hamlets and villages travel nearly twice as far by vans in an area is based on details for private households only. Cars or vanscar each year compared to urban residents – a major reason is the distance to used by residents of communal establishments are not counted.employment opportunities7. The following breakdowns are also provided:The lack of good public transport in rural communities has been identified as a a) Pensioner households with no car or van (measured as a proportion ofsignificant barrier in accessing a range of public services, such as post-16 pensioner households)education, health, sport and leisure services, employment, financial services b) People with a limiting long-term illness and no car or van (measured as aand training. Households in rural areas lacking access to their own transport proportion of all people)are reliant on public transport. c) People who are unemployed and have no car or van (measured as aThe local picture proportion of all people aged 16-74) d) People who are out of work due to permanent sickness or disability andThe section below looks at areas and groups across Norfolk with no access to have no car or van (measured as a proportion of all people aged 16-74)private transport. For more information see http://www.data4nr.net/resources/24 .The analysis in this section is based on data from the 2001 census on thenumbers of cars or vans in a household. The use of census data has made itpossible to combine data on car or van with other socio-demographic data.This has made it possible to quantify not only the numbers of individuals orhouseholds without access to private transport, but also information forvulnerable groups such as pensioners and those out-of-work.See the “Useful datasets” box below and Appendix A for details of the data.7 Commission for Rural Communities (2005). State of the Countryside 2005. Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 19. Access to Transport in rural Norfolk 19 Rural households with no car or van in Norfolk and comparatorsHow do car ownership levels in rural Norfolk compare with other 100%rural areas? areas? 90% 80%The tables and charts on this and the following page compare the proportion of % of rural households 70%households by number of cars owned for rural and urban areas in Norfolk. 4 or more ca rs 60% 3 ca rs • There are 26,060 households in rural areas in Norfolk with no access to a 50% car or van. These people are likely to face particular challenges to 40% 2 ca r accessing key services and amenities. 30% 1 ca r • A similar proportion of households have no access to a car or van in rural 20% No ca rs areas in Norfolk (14.4%) compared with rural England as a whole (14.1%). 10% • In the most deprived rural areas in Norfolk, 35% of households have no 0% access to a car or van. Rura l Norfolk Rura l East of England Rura l EnglandHouseholds with no access to a car or van in rural Norfolk and comparators N %Local area 71,120 20.7- Rural 26,060 14.4 Rura l Norfolk has a higher proportion of Rura l Norfolk has a higher proportion of- Urban 45,050 27.9 hous eholds with no car compared with the hous eholds with no car compared with the rura l regional average rura l England averageEast of England 441,920 19.8- Rural 86,320 12.8 16- Urban 355,560 22.8 Hous eholds with no car or va n (%) 14England 5,488,390 26.8 12- Rural 537,450 14.1 10- Urban 4,951,040 29.7 8 14.4 14.1 Source: OCSI 2011, Census 2001 6 12.8 4 2 0 Rura l Norfolk Rural East of England Rural England Source: OCSI 2011, Census 2001 Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 20. Access to Transport in rural Norfolk 20 Key groups in rural areas with no car or van in Norfolk and comparators ownershipHow do car ownership levels for key groups compare in rural Rura l Norfolk has a lower % of pensioner Rura l Norfolk has a lower % of pensioner hous eholds with no car compared with the hous eholds with no car compared with theNorfolk and comparator areas? rural regional average rural England averageThe tables and charts on this page compare the proportion of households with Pens ioner households with no ca rno car or van for key groups. 40 35Pensioner households 30 25 • There are 18,950 pensioner households in rural areas in Norfolk with no 20 access to a car or van. These people are likely to face particular 15 34.1 34.8 35.2 challenges to accessing key health services and amenities. 