Passive Voice

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Passive Voice

  1. 1. Passive Voice back menu next
  2. 2. Глаголы в английском языке бывают правильные – regular и неправильные - irregular <ul><li>Правильные глаголы образуют прошедшее время с помощью окончания “ed”, ( V + ed ), </li></ul><ul><li>которое читается как: </li></ul><ul><li>[ d ] – после гласных и звонких согласных </li></ul><ul><li>play- play ed , open-open ed , close –clos ed </li></ul><ul><li>[ t ] – после глухих и шипящих согласных </li></ul><ul><li>wash- wash ed , stop- stopp ed , ask - ask ed </li></ul><ul><li>[ id ] - после глаголов, оканчивающихся на [ d ] и [ t ]. </li></ul><ul><li>want –want ed , plant- plant ed , translate – translat ed , need - need ed </li></ul>back menu next
  3. 3. Неправильные глаголы. Irregular Verbs. <ul><li>Go –went - gone </li></ul><ul><li>Take-took – taken </li></ul><ul><li>Have – had – had </li></ul><ul><li>See – saw – seen </li></ul><ul><li>Do – did – done </li></ul><ul><li>Bring – brought – brought </li></ul><ul><li>Run – ran – run </li></ul><ul><li>Put- -put – put </li></ul><ul><li>Find- found – found </li></ul><ul><li>Write -wrote-written </li></ul><ul><li>Catch- caught- caught </li></ul><ul><li>Learn- learnt- learnt </li></ul><ul><li>Teach – taught- taught </li></ul><ul><li>Buy – bought- bought </li></ul>Неправильные глаголы изменяют свою форму . back menu next
  4. 4. Что такое Passive Vice? <ul><li>В английском языке глаголы могут иметь два залога: действительный ( the Active Voice ) и страдательный ( the Passive Voice ). </li></ul><ul><li>Глагол в действительном залоге показывает, что действие выполняется, совершается лицом или предметом, обозначенным подлежащим. </li></ul><ul><li>Глагол в страдательном залоге показывает, что действие происходит над лицом или предметом, обозначенным подлежащим. </li></ul><ul><li>Примеры действительного залога: </li></ul><ul><li>Я обычно читаю книгу по вечерам. </li></ul><ul><li>I usually read the book in the evening. </li></ul><ul><li>Я обычно объясняю правило дважды. </li></ul><ul><li>I usually explain the grammar rule twice. </li></ul><ul><li>Примеры страдательного залога: </li></ul><ul><li>Книга обычно читается мною вечерами. </li></ul><ul><li>The book is usually read by me in the evening. </li></ul><ul><li>Правило обычно объясняется дважды. </li></ul><ul><li>the grammar rule is usually explained twice. </li></ul>back menu next
  5. 5. Образование Passive Voice : To be am is are + past participle ( V+ed, 3 form of the verb) Regular Verbs Am ( is, are) opened Am ( is, are) played Am ( is, are) closed Am ( is, are) painted Am ( is, are) reached Irregular Verbs Am (is, are) been Am (is, are) seen Am (is, are) gone Am (is, are) come Am (is, are) brought back menu next
  6. 6. Use of Passive Voice <ul><li>Его просят к телефону. </li></ul><ul><li>He is wanted to the phone. </li></ul><ul><li>Газеты приносят утром. </li></ul><ul><li>The newspapers are brought in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Стены выкрашены в голубой цвет. </li></ul><ul><li>The walls are painted blue. </li></ul><ul><li>Книги продаются в книжном магазине. </li></ul><ul><li>The books are sold at the bookshop. </li></ul><ul><li>Если кто-нибудь болен, то посылают за доктором. </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor is usually sent for if anyone is ill. </li></ul>back menu next
  7. 7. Forms of Passive Voice in Indefinite Tenses <ul><li>Present Indefinite: am, is, are + Participle II. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m asked We are asked </li></ul><ul><li>You are asked You are asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) is asked They are asked </li></ul><ul><li>Past Indefinite: was/ were + Participle II. </li></ul><ul><li>I was asked We were asked </li></ul><ul><li>You were asked You were asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, t) was asked they were asked </li></ul><ul><li>Future indefinite: shall/will be + Participle II. </li></ul><ul><li>I shall be asked We shall be asked </li></ul><ul><li>You will be asked You will be asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) will be asked They will be asked </li></ul>back menu next
