Industrial revolutionthe rapid development of industry that started in Britain and America in the late 18thand 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery. It wascharacterized by the use of steam power, the growth of factories, and the massproduction of manufactured goods.
urbanization• It is the physical growth of rural or natural land into urban areas as a result of population im-migration to an existing urban area.• an industry where people work out of their own homes, instead of leaving their houses to go work in a factory or an office for the day.• There was a migration of people from rural to urban during the Industrial Revolution.
Agricultural Industry• People figured that if you could be so productive with food you can apply it to other jobs.• Other people could make more food than they need and sell it• The successive planting of different crops on the same land to improve soil fertility and help control insects
Textiles• textiles had a huge impact on the industrial revolution• they were the original commodity.• The cotton gin helped with textiles, made by Eli Whitney
Steam engines• Improved by james watt• Made by thomas savery• 1698• It provided fast travel with little work
Bessemer Process• In the Bessemer process, air is blown through liquiﬁed metal because the oxygen combines chemically with carbon and other impurities and burns them out of the liquid metal. Then the puriﬁed molten metal can be poured into molds.• Henry Bessemer• It made metals pure and strong.
Pasteurization• Louis Pasteur was a French chemist• Something that prevents milk and wine from causing illnesses• beverages were safe
Thomas Edison• He invented the the lightbulb, phonograph and the kinetoscope• He had 1093 patents!• Anything that wont sell, I dont want to invent. Its sale is proof of utility, and utility is success.
romanticism• Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement that originated in the late 1800’s and stressed strong emotion, imagination, freedom from classical correctness in art forms, and rebellion against social conventions.• People wanted to start thinking out side of the box on everything just like the industrial revolution, but in different categories.• John Keats and taylor Coleridge