10 • A lower proportion of pensioner households have no access to a car or 5 van in rural areas in Norfolk (34%) compared with rural England as a 0 whole (35%). Norfol k - Rural Ea s t of England - Rural Engl and - Rural Pensioner People with a Unemployed people People with a work households with no limiting long-term with no car or van limiting illness and Rura l Norfolk has a higher % of Rura l Norfolk has a similar % of people car or van illness and no car or no car or van people with a l ong-term illness a nd wi th a l ong-term i llness and no ca r van no ca r compared with the rural compa red with the rural England regi onal average a verage People with a limiting long-term illness N % N % N % N %Local area 40,460 41.0 26,310 3.4 4,650 0.8 6,890 1.2 3.0%- rural 18,950 34.1 10,980 2.6 940 0.3 1,970 0.6 2.5%- urban 21,530 49.7 15,340 4.3 3,690 1.4 4,980 1.9 2.0% and no carEast of England 243,720 44.2 160,030 3.0 25,190 0.7 40,510 1.1 1.5%- rural 61,800 34.8 35,530 2.2 2,950 0.3 6,110 0.5 2.6% 2.2% 2.4%- urban 182,020 48.7 124,480 3.4 22,230 0.8 34,460 1.3 1.0%England 2,430,230 50.1 1,854,720 3.8 431,180 1.2 657,110 1.9 0.5%- rural 353,700 35.2 221,540 2.4 24,380 0.4 48,560 0.7 0.0%- urban 2,076,140 54.0 1,633,240 4.2 406,400 1.4 608,880 2.1 Norfol k - Rural Ea s t of England - Rural Engl and - Rural Source: OCSI 2011, Census 2001 Source: OCSI 2011, Census 2001 Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 21. Access to Transport in rural Norfolk 21Limiting long-term illness Rural LSOAs in Norfolk with the highest % of households with no car or van • There are 10,980 people with a limiting long-term illness in rural areas in LSOA Code Households with no car or van Norfolk who lack access to a car or van. These people are likely to face N % particular challenges to accessing health services. Watton E01026488 209 41.4 • A similar proportion of proportion of people have a limiting longterm illness Cromer Town E01026734 263 41.0 and no access to a car or van in rural areas in Norfolk (2.6%) compared Diss E01026888 278 36.5 with rural England as a whole (2.4%).8 Cromer Town E01026735 244 36.2 Sheringham North E01026770 354 35.3Worklessness Source: OCSI 2011, Census 2001 • There are 940 people in rural areas in Norfolk who are unemployed and lack access to a car or van. In addition, there are 1970 who are out of work due to permanent sickness or disability and lack access to a car or van. These people are likely to face particular challenges to looking for work as they will be less able to travel to job centres or areas of employment.Which areas within Norfolk have the highest proportion ofhouseholds with no car or van?The table on this page shows the Lower Layer Super Output (LSOAs) areas inrural Norfolk with the highest proportion of households with no car or van. • Watton E01026488 has the highest proportion of households with no car or van of all rural LSOAs in Norfolk, with 209 households (41.4%) lacking access to a car or van.8 Note that proportion refers to the proportion of the whole population, Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 22. Appendix A: Indicators and data sources 22 Appendix A: Indicators and data sourcesIndicator Description Date Source ReferenceRural In order to monitor changing levels of service availability, these datasets combine information on service localities, 2009 Commission http://www.data4nr.net/resServices together with postcode level information on the distribution of households, to calculate numbers of households within for Rural ources/820Data Series distance of key service indicators. “Crow flies” distance from households to various services is presented as the Communities proportion of households living within specified distances (2km bands) of these services. This data is developed at (CRC) Output Area level (areas covering 150 to 300 people) and therefore enables finer grained analysis of individual pockets and small settlements. This dataset was collected for 2009 so provides an up-to-date picture of accessibility issues. Data is presented for the following key services: banks and building societies, cash-points, dentists, GP surgeries, job centres, petrol stations, post offices, primary schools, public houses, secondary schools and supermarkets.Core These indicators were designed to help Local Authorities build up an evidence base for accessibility strategies. They 2009 Department http://www.data4nr.net/resAccessibility provide estimated travel times (in minutes) to a range of key services by walking or public transport. The following for Transport ources/841Indicators services are included: Employment Centre (LSOA with more than 500 jobs), Further Education college, hospital, (DfT) secondary school, supermarket, town centre. The data is available down to Lower Layer Super Output Area (LSOA) and provides breakdowns for at risk populations e.g. households with no access to cars or vans.Access to Information on the number of cars or vans is based on the number of cars or vans owned, or available for use, by one or 2001 Census http://www.data4nr.net/resprivate more members of a household. It includes company cars and vans available for private use. The count of cars or vans 2001 ources/24transport in an area is based on details for private households only. Cars or vans used by residents of communal establishments are not counted. The following breakdowns are also provided: a) Pensioner households with no car or van (measured as a proportion of pensioner households) b) People with a limiting long-term illness and no car or van (measured as a proportion of all people) c) People who are unemployed and have no car or van (measured as a proportion of all people aged 16-74) d) People who are out of work due to permanent sickness or disability and have no car or van (measured as a proportion of all people aged 16-74) Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 23. Appendix B: Geographies 23Appendix B: Geographies Unlike wards, LSOAs are designed to produce areas of approximately equal rural-The rural-urban classification population size, with the mean population of lower layer SOAs beingIn this project we have used the rural-urban area classifications developed approximately 1,500 people. Although there remains a degree of variationunder a joint project sponsored by the Office for National Statistics, around this mean of 1,500 persons (the smallest lower layer SOA population inDepartment for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the Office for the Deputy England is just under 1,000 whilst the highest population is over 6,000), thePrime Minister, the Countryside Agency and National Assembly for Wales. large majority of lower layer SOAs have populations close to 1,500. This standardised population size makes the lower layer SOA geography wellThe classifications are available for a range of geographical scales, including suited to identifying smaller pockets of deprivation that may be averaged outOutput Areas, Super Output Areas (both Lower and Middle Layer), and Wards. over large wards. There are 32,482 lower layer SOAs in EnglandThe classification can be used to analyse and report on the very wide range ofdata sets that are now geographically referenced.The classifications are categorised into four categories9: ‘urban’ - based on allsettlements over 10,000 population; ‘town & fringe’ ‘village or hamlet’; and‘isolated dwelling’. For the analysis in this project, we have combined the ‘town& fringe’, ‘village or hamlet’ and ‘isolated dwelling’ categories into a single non-urban ‘rural’ category. In other words, our rural area analysis is based on allareas outside settlements with populations of more than 10,000 people.For further details on the classifications, seewww.statistics.gov.uk/geography/nrudp.asp.Census Super Output AreasCensus Super Output Areas (SOAs) are a statistical geography created for thepurpose of presenting the 2001 Census, the Indices of Deprivation 2004, andother neighbourhood statistics. There are two layers to the SOA geography:‘lower layer’ and ‘middle layer’. All SOA level data presented within this reportare based on ‘lower layer’ SOA boundaries (LSOAs). See the 2001 Censuswebsite referenced above for further details of the different SOA layers.9 There is a second dimension of categorisation, where areas are classifiedinto “sparse” and “less sparse” – for the purposes of this project we havecombined these two categories. Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 24. Appendix C: How to interpret the charts and tables in this report 24 C: Appendix C: How to interpret the charts and tables in this report Distance from financial services in East Riding of Yorkshire and rural comparators Bank or building A lower % of people liveSpider-charts are used to show society East Riding of 2km+ from a bank in rural 80% Yorkshire - Ruralhow accessibility of services varies East Riding of Yorkshire England - Rural Key messages are highlightedbetween local rural areas and rural 60% in the chart, and also in theareas across England. 40% A lower % of people live accompanying text description 20% 2km+ from a cashpoint in ruralThis spider-chart shows the East Riding of Yorkshireproportion of people living more 0% than across rural Englandthan 2km from a bank, post office The source highlights whereand cash-point for rural areas in the data comes from, in this Post Office Cashpointthe East Riding of Yorkshire A higher % of people live case Commission for Ruralcompared with rural areas across 2km+ from a Post Office in rural Communities. Appendix AEngland. East Riding of Yorkshire gives more details. Source: OCSI 2011, CRC 2009 Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011
  • 25. Appendix C: How to interpret the charts and tables in this report 25 Distance from financial services in East Riding of Yorkshire and rural comparatorsStacked bar-charts show how a 100% 100%particular group is broken down 90% 90%into sub-groups, and how this 80% 80%differs between local rural andurban areas. 70% 70% 10km+ 10km+ 60% 60% 8-10km 8-10kmIn this example, distances to key 50% 50% 6-8kmservices are shown for the East 6-8km 40% 40%Riding of Yorkshire, with the 4-6km 4-6km 30%stacked bar chart identifying the 30% 2-4km 2-4kmproportion of households “less than 20% 20% Less than 2km Less than 2km2 km”, “2-4 km” and so on. 10% 10% 0% 0% Bank or building Cashpoint Post Office society Bank or building Cashpoint Post Office society Source: OCSI 2011, CRC 2009 Access to services in Norfolk. ©ACRE/RCAN/OCSI 2011