Usa Political System

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Usa Political System

  1. 1. Political System The USA “ America the Beautiful” Performed by Margi Harrell .
  2. 3. American Constitution
  3. 4. Constitution of the United States of America. The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United Sta t es of America. It was completed on September 17, 1787, with its adoption by the Constitutional Convention in Philadalphia, Pennsylvania, and was later ratified by special conventions in each of the original thirteen states. It created a more unified and defined government in place of what was then a group of free and independent states operating under the Articals of Conf e deration. It took effect in 1789 and has served as a model for the constitutions of numerous other nations. The original transcribed copy of the Constitution is on permanent display at the National Archives in W ashington, D.C.
  4. 5. The Original Text of the Constitution. September 17, 1787, adoption of the Constitution by the Constitutional Convention in Philadalphia Pennsylvania.
  5. 7. Father of the American Constitution. Jefferson’s Memorial.
  6. 8. <ul><li>Although the Constitution has been amended several times since it was first adopted, its basic principles remain the same now as in 1789. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three branches of the national government—executive, legislative, and judicial—and they are separate and distinct from one another. The powers given to each are in theory balanced and checked by the powers of the other two. Each branch ideally serves as a check on potential excesses of the others. This is known as “separation of powers&quot;, and was partly taken from the ideas of the Baron De Montesquieu. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Article I. Legislative Body. Section 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
  8. 10. The House of Representatives <ul><li>Section. 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Committees <ul><li>C ommittee on Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Appropriations </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Armed Services </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on the Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Education and the Workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Energy and Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Financial Services </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Government Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Homeland Security </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on House Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on International Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on the Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Science </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Small Business </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Standards of Official Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Veterans' Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Committee on Ways and Means </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Economic Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Committee on Printing </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Committee on Taxation </li></ul><ul><li>House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence </li></ul>
  10. 12. The Senate <ul><li>Section. 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from </li></ul><ul><li>each State, chosen by the Legislature </li></ul><ul><li>thereof for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. </li></ul>
  11. 14. The Capitol
  12. 15. Article. II. Executive Power. <ul><li>Section. 1. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows: Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector. </li></ul>
  13. 16. 42 President of the United States of America George Bush junior.
  14. 17. Flag of the President of the United States of America.
  15. 18. The White House
  16. 19. The White House
  17. 20. Vice President Dick Cheney USA Vice President
  18. 22. State Secretary Condoleezza Rice
  19. 24. Article. III. <ul><li>Section. 1. The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office. </li></ul>
  20. 25. President Cabinet Executive Power House of Representatives Senate Legislative Body Supreme Court Other Federal Courts Judicial Power Appointment of judicial power must be approved by the Senate The Court can declare the laws non constitutional President can prohibit the laws adopted by the Congress. Congress can pass a law, if it has 2|3 voices The Court can declare President’s actions non constitutional The President appoints Federal Judges. Division of Powers
  21. 26. The Supreme Court
  22. 27. Symbols of the USA
  23. 28. The National Flag Stars and Stripes Thirteen Stripes - the original number of English Colonies on the eastern coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Fifty Stars – the present number of States.
  24. 29. The Coat of Arms The Bald Eagle
  25. 30. The Coat of Arms and the Great Seal of the President of the USA.
  26. 31. The National Anthem. The Star-Spangled Banner <ul><li>Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous fight' O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming. And the rockets red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. Oh, say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? </li></ul><ul><li>Written by Francis Scott Key on September 14th,1814. </li></ul>
  27. 32. “ One day some of the other teachers and I decided to go on a trip to 14,000-foot Pikes Peak. We hired a prairie wagon. Near the top we had to leave the wagon and go the rest of the way on mules. I was very tired. But when I saw the view, I felt great joy. All the wonder of America seemed displayed there, with the sea-like expanse.”
  28. 33. America the Beautiful Words by Katherine Lee Bales Music by Samuel Ward
  29. 34. O beautiful for spacious skies, For amber waves of grain, For purple mountain majesties Above the fruited plain! America! America! God shed his grace on thee And crown thy good with brotherhood From sea to shining sea!
  30. 35. O beautiful for pilgrim feet Whose stern, impassioned stress A thoroughfare for freedom beat Across the wilderness! America! America! God mend thine every flaw, Confirm thy soul in self-control, Thy liberty in law!
  31. 36. O beautiful for heroes proved In liberating strife. Who more than self the country loved And mercy more than life! America! America! May God thy gold refine Till all success be nobleness And every gain divine!
  32. 37. O beautiful for patriot dream That sees beyond the years Thine alabaster cities gleam Undimmed by human tears! America! America! God shed his grace on thee And crown thy good with brotherhood From sea to shining sea!
  33. 38. O beautiful for halcyon skies, For amber waves of grain, For purple mountain majesties Above the enameled plain! America! America! God shed his grace on thee Till souls wax fair as earth and air And music-hearted sea!
  34. 39. O beautiful for pilgrims feet, Whose stern impassioned stress A thoroughfare for freedom beat Across the wilderness! America ! America ! God shed his grace on thee Till paths be wrought through wilds of thought By pilgrim foot and knee!
  35. 40. O beautiful for glory-tale Of liberating strife When once and twice, for man's avail Men lavished precious life ! America! America! God shed his grace on thee Till selfish gain no longer stain The banner of the free!
  36. 41. O beautiful for patriot dream That sees beyond the years Thine alabaster cities gleam Undimmed by human tears! America! America! God shed his grace on thee Till nobler men keep once again Thy whiter jubilee!

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