  8. 8. Forms of Passive Voice in Present Indefinite Present Indefinite: am, is, are + Participle II. I asked Are You asked Is He She It asked Are You asked Are We asked Are They asked ? ? ? ? ? ? Interrogative. Negative <ul><li>I am not asked . We aren’t asked . </li></ul><ul><li>You aren’t asked . You aren’t asked . </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) isn’t asked . They aren’t asked . </li></ul>back menu next Am
  9. 9. Forms of Passive Voice in Past Indefinite Past Indefinite: was/were + Participle II. Was I asked Were You asked Was He She It asked Were You asked Were We asked Were They asked ? ? ? ? ? ? Interrogative. Negative <ul><li>I was not asked . We weren’t asked . </li></ul><ul><li>You weren’t asked. You weren’t asked . </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) wasn’t asked . They weren’t asked . </li></ul>back menu next
  10. 10. Forms of Passive Voice in Future Indefinite Future Indefinite: Shall/will be + Participle II. I be asked Will You be asked Will He She It Shall You be asked Will We be asked Will They be asked ? ? ? ? ? Interrogative. Negative <ul><li>I was not asked . We weren’t asked . </li></ul><ul><li>You weren’t asked. You weren’t asked . </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) wasn’t asked . They weren’t asked . </li></ul>be asked ? back menu next Shall
  11. 11. Passive Voice in Present Progressive Tense <ul><li>Present Progressive Affirmative. </li></ul><ul><li>am </li></ul><ul><li>To be is + being + Participle II </li></ul><ul><li>are </li></ul><ul><li>В данный момент газета печатается в типографии. </li></ul><ul><li>At present the newspaper is being printed in the </li></ul><ul><li>printing house. </li></ul><ul><li>Эта тема обсуждается сейчас на конференции. </li></ul><ul><li>This topic is being discussed at the conference now. </li></ul><ul><li>Этот фильм показывают по телевизору сейчас. </li></ul><ul><li>This film is being shown on TV now. </li></ul>back menu next
  12. 12. Passive Voice in Present Progressive Tense <ul><li>I am being asked We are being asked </li></ul><ul><li>You are being asked You are being asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) is being asked They are being asked </li></ul>back menu next Interrogative form I Am being asked ? You Are being asked He Is being asked We Are being asked You Are being asked They Are being asked ? ? ? ? ?
  13. 13. Passive Voice in Present Progressive Tense <ul><li>I am not being asked We are not being asked </li></ul><ul><li>You are not being asked You are not being asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) is not being asked They are not being asked </li></ul>back menu next Negative: to be + not + being + participle I
  14. 14. Passive Voice in Past Progressive Tense <ul><li>Past Progressive Affirmative. </li></ul><ul><li>Was/were + being + Participle II </li></ul><ul><li>В тот момент газета печаталась в типографии. </li></ul><ul><li>At that moment the newspaper was being printed in the </li></ul><ul><li>printing house. </li></ul><ul><li>Эта тема обсуждалась на конференции, когда мы </li></ul><ul><li>вошли в зал. </li></ul><ul><li>This topic was being discussed at the conference when we entered the assembly hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Этот фильм показывали по телевизору, когда позвонил мой </li></ul><ul><li>друг. </li></ul><ul><li>This film was being shown on TV when my friend rang me up. </li></ul>back menu next
  15. 15. Passive Voice in Past Progressive Tense <ul><li>I was being asked We were being asked </li></ul><ul><li>You were being asked You were being asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) was being asked They were being asked </li></ul>back menu next Interrogative form I Was being asked ? You Were being asked He Was being asked We Were being asked You Were being asked They Were being asked ? ? ? ? ?
  16. 16. Passive Voice in Past Progressive Tense <ul><li>I was not being asked We were not being asked </li></ul><ul><li>You were not being asked You were not being asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) was not being asked They were not being asked </li></ul>back menu next Negative: to be + not + being + participle I Passive Voice is not used with Future Progressive Tense! NB !
