<ul><li>The town of Kizlyar is situated in the estuary of the river the Terek in Pri -Caspian Lowland. It is an industrial, cultural and transport center in Northern Part of the Republic of Dagestan. </li></ul><ul><li>We can find the first mentioning of the town in Russian history as far as the middle of XVII century, but according to some data this settlement is mentioned even in the times of Ivan the Terrible . </li></ul>
<ul><li>The History of the Town is inseparably linked with the name of the Russian Emperor Peter the Great, who in 1710 ordered the Moscow merchant Safar Vasiliev to establish a silk producing enterprise in the delta of the Terek. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter the Great visited Kizlyar in 1722 during his Persian Raid. He ordered to built a fortress of Saint Cross on the Sulak river and a numbers of forts near Kizlyar settlement. It gave a chance for lots of involuntarily displaced people from all the Caucasian regions to become subjects of Russia , develop wine growing, silkworm breeding , and other crafts. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Kizlyar got the status of the city in the year of 1735 when general Levashov built a new fortress which became the base for a multinational town and a southern Fort post of Russian Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>In the XVIII century Kizlyar was a scientific base for ethnographic researches, for exploration of deposits of rich natural recourses The scientific expeditions which studied the Caucasian region were formed here. </li></ul>
<ul><li>During the centuries the town developed its own traditions, culture and spirituality. </li></ul><ul><li>In the XIX century there were three monastery, ten Christian temples, seven mosques, a synagogue, and a Roman-Catholic church . There were functioning parochial school s, military and national schools and colleges. </li></ul>
Famous People Who Visited the Town or Were Born There. General Bagration, the Hero of the War of 1812, was born here.
Mikhail Lermontov, the famous Russian Poet lived here while being in exile to the Caucasus.
<ul><li>The most terrible cross for the town was the Second World war. More that 10 thousand of inhabitants died fighting for the freedom and independence of our country. To commemorate them there was erected a memorial “Memory” dedicated to the 50-th anniversary of great victory. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1942 our town became front town. It fought and didn’t let the enemy occupy it. </li></ul><ul><li>The construction of the railway road fro Kizlyar to Astrakhan was heroic deed of the citizens of Kizlyar. It became a road of life for Stalingrad. </li></ul>
<ul><li>After the war Kizlyar preserved and strengthened peoples’ fraternity. A new Brunch of manufacture were developed- machine-engineering, and electro technical production. Kizlyar has become a stable economical, social and political centre of the Northern region of the republic of Dagestan. In 1980 the town was awarded with the “Order of Honor”. </li></ul>
Some Picture of the Town. The Building of the Railway Station.
Monument to general Bagration Monument to the Heroes of Revolution