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Cinematography by Noor Sharif
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Cinematography by Noor Sharif

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  • 1. Cinematography Noor Sharif 12N
  • 2. What is cinematography? Cinematography is the art of photography and camerawork in film-making. There are 4 key areas I will be discussing in the following slides. These are: - CAMERA SHOTS/ANGLES/FRAMING/COMPOSITION - EDIDITNG - SOUND - MISE-EN-SCENE
  • 3. Camera Shots, Angles, Framing and Composition
  • 4. Camera Shots Camera shots are used to show the different aspects such as where the film is set, the different characters and themes in the film. There are many types of Camera shots, I will be giving examples of these techniques in my techniques video. These are some camera shots: Extreme close ups – This magnifies an object or feature in the body Medium shot – this is when the shot captivates half the body of person Long shot – this is when there is a shot showing the full view of the person Extreme long shot – this is when the camera is positioned far from the person and shows them a full body shot. Establishing shot – this is when the shot allows a full landscape view of the setting.
  • 5. Zoom in and out – this is when a camera focuses on a point and either moves outs or moves in to focus on that object. Tilt – this is when a camera moves from down to up focusing on one object. Point of view shot – this is when you can see the POV of the main character (protagonist/ antagonist) Panning shot – this is when the camera moves from left to right focusing on an object Over the shoulder shot – is when a camera is focusing on a person or object over the shoulder of another person.
  • 6. Camera Angles Camera Angles are the point of views of the camera. It shows parts of the scene in different perspectives. High angle – the camera is positioned from a high point looking down at the character or object. Low angle – this is when the camera is positioned at a low point looking up at the character or object. Birds eye angle – this is when the camera is positioned directly over the character or object and looks down. Eye level – this is when the camera is positioned as if it is a human actually observing the scene.
  • 7. Composition Composition is how everything is organized within a frame, this includes the objects, actors and space. The frame needs to be positioned horizontally on a left right axis and vertically from bottom to top making sure that there is a balanced composition The space within the frame affects what the scene means and how people see this. Changing how the objects, actors and the background objects are place affect how the audience interprets the scene.
  • 8. Editing Editing is when you manipulate the clip to add effects to suit the genre, for example: the tempo can be slowed down or sped up to create a particular meaning for the scene. For example: in thriller films the tempo can be sped up of the scene to add tension and suspense, and the tempo can be slowed down in romance movies. The timing between the shot transitions can also be manipulated to fit in perfectly with the visual scene. This effect can make scenes show much more by emphasizing an event within the scene.
  • 9. Sound Sound plays an important role in determining the way the audience reacts to an image. There are two types of sound – Diegetic and NonDiegetic. Diegetic sound is the actual sound within that clip, it is the natural sounds such as characters dialogue, background noises, object sounds in the actual clip. Non-Diegetic sound is sound added on after, this is usually edited on. It can be a narrators voiceover, sound effects added to create a dramatic effect or to emphasize an image on screen or it can be mood music to set the tone of the film. The music in the scene sets the mood and atmosphere. For example: in romantic movies the music is slow, gentle and passionate to emphasize particular intimate scenes. And in thriller films the music is made to add suspense and drama.
  • 10. Mise-En-Scene Mise-En-Scene means ‘putting into the scene’ it refers to the lighting, props, characters, settings, acting, space, costumes and facial expressions within that particular frame. The setting refers to where the films action takes place. The setting can be real or imaginary places. They can also be near or specific places for example: Panic Room is a thriller which is set in New York, America. This setting is where the action of the film takes place. The casting is another part of Mise-En-Scene, it refers to the actors/actresses chosen to take part in the movie. A-list actors are a group of people who do not need to take part in auditions. TypeCasting is when a particular actor gets known for the specific role or character they play in movies. For example: Daniel Craig is associated to the James Bond character he plays. Costumes are really important in Mise-En-Scene, they give the audience an understanding of the time and place the movie is set in. They also give you an understanding of the characters social status and personal style. Props are objects that are used on stage by the actors. Props have a symbolic meaning in the film. Props are objects
  • 11. Thank you By Noor Sharif