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  1. 1. HAWAII The Fiftieth State of the U.S.A. HPU Summer Institute, 2009
  2. 2. The State of Hawaii is a state in the United States, located on an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of Australia. The state was admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959, making it the 50th state. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oahu.
  3. 3.  The most recent census estimate puts the state's population at 1,283,388. This state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian Island chain, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight "main islands" are (from the northwest to southeast) Nihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lānai, Kahoolawe, Maui, and Hawaii.
  4. 4. Niihau (70 sq. Kauai (552.3 sq. Oahu (598 sq. Maui (727.3 sq. mi.) mi.) mi.) mi.) Molokai (260 sq. Lanai (140.5 sq. Kahoolawe (44.6 sq. Hawaii (4,028.2 sq. mi.) mi.) mi.) mi.)
  5. 5.  All of the Hawaiian islands were formed by volcanoes erupting from the sea floor from a magma source. The theory maintains that as the tectonic plate beneath much of the Pacific Ocean moves in a northwesterly direction, the hot spot remains stationary, slowly creating new volcanoes. This explains why only volcanoes on the southern half of the Big Island, and the Loihi Seamount deep below the waters off its southern coast, are presently active, with Loihi being the newest volcano to form.
  6. 6. The climate of Hawaii is typical for a tropical area, although temperatures and humidity tend to be a bit less extreme than other tropical locales due to the constant trade winds blowing from the east. Summer highs are usually in the upper 31°C during the day and mid 24 °C at night. Winter temperatures during the day are usually in the low to mid 28 ° and (at low elevation) seldom dipping below the mid 18 °C at night.
  7. 7.  Hawaii is one of four U.S. states that were independent prior to becoming part of the United States, along with the Vermont Republic (1791), the Republic of Texas (1845), and the California Republic (1846), and one of two (Texas was the other) with formal diplomatic recognition internationally.The Kingdom of Hawaii existed from 1810 until 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown by resident American (and some European) businessmen. It was an independent republic from 1894 until 1898, when it was annexed by the United States, becoming a territory in 1900, and a state in 1959.
  8. 8. State Symbols of Hawaii
  9. 9.   Hawaii was once an independent kingdom. (1810 - 1893) The flag was designed at the request of King Kamehameha I. It has eight stripes of white, red and blue that represent the eight main islands. The flag of Great Britain is emblazoned in the upper left corner to honor Hawaii's friendship with the British.
  10. 10. The National Coat of Arms
  11. 11. The National Seal
  12. 12. Hawaiian NENE National Bird
  13. 13. Humpback Whale Hawaiian Monk Seal National Mammals
  14. 14. Rectangular Trigger Fish National Fish
  15. 15. Hibiscus National Flower
  16. 16. Summer Institute Hawaii Pacific University. Honolulu, Hawaii USA 2009
  17. 17. Arrival
  18. 18. Waikiki Aqua Marina Hotel
  19. 19. Ph.D. Sandra Mackey
  20. 20. Assistant Professor Jean Kirschenmann
  21. 21. Ph.D. Hanh Nguyen
  22. 22. Assistant Professor Catherine Sajna
  23. 23. Ph.D. Carlos Juares
  24. 24. Assistant Professor Barbara Hannum
  25. 25. Workshops
  26. 26. Presentation of the Song ‘Yankee Doodle”
  27. 27. Visit of Maria Snarsky
  28. 28. Self Presentation
  29. 29. Presentation of “Celebrate!”
  30. 30. Presentation of a Lesson Plan
  31. 31. Getting the Graduation Certificates
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