South america

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Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

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  • South america

    1. 1. SOUTH AMERICA Natural Vegetation Wildlife
    2. 2. Natural Vegetation
    3. 3. Equator Equatorial Rain Forests Tropical Grasslands Warm Temperate Forests Temperate Grasslands rn aprico of C Tropic Cold Desert Scrub Hot desert Mediterranean Vegetation Cool Temperate Forests Mountain Vegetation
    4. 4. EQUATORIAL FORESTS  Found in SELVAS of Amazon Basin  Largest area of equatorial forests in the world  Trees are evergreen and they yield hardwood  Forest is dense with trees like rubber, cinchona, rosewood, mahogany and ebony SELVAS 1
    5. 5. 2
    6. 6. 3
    7. 7. TROPICAL GRASSLANDS  Have long grasses CAMPOS  Known as LLANOS in Guiana and CAMPOS in Brazil  There are scattered trees between grasses of varying heights LLANOS
    8. 8. MOUNTAIN VEGETATION  Includes:  Temperate deciduous forests at the foothills  Coniferous forests that extend up to the tree line  Alpine vegetation  Leaves of Cocaa native Peruvian tree-famous for relieving fatigue and hunger COCA TREE
    9. 9. HOT DESERT VEGETATION  Mainly found in the dry ATACAMA DESERT ATACAMA DESERT  Cactus, prickly pear, scrub, thorny bushes and coarse grass are mainly found here
    10. 10.    MEDITERRANEAN VEGETATION Trees have adapted to the dry summer conditions Trees have THICK, SHINY LEAVES Found mainly in CENTRAL CHILEsouth of Atacama Desert
    11. 11. WARM TEMPERATE FORESTS  Found in GRAN CHACO  Mainly grasslands with some forests  The QUEBRACHO TREE, a hardwood tree, grows here  Suitable for CATTLE REARING QUEBRACHO TREE
    12. 12. COOL TEMPERATE MIXED FORESTS  Mainly found in SOUTHERN CHILE which has wet and climate throughout the year  Consists of both hardwood and softwood trees MIXED FORESTS
    13. 13. TEMPERATE GRASSLANDS  Known as PAMPAS in NORTHEASTERN ARGENTINA and URUGUAY  Consists of short, soft and nutritious grasses  Well suited to CATTLE GRAZING, DAIRYING AND WHEAT CULTIVATION  Vast amounts of WHEAT grown here for export PAMPAS
    14. 14. COLD TEMPERATE DESERT VEGETATION  Found in the PATAGONIA DESERT PATAGONIA DESERT  Consists of scrub and grass
    15. 15. WILDLIFE
    16. 16. AMAZON FORESTS • Colourful birds, monkeys, insects, snakes such as the PYTHON and the ANACONDA PYTHON
    17. 17. Reptiles such as CROCODILES, ALLIGATORS and fishes including the PIRANHA PIRANHA CROCODILE ALLIGATOR
    18. 18. PUMA TAPIR The TAPIR, GIANT ANTEATER SLOTH, PUMA and the ARMADILLO are also found here. ARMADILLO
    19. 19. TROPICAL REGION • Birds like TOUCANS, EGRETS, HUMMINGBIRDS, PARROTS and FLAMINGOS
    20. 20. PAMPAS • Large ostrich like RHEA • Animal called GUANACO is related to the camel family but has a head and ears similar to a mule, legs like a stag and a tail RHEA GUANACO
    21. 21. PAMPAS DEER •PAMPAS DEER and the JAGUAR of the cat family are found here JAGUAR
    22. 22. ANDES CONDOR VICUNA • Large preying birds such as the CONDOR • The VICUNA, ALPACA and LLAMA are believed to belong to the camel family. These sure-footed, long-haired animals can withstand the severe cold in the Andes
    23. 23. ALPACA LLAMAS
    24. 24. ATACAMA DESERT • RODENTS, GECKOS and IGUANAS are abundant in the desert sands
    25. 25. GALAPAGOS ISLANDS • Off the coast of Ecuador • Mainly inhabited by GIANT TURTLES, LIZARDS and a variety of birds
    26. 26. GUANO ISLANDS • Off the coast of Peru • Thousands of GUANO BIRDS are found here • Droppings of these birds- guanoare used as manure

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