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Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason
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Conference_20130305_Skúli Helgason

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  • International movement - a concern for the EU, OECD, the Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of ministers and of course the United Nations where work is now in progress for the preparation of Rio+20 convention on sustainable development that will be held in Brazil in June 2012. One of the main subjects under discussion there will be green economies. Ecological footprint is a measure of man's encroachment on the earth and its resources. Waste of energy, use of natural resources, pollution, etc. The background: the government manifesto: The government wishes to enhance green economic activity, including projects where clean, renewable energy is used in a sustainable manner to generate wealth and employment. The emphasis was placed on identifying Iceland's opportunities in environmentally friendly industry and on encouraging investments by means of temporary concessions and advantageous energy prices. The government manifesto is a political bible for a party in government.
  • Are these just naive pipedreams? Well it is clear that we will not become a green economy overnight, but as a vision for decades into the future then this is an ambitious unrealistic objective if we start immediately and work according to this policy. We have certain advantages, renewable energy, clean and relatively pristine nature, opportunities for innovation, but we could use a better and a well-educated workforce, for example in the field of energy - we could increase our higher education.
  • The model: The state is a country's largest employer with a little under 22,000 employees. It could have an enormous impact by taking the initiative in policy-making, in legal amendments where green emphases are woven into the policy and declared objectives of public institutions, through public purchasing and in many other ways.
  • In policy-making, consideration is given to the fundamental principles of the Rio Declaration, particularly with respect to the principles on compensation for pollution and on the precautionary approach. Precautionary approach: lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation. In order to protect the environment the state shall apply the precautionary principle more frequently to the extent that it has the capacity to do so. The principle of compensation for pollution: those who pollute or cause environmental damage shall pay the resulting costs and shall compensate for the damage. Bill presented by the Minister for the Environment on responsibility for the environment which allows for the principle of compensation for pollution being introduced into Icelandic law. An important step.
  • Public purchases, ISK 200 billion per annum. The percentage of calls for tenders with environmental conditions should have been 30% in 2010 but we are far from achieving that objective. The municipalities -
  • Plans for sustainable development: Local agenda 21, welfare for the future, Sustainability plan for the Nordic countries. Responsibility. The Icelandic National Audit Office. Such a study has not been made. Important to examine how sustainability indicators or other metrics are used to monitor success. Proposals on municipalities: municipalities will be encouraged to plan areas for green economic activity with investments in mind and shall make basic research on environmental aspects of such areas, more detailed than as required in plans for assessment of environmental impact.   Municipalities are encouraged to form a special policy for eco-friendly vehicles and two merge such a policy with their previously agreed planning documents. Cooperation between the state and municipalities on public transport is encouraged. A special collaborative group for sustainability indicators will be formed with representatives from government, municipalities, industry and NGOs, to make needs analysis, to view opportunities for funding and to remove barriers that could hinder the preparation for collecting such indicators.
  • Increased capital gained for the VINN project (eco-friendly purchasing) and for preparation for a five-year campaign for foreign investment. Select priority, map out investors. Data centre, silicate purification, carbon fibre production, basalt fibre production, Clean Tech, eco-friendly chemical industry Seaweed manufacture, fish-farming, biotechnology, tourism, export of water
  • Increased capital gained for the VINN project (eco-friendly purchasing) and for preparation for a five-year campaign for foreign investment. Select priority, map out investors. Data centre, silicate purification, carbon fibre production, basalt fibre production, Clean Tech, eco-friendly chemical industry Seaweed manufacture, fish-farming, biotechnology, tourism, export of water
  • GPP – calls for professional procurement routines, defining the needs carefully, doing market analysis, having a dialogue with the market and using environmental criteria in addition to other criteria.  Public Procurement Innovation – stimulate the market to come up with innovative green solutions through green public procurement – define needs instead of prescribing particular solutions – for instance – instead of calling for a particular amount of printer hardware the call is for innovative solutions to print jobs, resulting in innovative green solutions like cloud printing. In the educational system – example of Hafnarfjordur Municipality where instead of calling for a particular amount of computer hardware the municipality called for IT solutions to computer needs resulting in a system of “mother computers” instead of dozens of laptops, saving money and natural resources in the process. Cooperation with relevant stakeholders in seeking green innovative solutions– e.g. public organizations, NGO´s, private firms, media and the public through interactive media. Renewable energy: electricity, geothermal power, wind power, biomass, solar energy, methane, energy from the oceans. Energy savings: goods or services that improve the use of energy. Example: Marorka – leading company in terms of providing energy management solutions for the international shipping industry – has developed a system that can maximize energy efficiency and save shipping operators up to 15% of their energy costs. Marorka has been awarded the Nordic Council Nature and Environment Prize for having developed IT tools which will significantly reduce energy consumption and emissions in shipping. Pollution prevention: goods or services that reduce/prevent the creation or release of pollutants into the environment - or the removal of pollution/toxic substances from the environment, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, reduces or prevents the creation of waste through the collection, reuse, recycling, remanufacturing or the creation of soil from solid waste or effluent. Protection of natural resources: goods or services that protect natural resources. This category includes goods or services related to organic agriculture and sustainable forestry, land management, the protection of soil, water, or animal life and the treatment of surface water. Environmental rules…: Goods or services that ensure adherence to laws and regulations related to the environment, provide education and training related to green technology or methodologies, increases public environmental awareness.
