Past Perfect  Tense back menu next
Глаголы в английском языке бывают правильные – regular   и неправильные - irregular <ul><li>Правильные глаголы образуют пр...
Неправильные глаголы.   Irregular Verbs. <ul><li>Go –went - gone </li></ul><ul><li>Take-took – taken </li></ul><ul><li>Hav...
Образование  Past Perfect Tense back menu next Had + Past Participle (3  форма глагола) Regular Verbs Had  opened  Had  pl...
When we use Past Perfect Tense <ul><li>Действие произошло до какого-то определенного момента   в прошлом, или же два дейст...
Learn the Grammar Rule: <ul><li>Past Perfect ( I had done ) - это прошедшее время от Present Perfect ( I have done ). </li...
Выучи спряжение глаголов в  Present Perfect Tense: <ul><li>I  had played  football. </li></ul><ul><li>You  had played  foo...
Study the Following Examples <ul><li>He had already fixed his TV set before I came.  </li></ul><ul><li>They had returned f...
Interrogative Sentences in  Past Perfect Tense back menu next I  had finished  reading the book. I Had finished  reading t...
Отрицательная форма Negative Form <ul><li>had not = hadn’t </li></ul><ul><li>I  hadn’t gone  to school </li></ul><ul><li>Y...
Have Some Practice This witch  was cooking   broth at six o’clock. And this witch  had  already  cooked   broth by 7 o’clo...
back menu next This pair   was dancing   when I saw them at the party. And this pair   had  already  stopped   dancing bef...
This Pirate   was dancing   jig when the captain saw him. And this Pirate   had  already   danced   jig before the time th...
This group   was dancing  cancan  when I entered the hall. And this group   had  already  danced   cancan before  I entere...
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Past Perfect Tense

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Past Perfect Tense

  1. 1. Past Perfect Tense back menu next
  2. 2. Глаголы в английском языке бывают правильные – regular и неправильные - irregular <ul><li>Правильные глаголы образуют прошедшее время с помощью окончания “ed”, ( V + ed ), </li></ul><ul><li>которое читается как: </li></ul><ul><li>[ d ] – после гласных и звонких согласных </li></ul><ul><li>play- play ed , open-open ed , close –clos ed </li></ul><ul><li>[ t ] – после глухих и шипящих согласных </li></ul><ul><li>wash- wash ed , stop- stopp ed , ask - ask ed </li></ul><ul><li>[ id ] - после глаголов, оканчивающихся на [ d ] и [ t ]. </li></ul><ul><li>want –want ed , plant- plant ed , translate – translat ed , need - need ed </li></ul>back menu next
  3. 3. Неправильные глаголы. Irregular Verbs. <ul><li>Go –went - gone </li></ul><ul><li>Take-took – taken </li></ul><ul><li>Have – had – had </li></ul><ul><li>See – saw – seen </li></ul><ul><li>Do – did – done </li></ul><ul><li>Bring – brought – brought </li></ul><ul><li>Run – ran – run </li></ul><ul><li>Put- -put – put </li></ul><ul><li>Find- found – found </li></ul><ul><li>Write -wrote-written </li></ul><ul><li>Catch- caught- caught </li></ul><ul><li>Learn- learnt- learnt </li></ul><ul><li>Teach – taught- taught </li></ul><ul><li>Buy – bought- bought </li></ul>Неправильные глаголы изменяют свою форму . back menu next
  4. 4. Образование Past Perfect Tense back menu next Had + Past Participle (3 форма глагола) Regular Verbs Had opened Had played Had closed Had painted Had reached Irregular Verbs Had been Had seen Had gone Had come Had brought
  5. 5. When we use Past Perfect Tense <ul><li>Действие произошло до какого-то определенного момента в прошлом, или же два действия произошли в прошлом, но одно свершилось раньше другого. </li></ul><ul><li>Пример: </li></ul><ul><li>К 5 часам он уже закончил работу. </li></ul><ul><li>By 5 o’clock he had already finished the work. </li></ul><ul><li>К тому времени они уже достигли деревни. </li></ul><ul><li>By that time they had already reached the village. </li></ul><ul><li>Пассажир пришел на вокзал, когда поезд уже ушел. </li></ul><ul><li>The passenger came to the railway station when the train had already gone. </li></ul><ul><li>Когда я приехал в Москву, мой друг уже уехал в Петербург. </li></ul><ul><li>When I came to Moscow my friend had already left for St. Petersburg. </li></ul>back menu next
  6. 6. Learn the Grammar Rule: <ul><li>Past Perfect ( I had done ) - это прошедшее время от Present Perfect ( I have done ). </li></ul><ul><li>Cравните: </li></ul><ul><li>Present Past </li></ul><ul><li>I'm not hungry. I wasn't hungry. </li></ul><ul><li>I've just had lunch. I'd just had lunch. </li></ul><ul><li>The house is dirty. We haven't The house was dirty. We hadn't </li></ul><ul><li>cleaned it for weeks. cleaned it for weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Сравните Past Perfect и Past Simple: </li></ul><ul><li>- Was Mary ready to go to the cinema when you came to her? </li></ul><ul><li>- Yes, she had been ready by the moment. </li></ul><ul><li>- Jack wasn't in when I phoned him. He was in his office. </li></ul><ul><li>- Jack had just got home when I phoned him. He had been in his office. </li></ul>back menu next
  7. 7. Выучи спряжение глаголов в Present Perfect Tense: <ul><li>I had played football. </li></ul><ul><li>You had played football. </li></ul><ul><li>He had played football. </li></ul><ul><li>She had played football. </li></ul><ul><li>We had played football. </li></ul><ul><li>You had played football. </li></ul><ul><li>They had played football. </li></ul>back menu next
  8. 8. Study the Following Examples <ul><li>He had already fixed his TV set before I came. </li></ul><ul><li>They had returned from New York before September 11. </li></ul><ul><li>We reached the port by the evening. </li></ul><ul><li>By this time yesterday he finished reading the book. </li></ul><ul><li>When I came to Sochi they have left for Moscow. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of June he had paid all his debts. </li></ul><ul><li>They had discussed all the problems before he came. </li></ul><ul><li>When he came to the airport the plane had already started off. </li></ul><ul><li>He already learnt to drive the car before they bought a new one. </li></ul><ul><li>We have already be hungry before lunch was ready. </li></ul><ul><li>He had already played football before it began to rain. </li></ul>back menu next right wrong
  9. 9. Interrogative Sentences in Past Perfect Tense back menu next I had finished reading the book. I Had finished reading the book ? Yes, I had No, I hadn’t Yes, you had No, you hadn’t
  10. 10. Отрицательная форма Negative Form <ul><li>had not = hadn’t </li></ul><ul><li>I hadn’t gone to school </li></ul><ul><li>You hadn’t gone to school </li></ul><ul><li>He hadn’t gone to school </li></ul><ul><li>She hadn’t gone to school </li></ul><ul><li>It hadn’t gone to school </li></ul><ul><li>We hadn’t gone to school </li></ul><ul><li>You hadn’t gone to school </li></ul><ul><li>They hadn’t gone to school </li></ul>back menu next
  11. 11. Have Some Practice This witch was cooking broth at six o’clock. And this witch had already cooked broth by 7 o’clock. back menu next 18-57
  12. 12. back menu next This pair was dancing when I saw them at the party. And this pair had already stopped dancing before I saw them.
  13. 13. This Pirate was dancing jig when the captain saw him. And this Pirate had already danced jig before the time the captain saw him . back menu next
  14. 14. This group was dancing cancan when I entered the hall. And this group had already danced cancan before I entered the hall. back menu next
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