Kumukh. The Place Where the God Opened the Bag with  L anguages. Mikhail Nokhov. Gymnasium # 1 Khasavyurt
Maps of the Village
Flag of the Kumukh People
<ul><li>Kumukh is the administrative centre of the Lak region and one of the oldest villages in Dagestan.  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Kumukh is the centre of Laksky district, former residence of Kazikumukh khans and the main centre of the Laks nati...
<ul><li>The cemetery of the khans is nearby. Kumukh was once famous for its copperware (pitchers, pots, etc.), sold all ov...
<ul><li>The early history of the Lak people is unclear; however, as noted above, they have lived in Dagestan since at leas...
Monuments at the Cemetery, VII Century
<ul><li>The final conversion probably took place in the thirteenth century, with some pagan and Christian traditions survi...
 
Lak women in their National Costumes.
<ul><li>In the fourteenth century the rulers of Kazikumukh adopted the title &quot;shamkhal&quot; (supposedly derived from...
<ul><li>With the death of the last Kazikumukh khan, Agalar, the Lak territory was formally incorporated into the Russian E...
<ul><li>The native Dagestan (including the Lak) aristocracy was deposed. At this time there was also a significant Sufi  m...
 
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Kumukh

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Famous Villages of Dagestan

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Kumukh

  1. 1. Kumukh. The Place Where the God Opened the Bag with L anguages. Mikhail Nokhov. Gymnasium # 1 Khasavyurt
  2. 2. Maps of the Village
  3. 3. Flag of the Kumukh People
  4. 4. <ul><li>Kumukh is the administrative centre of the Lak region and one of the oldest villages in Dagestan. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Kumukh is the centre of Laksky district, former residence of Kazikumukh khans and the main centre of the Laks nation, formerly called Kazikumukhs. In the centre of the village, there is a juma mosque (Friday mosque) erected in the 8th century, with walls decorated with flower patterns. Near the mosque, there is a minaret erected in 1865, when the last Kumukh khans reigned here; the minaret can be seen from many places in Kumukh. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The cemetery of the khans is nearby. Kumukh was once famous for its copperware (pitchers, pots, etc.), sold all over Dagestan. Many jewelers who lived in Kumukh, later emigrated to Tiflis (currently Tbilisi), Baku, Kutaisi, Vladikavkaz, Istanbul, Baghdad, and even to Addis Abeba in Ethiopia. Thursday is a market day in Kumukh; in a bazaar you can get almost everything, from a watermelon to a donkey </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The early history of the Lak people is unclear; however, as noted above, they have lived in Dagestan since at least the Bronze Age. Although Christianity had been introduced by Armenians and Georgians starting in the sixth century, in 777, according to legend, the Laks were conquered by the Arabs under the leadership of Abu-Muslim. Islam was introduced among the Laks at that time, making them reputedly the first people of Daghestan to encounter Islam. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Monuments at the Cemetery, VII Century
  9. 9. <ul><li>The final conversion probably took place in the thirteenth century, with some pagan and Christian traditions surviving until the fifteenth century. According to legend, Shah Baala was the first Muslim ruler of all of Dagestan; he was the founder of the Shamkhal dynasty, which reigned at Kumukh until the seventeenth century. He renamed the village of Kumukh &quot;Kazikumukh&quot; (Qazi Kumukh or Ghazi Kumukh). </li></ul>
  10. 11. Lak women in their National Costumes.
  11. 12. <ul><li>In the fourteenth century the rulers of Kazikumukh adopted the title &quot;shamkhal&quot; (supposedly derived from &quot;Sham,&quot; meaning Syria, suggesting descent from former Arab rulers). During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, at the time when the Shamkhals ruled a large part of central and coastal Dagestan, a second capital, which also served as a winter residence, was established at Tarki in the Kumyk territory. In 1640 the Laks broke away from the rule of the shamkhalate, replacing it with appointed khakhlavai (from the Arabic khalq, &quot;people,&quot; and the Lak lavai, &quot;supreme&quot;). </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>With the death of the last Kazikumukh khan, Agalar, the Lak territory was formally incorporated into the Russian Empire. In 1842 the Laks joined the Muslim rebellion in the northern Caucasus led by Sheikh Shamil and his Murids. This movement was aimed against both Russian (czarist, Christian) rule and the feudal aristocracy of the Caucasus that served what were perceived as Russian interests. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>The native Dagestan (including the Lak) aristocracy was deposed. At this time there was also a significant Sufi movement taking place in Dagestan aimed at removing all pre-Islamic holdovers in the religious practices of the people. In 1877 another revolt took place against czarist rule. It was put down, resulting in further integration of Dagestan into the Russian Empire. During the Russian civil war, between 1918 and 1922, many Laks took part in yet another Islamic uprising in the northern Caucasus, this time against the Bolshevik regime. </li></ul>

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