  • Environmental conditions have been defined for 13 out of 21 product groups. However only a small fraction of tenders include environmental conditions as of date. Policy from 2009 had the following milestones: 30% of tenders to include environmental conditions by 2009, 80% by 2012. Our policy in the Green Economy calls for 50% of all tenders to include environmental conditions by 2015 and 80% before 2020. Renewable energy: electricity, geothermal power, wind power, biomass, solar energy, methane, energy from the oceans. Energy savings: goods or services that improve the use of energy. Example: Marorka – leading company in terms of providing energy management solutions for the international shipping industry – has developed a system that can maximize energy efficiency and save shipping operators up to 15% of their energy costs. Marorka has been awarded the Nordic Council Nature and Environment Prize for having developed IT tools which will significantly reduce energy consumption and emissions in shipping. Pollution prevention: goods or services that reduce/prevent the creation or release of pollutants into the environment - or the removal of pollution/toxic substances from the environment, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, reduces or prevents the creation of waste through the collection, reuse, recycling, remanufacturing or the creation of soil from solid waste or effluent. Protection of natural resources: goods or services that protect natural resources. This category includes goods or services related to organic agriculture and sustainable forestry, land management, the protection of soil, water, or animal life and the treatment of surface water. Environmental rules…: Goods or services that ensure adherence to laws and regulations related to the environment, provide education and training related to green technology or methodologies, increases public environmental awareness.
  • Renewable energy: electricity, geothermal power, wind power, biomass, solar energy, methane, energy from the oceans. Energy savings: goods or services that improve the use of energy. Example: Marorka – leading company in terms of providing energy management solutions for the international shipping industry – has developed a system that can maximize energy efficiency and save shipping operators up to 15% of their energy costs. Marorka has been awarded the Nordic Council Nature and Environment Prize for having developed IT tools which will significantly reduce energy consumption and emissions in shipping. Pollution prevention: goods or services that reduce/prevent the creation or release of pollutants into the environment - or the removal of pollution/toxic substances from the environment, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, reduces or prevents the creation of waste through the collection, reuse, recycling, remanufacturing or the creation of soil from solid waste or effluent. Protection of natural resources: goods or services that protect natural resources. This category includes goods or services related to organic agriculture and sustainable forestry, land management, the protection of soil, water, or animal life and the treatment of surface water. Environmental rules…: Goods or services that ensure adherence to laws and regulations related to the environment, provide education and training related to green technology or methodologies, increases public environmental awareness.
  • Environmental Policy. Action plan for 2012-2013 is in place. Targets include reducing waste that goes into landfill and incineration/burning by 15% - reach a target of minimum 5 major tenders by 2013 that include environmental conditions and are likely to have major effect. Reduce the use of water and electricity by 3% from 2011 to 2013. NH electricity use is akin to the use of 4600 households and water use akin to 1600 households. Increase the number of people that use green transportation methods from 21% in 2011 to 30% in 2013. Cycling, walking, running, using public transportation.
  • Resolution introduced in xxx 2010, approved June 10 th 2010, committee formed in September 2010, worked for 12 months, report late September 2011, standing committee, vote on the floor March 20 th 2012. Are these just naive pipedreams? Well it is clear that we will not become a green economy overnight, but as a vision for decades into the future then this is an ambitious unrealistic objective if we start immediately and work according to this policy. We have certain advantages, renewable energy, clean and relatively pristine nature, opportunities for innovation, but we could use a better and a well-educated workforce, for example in the field of energy - we could increase our higher education.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Sustainable prosperity - a model society Skúli Helgason
    • 2. Why Green Makes Sense• Polarization between nature conservation and heavy industry has divided the Icelandic population for decades.• Green growth coordinates economic policy with Iceland´s singular dependence on natural resources through fisheries, tourism and renewable energy.• The demand for green energy is increasing and Icelanders have a comparative advantage in terms of extensive knowledge in the field of renewable energy.• Icelanders have one of the largest ecological footprints in the world.
