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  • Eric Berne M.D. Games People Play, Penguin Books, 1964

Transcript

  • 1. Transactional Analysis
    • Three Basic Concepts: Parent, Adult and Child
    • Transactions: Among P, A and C
    • P < -- > P
    • A < -- > A
    • C < -- > C
    • There are 9 possible transactions
  • 2. Transactional Basis
    • Ego- Realistic Principle
    • Super-Ego- Ethical Principle
    • Id – Pleasure Principle
    • The above are the three principles of Interaction
  • 3. The Three Ego States
    • Child- “What shall I do?”
    • Adult- “I will be frank with you”
    • Parent- “Do as I do”
  • 4. Combinations 1
    • Child-Realistic Principle
    • Child-Ethical Principle
    • Child-Pleasure Principle.
  • 5. Combinations 2
    • Parent-Realistic Principle
    • Parent-Ethical Principle
    • Parent-Pleasure Principle.
  • 6. Combinations 3
    • Adult-Realistic Principle
    • Adult-Ethical Principle
    • Adult-Pleasure Principle.
  • 7. We Are
    • Child
    • Adult
    • Parent in our Transactions.
    • Biological conditions are irrelevant to these ego states.
    • We shift from one ego state to another in transactions.
  • 8. Shift in Ego States
    • Parent- to Child: “Why don’t you prepare a time-table?”
    • Child- to Parent: “What is the point when one cannot follow it?” – Becomes an Adult.
    • Interviewer to Candidate: “Have you read this book?” Adult to Child.
    • Candidate to Interviewer: “No”, “But how can anyone read all books printed” Becomes a child.
  • 9. Transactional Stimulus and Response
    • The initiator of the transaction is called the transactional stimulus.
    • The response of the respondent is called transactional response.
    • The transactional response become again the transactional stimulus for next transactional response and so on.
  • 10. Types of Transactions
    • Complementary Transactions : Appropriate and Expected Transactions indicating healthy human relationships.
    • Communication takes place when transactions are complementary. A stimulus invites a response; this response becomes a stimulus inviting further response and so on.
  • 11. Types of Transactions (Con..)
    • Crossed Transaction : This causes most difficulties in social situations.
    • “ May be, you should improve your teaching”.
    • “ You always find fault with me whatever I do” Parent-Child interaction.
  • 12. Typical Games
    • Between A shop keeper and a house wife:
    • “ This one is better, but you cannot afford it”
    • Between A Teacher and a Student:
    • “ This is a good topic, but you cannot handle it.”
    • Between an Expert and a Candidate:
    • “ What you just said is totally wrong”
  • 13. How to Begin Transaction
    • Good Morning – start with salutation.
    • Have you read the News Paper today? – start with a question.
    • There is a meeting today at 10.00 a.m. – start with some important information.
    • You are so handsome today! Start with a complement.
  • 14. Termination of transactions
    • OK, See you later – time constraint
    • We shall discuss this later – post pone the transaction.
    • I will get back to you later – promise to do something later.
    • I am already late – time constraint
    • You are right – give a sense of disinterest.