The boy was lame from the childhood and suffered a lot from it. He spent his childhood in the small town of Aberdeen in the eastern coast of Scotland. Soon his father died, leaving his wife and child in more than reduced circumstances.
When Byron was ten, his great uncle died, and the boy inherited the title of Lord Byron and the family castle of Newstead Abbey. Lord Byron and his mother moved to Nottinghamshire where they got a small pension from the government.
All the periods of his literary activity were marked by the corresponding periods of his political life.
During the first period, which was called the London period and which brought him fame and universal acclaim after the publication of his “Child Harold’s Pilgrimage” in 1812, Lord Byron delivered his Parliamentary speeches in the House of Lords.
Byron was a peer of the realm. His first speech was in defense of the Luddites (industrial workers who destroyed the equipment as a protest against unemployment and low pay. His main ideas were expressed in his “Song of the Luddites”.
Later Byron spoke in favour of the oppressed Irish people. His speeches brought him a lot of enemies from the reactionary circles. They hated him and began to persecute Byron. Moreover he was unhappy in his private life. In 1815 he parted with his wife. Byron wrote his poem “When We Two Parted”.
In May 1816 Byron had to go to Switzerland where he made friends with Piercy Byshe Shelley – another progressive romantic of that time. The Italian period was the most creative one. Byron wrote the tragedy “Cain”, several satirical poems.
But he managed to write only several lyrical poems.
He died on April 19, 1824 of a dangerous fever. He was only 36. Byron's heart was buried in Greece, because the Greeks considered him their national hero. Byron’s body was brought to England and buried in Westminster Abbey.