Narrative and Film Theory Research Ina Francia Bayson
Difference betweenNarrative and Story Narrative The way the scenes in a film are put together. Story It is the plot of the film, and what will happen.
What is Narrative andthe different types of it Narrative- it is how the story was put together. Some types of narratives: Science fiction Horror
Tvzetan Todorov Born: 1 st March, 1939 in Bulgaria Lived in France in 1963 with family Writes books and essays about culture theory literary theory thought theory
Tvzetan TodorovNarrative Structure His narrative theory is the 3-part Structure which are: Equilibrium- everything is balanced. Disequilibrium- unbalanced, e.g. conflict. New Equilibrium- the unbalanced is resolved and now balanced. Equilibrium Disequilibrium New Equilibrium
Example 1: Black Swan Equilibrium Disequilibrium New EquilibriumDreaming of being Close up of her Close up of her dancingthe White Swan getting paranoid as the White Swan Long shot of her asLong shot of them the black swanpracticing
Example 2: Amnesia GirlEquilibrium Disequilibrium New Equilibrium Having all her She told him that she birthdays was faking that she don’t know him Both getting backShe’s telling him a together Her crying as shestory of her past that told him the truthher friend told her(she lost her memory)
Claude Levi-Strauss Born: 28 th November, 1908 Died: 30 th October 2009 Studies Humanity (French Anthropologist) and analyses religion, technology, origin, etc. of the humanity (ethnologist)
Claude Levi-StraussNarrative Conflict Theory of Binary Opposition Everything have opposites and it balanced it out in the end. Narrative driven by conflict are caused by the series of opposing forces. Good and Evil Strength and Binary Weakness Opposition Light and Dark
Example 1: Harry Potterand the Philosophers StoneWhen the Cerberus woke up Close up of stopping theand found man from struggling himHarry, Hermione, Ron openingthe door he’s guarding Voldemort’s spirit angry as he is defeated Mid shot of Harry tries to escape The man used by but fire stopped him Voldemort turning into ash when Harry touch him (mid shot)
Vladimir Propp Born: 17 th April, 1895 Died: 22 nd August 1970 Analyses the plot of folk tales He is a Russian and Soviet Formalist Scholar in Literature.
Vladimir Propp’s FilmTheory He is a character theorist. Suggest that there are 7 types of characters can be in the narrative. Character Role Hero The lead role. Villain The person who gives a negative effect on the film. Heroine The centre figure of the film. Helper Sidekick Donor Gives clue/power to the hero Mentor Guides the hero Father Gives award to the hero.
Erving Goffman’sCharacter Theory His theory suggests that there are 4 main types of character in a narrative/production. Character Role Protagonist Leading character- events of the plot revolve with Deuteragonist Secondary character- may be with or against the lead role The bit player Minor character that audiences wasn’t aware of their background The fool Uses humour to send out messages
Example 1: Kick AssMain character-Kick Ass Secondary character- helping Kick AssBad guys going to attack