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Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

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  • 1. SOUTH AMERICA Natural Vegetation Wildlife
  • 2. Natural Vegetation
  • 3. Equator Equatorial Rain Forests Tropical Grasslands Warm Temperate Forests Temperate Grasslands rn aprico of C Tropic Cold Desert Scrub Hot desert Mediterranean Vegetation Cool Temperate Forests Mountain Vegetation
  • 4. EQUATORIAL FORESTS  Found in SELVAS of Amazon Basin  Largest area of equatorial forests in the world  Trees are evergreen and they yield hardwood  Forest is dense with trees like rubber, cinchona, rosewood, mahogany and ebony SELVAS 1
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  • 7. TROPICAL GRASSLANDS  Have long grasses CAMPOS  Known as LLANOS in Guiana and CAMPOS in Brazil  There are scattered trees between grasses of varying heights LLANOS
  • 8. MOUNTAIN VEGETATION  Includes:  Temperate deciduous forests at the foothills  Coniferous forests that extend up to the tree line  Alpine vegetation  Leaves of Cocaa native Peruvian tree-famous for relieving fatigue and hunger COCA TREE
  • 9. HOT DESERT VEGETATION  Mainly found in the dry ATACAMA DESERT ATACAMA DESERT  Cactus, prickly pear, scrub, thorny bushes and coarse grass are mainly found here
  • 10.    MEDITERRANEAN VEGETATION Trees have adapted to the dry summer conditions Trees have THICK, SHINY LEAVES Found mainly in CENTRAL CHILEsouth of Atacama Desert
  • 11. WARM TEMPERATE FORESTS  Found in GRAN CHACO  Mainly grasslands with some forests  The QUEBRACHO TREE, a hardwood tree, grows here  Suitable for CATTLE REARING QUEBRACHO TREE
  • 12. COOL TEMPERATE MIXED FORESTS  Mainly found in SOUTHERN CHILE which has wet and climate throughout the year  Consists of both hardwood and softwood trees MIXED FORESTS
  • 13. TEMPERATE GRASSLANDS  Known as PAMPAS in NORTHEASTERN ARGENTINA and URUGUAY  Consists of short, soft and nutritious grasses  Well suited to CATTLE GRAZING, DAIRYING AND WHEAT CULTIVATION  Vast amounts of WHEAT grown here for export PAMPAS
  • 14. COLD TEMPERATE DESERT VEGETATION  Found in the PATAGONIA DESERT PATAGONIA DESERT  Consists of scrub and grass
  • 15. WILDLIFE
  • 16. AMAZON FORESTS • Colourful birds, monkeys, insects, snakes such as the PYTHON and the ANACONDA PYTHON
  • 17. Reptiles such as CROCODILES, ALLIGATORS and fishes including the PIRANHA PIRANHA CROCODILE ALLIGATOR
  • 18. PUMA TAPIR The TAPIR, GIANT ANTEATER SLOTH, PUMA and the ARMADILLO are also found here. ARMADILLO
  • 19. TROPICAL REGION • Birds like TOUCANS, EGRETS, HUMMINGBIRDS, PARROTS and FLAMINGOS
  • 20. PAMPAS • Large ostrich like RHEA • Animal called GUANACO is related to the camel family but has a head and ears similar to a mule, legs like a stag and a tail RHEA GUANACO
  • 21. PAMPAS DEER •PAMPAS DEER and the JAGUAR of the cat family are found here JAGUAR
  • 22. ANDES CONDOR VICUNA • Large preying birds such as the CONDOR • The VICUNA, ALPACA and LLAMA are believed to belong to the camel family. These sure-footed, long-haired animals can withstand the severe cold in the Andes
  • 23. ALPACA LLAMAS
  • 24. ATACAMA DESERT • RODENTS, GECKOS and IGUANAS are abundant in the desert sands
  • 25. GALAPAGOS ISLANDS • Off the coast of Ecuador • Mainly inhabited by GIANT TURTLES, LIZARDS and a variety of birds
  • 26. GUANO ISLANDS • Off the coast of Peru • Thousands of GUANO BIRDS are found here • Droppings of these birds- guanoare used as manure