Transactional Analysis <ul><li>Three Basic Concepts: Parent, Adult and Child </li></ul><ul><li>Transactions: Among P, A an...
Transactional  Basis <ul><li>Ego- Realistic Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Super-Ego- Ethical Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Id ...
The Three Ego States <ul><li>Child- “What shall I do?” </li></ul><ul><li>Adult- “I will be frank with you” </li></ul><ul><...
Combinations 1 <ul><li>Child-Realistic Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Child-Ethical Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Child-Pleasur...
Combinations 2 <ul><li>Parent-Realistic Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Parent-Ethical Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Parent-Plea...
Combinations 3 <ul><li>Adult-Realistic Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Adult-Ethical Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Adult-Pleasur...
We Are <ul><li>Child </li></ul><ul><li>Adult  </li></ul><ul><li>Parent in our Transactions.  </li></ul><ul><li>Biological ...
Shift in Ego States <ul><li>Parent- to Child: “Why don’t you prepare a time-table?”  </li></ul><ul><li>Child- to Parent: “...
Transactional Stimulus and Response <ul><li>The initiator of the transaction is called the transactional stimulus. </li></...
Types of Transactions <ul><li>Complementary Transactions : Appropriate and Expected Transactions indicating healthy human ...
Types of Transactions (Con..) <ul><li>Crossed Transaction : This causes most difficulties in social situations. </li></ul>...
Typical Games <ul><li>Between A shop keeper and a house wife: </li></ul><ul><li>“ This one is better, but you cannot affor...
How to Begin Transaction <ul><li>Good Morning –  start with salutation. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you read the News Paper tod...
Termination of transactions <ul><li>OK, See you later – time constraint </li></ul><ul><li>We shall discuss this later – po...
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  • Eric Berne M.D. Games People Play, Penguin Books, 1964
  • .transactional analysis

    1. 1. Transactional Analysis <ul><li>Three Basic Concepts: Parent, Adult and Child </li></ul><ul><li>Transactions: Among P, A and C </li></ul><ul><li>P < -- > P </li></ul><ul><li>A < -- > A </li></ul><ul><li>C < -- > C </li></ul><ul><li>There are 9 possible transactions </li></ul>
    2. 2. Transactional Basis <ul><li>Ego- Realistic Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Super-Ego- Ethical Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Id – Pleasure Principle </li></ul><ul><li>The above are the three principles of Interaction </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Three Ego States <ul><li>Child- “What shall I do?” </li></ul><ul><li>Adult- “I will be frank with you” </li></ul><ul><li>Parent- “Do as I do” </li></ul>
    4. 4. Combinations 1 <ul><li>Child-Realistic Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Child-Ethical Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Child-Pleasure Principle. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Combinations 2 <ul><li>Parent-Realistic Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Parent-Ethical Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Parent-Pleasure Principle. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Combinations 3 <ul><li>Adult-Realistic Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Adult-Ethical Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Adult-Pleasure Principle. </li></ul>
    7. 7. We Are <ul><li>Child </li></ul><ul><li>Adult </li></ul><ul><li>Parent in our Transactions. </li></ul><ul><li>Biological conditions are irrelevant to these ego states. </li></ul><ul><li>We shift from one ego state to another in transactions. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Shift in Ego States <ul><li>Parent- to Child: “Why don’t you prepare a time-table?” </li></ul><ul><li>Child- to Parent: “What is the point when one cannot follow it?” – Becomes an Adult. </li></ul><ul><li>Interviewer to Candidate: “Have you read this book?” Adult to Child. </li></ul><ul><li>Candidate to Interviewer: “No”, “But how can anyone read all books printed” Becomes a child. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Transactional Stimulus and Response <ul><li>The initiator of the transaction is called the transactional stimulus. </li></ul><ul><li>The response of the respondent is called transactional response. </li></ul><ul><li>The transactional response become again the transactional stimulus for next transactional response and so on. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Types of Transactions <ul><li>Complementary Transactions : Appropriate and Expected Transactions indicating healthy human relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication takes place when transactions are complementary. A stimulus invites a response; this response becomes a stimulus inviting further response and so on. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Types of Transactions (Con..) <ul><li>Crossed Transaction : This causes most difficulties in social situations. </li></ul><ul><li>“ May be, you should improve your teaching”. </li></ul><ul><li>“ You always find fault with me whatever I do” Parent-Child interaction. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Typical Games <ul><li>Between A shop keeper and a house wife: </li></ul><ul><li>“ This one is better, but you cannot afford it” </li></ul><ul><li>Between A Teacher and a Student: </li></ul><ul><li>“ This is a good topic, but you cannot handle it.” </li></ul><ul><li>Between an Expert and a Candidate: </li></ul><ul><li>“ What you just said is totally wrong” </li></ul>
    13. 13. How to Begin Transaction <ul><li>Good Morning – start with salutation. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you read the News Paper today? – start with a question. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a meeting today at 10.00 a.m. – start with some important information. </li></ul><ul><li>You are so handsome today! Start with a complement. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Termination of transactions <ul><li>OK, See you later – time constraint </li></ul><ul><li>We shall discuss this later – post pone the transaction. </li></ul><ul><li>I will get back to you later – promise to do something later. </li></ul><ul><li>I am already late – time constraint </li></ul><ul><li>You are right – give a sense of disinterest. </li></ul>
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