    • 3. A Vision for IcelandIceland can be a model green economy,emphasizing clean natural environment, sustainable use of energy, innovation and education towards sustainability.
    • 4. Statement of Policy• The Government will set an example and create conditions for the development of a green economy.• Economic incentives will be used to promote green economic activity.• Green jobs will be created.• Emphasis will be placed on promoting green investments from local and foreign sources.
    • 5. Statement of Policy (cont.)• The Polluter-Pays-Principle will form the basis for implementing green fees and tariffs.• The Precautionary Principle to be integrated with the national fiscal and employment policy.• Education on sustainable development and environmental issues will be emphasized.• The green economy will be an integral part of the national promotional strategy.
    • 6. The State as a Model• The green economy shall be a priority in the government´s economic and employment policy.• Althingi, all cabinet ministries and public institutions shall implement environmental management plans to reduce waste and negative environmental impact.• Increased emphasis on green public procurement. Eco- friendly calls for tenders shall be increased to 50% in 2015 and 80% in 2020.• Iceland shall ratify Appendix 6 to the MARPOL Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships and declare the Icelandic exclusive economic zone an Emission Control Area.
    • 7. Green Jobs and Investments• A Green Investment Fund shall be established to invest in green small and medium businesses in Iceland.• A five-year campaign to attract green foreign direct investment (FDI) to Iceland in designated fields.• A Green Innovation Fund shall be established to fund green R&D and innovation projects.• The Government shall develop an action plan to increase organic production to a level of 15% of national agricultural production by 2020.
    • 8. Administration and Analysis• The green economy will be located in the Prime Minister´s Office which will coordinate the work of all cabinet ministries. The PMO’s office will be responsible for inviting other stakeholders to collaborate e.g. municipalities.• Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) shall be calculated and published along with GDP measurements.• Provisions on Cost-Benefit Analyses (CBA) shall be added to legislation on environmental impact assessment of plans and projects.• A comprehensive revision of the legislation on waste to remove barriers to the recycling industry in Iceland.
    • 9. Economic Incentives •Renewable energy for transport will not be taxed before its share has reached 20% of total use in transport.•Private businesses will be reimbursed up to 20% of the cost of implementing certified environmental management systems (for instance ISO 14001 or EMAS).•The Ministry of Finance shall develop pollution fees, which will be used to partially reimburse private businesses that invest in pollution prevention solutions in respective industries.•Public institutions will be reimbursed up to 20% of product costs that meet terms and conditions of Environmental Labels Type 1.
    • 10. Green Revolution of the Mind• Innovation Center Iceland shall develop a methodology and  tools for “greening” private businesses.• An educational campaign shall be launched concerning the  real cost of alternative means of transport and the relationship  between different means of transport and health. • All legislation pertaining to public institutions shall be revised  in order to integrate the concept of sustainable development  into the statutory purposes of the respective institutions. 
    • 11. Green Growth 2013-2015• The Icelandic Government introduced an Investment Plan for  2013-2015 that included a proposal for allocating 25 million  euros towards implementing the first phase of the policy on  the Strengthening of the Green Economy.• The national budget for 2013 includes funding for numerous  Green Economy projects including the Green Investment  Fund, Green Public Procurement, Energy Conversion in  Transportation, Green Steps for Government and Education  on Green Economy and Sustainability.
    • 12. Green Public Procurement•Purchasing power of the public sphere is 300 billion IKR (1,8 billion euros).•State and municipalities collaborate on defining environmental criteria for different product groups.•GPP would benefit from more joint procurement in the public sphere.•Nordic collaboration essential for sharing knowledge and tools.
    • 13. Green Public Procurement – cont.•Define needs and consult market actors prior to tenders.•Share tender documents and contracts .•Public Procurement Innovation (PPI)•Examples: Cloud Printing and IT solutions in schools.•Policy currently under review.
    • 14. Green Investment Fund•500 million IKR (3 million euros) will be allocated towards theestablishment of a Green Investment Fund in 2013.•Invest in small and medium sized green businesses in Iceland.•The fund will be hosted by NSA Ventures, a leading Icelandic VentureCapital Fund – member of the Nordic Venture Network.•Interesting investment opportunities in Clean Tech, Green IT, EnergyConversion, Energy Management, Eco-Tourism etc.
    • 15. Pilot Project- National Hospital•Biggest workplace in the country with 4600 employees.•Environmental Policy with quantifiable targets•Recycle, reduce waste, use of water and electricity•Green Transportation Contracts•Green Public Procurement
    • 16. Political Consensus• Parliamentary resolution proposed by MP´s from all political parties.• Parliamentary committee reached a unanimous conclusion in its´ final report.• Unanimous support by the Standing Committee in Parliament• Parliament approved final resolution by a vote of 43-0

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