Our City on the Coast of the Caspian Sea <ul><li>Makhachkala is the capital of Dagestan, as well as its political, administrative and cultural center. It is situated on the coast of the Caspian Sea, at the foot of Tarkitau mountain well as its political, administrative and cultural center. It is situated on the coast of the Caspian Sea, at the foot of Tarkitau mountain </li></ul>
<ul><li>It was founded in 1844 as a Russian fortress and became a town in 1857. Until 1922 it bore the name of Port- Petrovsk in honor of Peter the Great, who visited the region during his Persian campaign in 1722. In 1922 Port –Petrovsk was renamed Makhatchkala after Makhach Dakhadayev, a revolutionary </li></ul>Monument to Makhach Dakhadayev
The history of the City Began with The Construction of this Lighthouse.
<ul><li>Makhachkala grew quickly after the earthquake of 1970, which greatly damaged the city. Nearly all the republics of the former Soviet Union took part in restoring of our capital and making it more beautiful. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Today Makhachkala is a big industrial city with the population of over 500,000 people. There are dozens of industrial enterprises, including several machine building plants. The biggest of them is the Magomed Gadzhiyev plant. Among other important enterprises of the city are: a cotton – spinning mill, an electric equipment plant, a chemical plant, a glass- fibers plant, a radio wares plant, a furniture factory, loaf-baking and confectionary combine, a ship –repairing yard, a fish canning combine and many others. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Makhachkala is the largest educational, scientific and cultural center in Dagestan. Apart from sixty general, technical and vocational schools, there are several colleges and six institutions of higher education in the city. Dagestan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Science with its research institutes and departments is also in Makhachkala. </li></ul>
The New Building of the Boarding School for the Deaf Children
<ul><li>Most of the cultural establishments in the republic are also concentrated here. The city has five professional theatres, several cinemas, a philharmonic society, a TV –center, many libraries and clubs, recreation parks and stadiums, which are used for various popular festivities and other large- scale cultural and enlightenment activities. There are other places of interest here, such as the Amalgamated Museum of History and Architecture, the Museum of Fine Arts, which possess a great number of exhibits on history, culture and the arts of the republic. There are many monuments in the city too. </li></ul>