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South america
 

South america

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Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

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South america South america Presentation Transcript

  • SOUTH AMERICA Natural Vegetation Wildlife
  • Natural Vegetation
  • Equator Equatorial Rain Forests Tropical Grasslands Warm Temperate Forests Temperate Grasslands rn aprico of C Tropic Cold Desert Scrub Hot desert Mediterranean Vegetation Cool Temperate Forests Mountain Vegetation
  • EQUATORIAL FORESTS  Found in SELVAS of Amazon Basin  Largest area of equatorial forests in the world  Trees are evergreen and they yield hardwood  Forest is dense with trees like rubber, cinchona, rosewood, mahogany and ebony SELVAS 1
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  • TROPICAL GRASSLANDS  Have long grasses CAMPOS  Known as LLANOS in Guiana and CAMPOS in Brazil  There are scattered trees between grasses of varying heights LLANOS
  • MOUNTAIN VEGETATION  Includes:  Temperate deciduous forests at the foothills  Coniferous forests that extend up to the tree line  Alpine vegetation  Leaves of Cocaa native Peruvian tree-famous for relieving fatigue and hunger COCA TREE
  • HOT DESERT VEGETATION  Mainly found in the dry ATACAMA DESERT ATACAMA DESERT  Cactus, prickly pear, scrub, thorny bushes and coarse grass are mainly found here
  •    MEDITERRANEAN VEGETATION Trees have adapted to the dry summer conditions Trees have THICK, SHINY LEAVES Found mainly in CENTRAL CHILEsouth of Atacama Desert
  • WARM TEMPERATE FORESTS  Found in GRAN CHACO  Mainly grasslands with some forests  The QUEBRACHO TREE, a hardwood tree, grows here  Suitable for CATTLE REARING QUEBRACHO TREE
  • COOL TEMPERATE MIXED FORESTS  Mainly found in SOUTHERN CHILE which has wet and climate throughout the year  Consists of both hardwood and softwood trees MIXED FORESTS
  • TEMPERATE GRASSLANDS  Known as PAMPAS in NORTHEASTERN ARGENTINA and URUGUAY  Consists of short, soft and nutritious grasses  Well suited to CATTLE GRAZING, DAIRYING AND WHEAT CULTIVATION  Vast amounts of WHEAT grown here for export PAMPAS
  • COLD TEMPERATE DESERT VEGETATION  Found in the PATAGONIA DESERT PATAGONIA DESERT  Consists of scrub and grass
  • WILDLIFE
  • AMAZON FORESTS • Colourful birds, monkeys, insects, snakes such as the PYTHON and the ANACONDA PYTHON
  • Reptiles such as CROCODILES, ALLIGATORS and fishes including the PIRANHA PIRANHA CROCODILE ALLIGATOR
  • PUMA TAPIR The TAPIR, GIANT ANTEATER SLOTH, PUMA and the ARMADILLO are also found here. ARMADILLO
  • TROPICAL REGION • Birds like TOUCANS, EGRETS, HUMMINGBIRDS, PARROTS and FLAMINGOS
  • PAMPAS • Large ostrich like RHEA • Animal called GUANACO is related to the camel family but has a head and ears similar to a mule, legs like a stag and a tail RHEA GUANACO
  • PAMPAS DEER •PAMPAS DEER and the JAGUAR of the cat family are found here JAGUAR
  • ANDES CONDOR VICUNA • Large preying birds such as the CONDOR • The VICUNA, ALPACA and LLAMA are believed to belong to the camel family. These sure-footed, long-haired animals can withstand the severe cold in the Andes
  • ALPACA LLAMAS
  • ATACAMA DESERT • RODENTS, GECKOS and IGUANAS are abundant in the desert sands
  • GALAPAGOS ISLANDS • Off the coast of Ecuador • Mainly inhabited by GIANT TURTLES, LIZARDS and a variety of birds
  • GUANO ISLANDS • Off the coast of Peru • Thousands of GUANO BIRDS are found here • Droppings of these birds- guanoare used as manure