  17. 17. Passive Voice in Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>Present Perfect Affirmative. </li></ul><ul><li>Have </li></ul><ul><li>+ been + Participle II </li></ul><ul><li>Has </li></ul><ul><li>Газету только что отпечатали в типографии. </li></ul><ul><li>The newspaper has just been printed in the printing house. </li></ul><ul><li>Эту тему уже обсудили на конференции. </li></ul><ul><li>This topic has already been discussed at the conference. </li></ul><ul><li>Этот фильм еще не показывали по телевизору. </li></ul><ul><li>This film hasn’t been shown on TV yet. </li></ul><ul><li>За доктором только что послали. </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor has just been sent for. </li></ul>back menu next
  18. 18. Passive Voice in Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>I have been asked We have been asked </li></ul><ul><li>You have been asked You have been asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) has been asked They have been asked </li></ul>back menu next Interrogative form I Have been asked ? You Have been asked He Has been asked We Have been asked You Have been asked They Have been asked ? ? ? ? ?
  19. 19. Passive Voice in Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>I haven’t been asked We haven’t been asked </li></ul><ul><li>You haven’t been asked You haven’t been asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) hasn’t been asked They haven’t been asked </li></ul>back menu next Negative: have/has not + Participle II
  20. 20. Passive Voice in Past Perfect Tense <ul><li>Past Perfect Affirmative. </li></ul><ul><li>had + been + Participle II </li></ul><ul><li>Газету уже отпечатали в типографии к 6 часам. </li></ul><ul><li>The newspaper had already been printed in the printing house by 6 </li></ul><ul><li>o’clock.. </li></ul><ul><li>Эту тему уже обсудили на конференции, когда мы вошли. </li></ul><ul><li>This topic had already been discussed at the conference when we </li></ul><ul><li>entered the hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Этот фильм уже показали по телевизору, когда я решил его </li></ul><ul><li>посмотреть. </li></ul><ul><li>This film had already been shown on TV when I decided to see it. </li></ul><ul><li>За доктором уже послали, прежде чем приехала полиция. </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor had been sent for before the police arrived. </li></ul>back menu next
  21. 21. Passive Voice in Past Perfect Tense <ul><li>I had been asked We had been asked </li></ul><ul><li>You had been asked You had been asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) had been asked They had been asked </li></ul>back menu next Interrogative form I Had been asked ? You Had been asked He Had been asked We Had been asked You Had been asked They Had been asked ? ? ? ? ?
  22. 22. Passive Voice in Past Perfect Tense <ul><li>I hadn’t been asked We hadn’t been asked </li></ul><ul><li>You hadn’t been asked You hadn’t been asked </li></ul><ul><li>He (she, it) hadn’t been asked They hadn’t been asked </li></ul>back menu next Negative: had not + Participle II
  23. 23. Passive Voice in Future Perfect Tense <ul><li>Future Perfect Affirmative. </li></ul><ul><li>Shall/will have + been + Participle II </li></ul><ul><li>Газету уже отпечатают в типографии к 6 часам утра. </li></ul><ul><li>The newspaper will have already been printed in the printing house </li></ul><ul><li>by 6 o’clock in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Эту тему уже обсудят на конференции, прежде чем мы придем. </li></ul><ul><li>This topic will have already been discussed at the conference before </li></ul><ul><li>we enter the hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Этот фильм уже покажут по телевизору, прежде чем я вернусь </li></ul><ul><li>домой. </li></ul><ul><li>This film will have already been shown on TV before I come back </li></ul><ul><li>home. </li></ul><ul><li>За доктором уже пошлют, прежде чем приедет полиция. </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor will have been sent for before the police arrives. </li></ul>back menu next
  24. 24. Passive Voice in Future Perfect Tense <ul><li>I shall have been asked We shall have been asked </li></ul><ul><li>You will have been asked You will have been asked </li></ul><ul><li>He will have been asked They will have been asked </li></ul><ul><li>She, it …. </li></ul>back menu next Interrogative form I Will have been asked ? You Will have been asked He Will have been asked We Will have been asked You Will have been asked They Will have been asked ? ? ? ? ?
  25. 25. NB! Passive Voice is not used with Perfect Progressive Tenses! back menu next

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