Gunib – the Last Bastion of Imam Shamil Mikhail Nokhov Gymnasium # 1 Khasavyurt
<ul><li>The Gunib plateau is one of the most picturesque places in the Inner Dagestan. The region is considered to be a very nice mountain health resort as there are practically no frogs and strong winds here, there are about 300 sunny days in a year here. Near this plateau at the height of 1554 m. there is a famous Avar aul Gunib. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Not much is known from the history of this aul, it became famous because it was the place of the final battle between Imam Shamil and the Russian troops and his successive capture. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In the picturesque Nizhny Gunib there preserved the remains of the Russian fortress of the times of the Caucasian War. There remained the Walls of the fortress, curved by the protuberance of the plateau, the building of the commandant's office, and the monument on the grave of the soldiers of the Apsheron platoon killed during the siege of Shamil’s troop. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The conquest of aul Gunib by the Russian troops under the command of general Baryatinsky was a great political event of that time. </li></ul><ul><li>Gunib was defended by 400 murids led by Imam Shamil . Among them there were really devoted to Shamil mountaineers, run away Russian soldiers. </li></ul>
<ul><li>They had four cannons . The amount of the defenders was not large but quite enough to defend such a well protected by nature place. The only way to the top of the mountain was by the steep mountain pass which led from the bank of the Koisu river to the eastern slope of the mountain. Shamil took all precautions to prevent the Russian troops using it. From all other sides Gunib seemed to be inaccessible . </li></ul>
<ul><li>In spite of the fact that the aul was situated practically on the cliff, the Russian troops began the assault. The skilled soldiers of Apsheron and Shirvan platoons cliff hanged the mountain and after a short battle took the aul by the storm. Imam Shamil gave himself up. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In the Upper Gunib there are the ruins of the village where on August 23, 1859 Shamil gave himself up to the Russian Troops. There was erected a rotunda in this place to commemorate this great historic event. </li></ul>
<ul><li>It was followed by a famous order of prince Baryatinsky, which put an end to that war of many years in Chechnya and Dagestan: “Gunib is seized. Shamil is a prisoner of war. Congratulations to the Caucasian Army!” </li></ul><ul><li>Seizure of Gunib is considered to put an end to the military actions in the eastern part of the Caucasus, which from that time on was under the Russian control. </li></ul>
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