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Passive Voice

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Transcript

  • 1. THE PASSIVE VOICE UNIT 5
  • 2. IMPORTANT ASPECTS
    • Structure: be + past participle.
    • What do we use it for?
    • When the agent (who or what causes the action) is obvious, unknown or unimportant.
    • e.g. A lot of money was stolen in the robbery.
    • When we want to say what happens to the subject.
    • e.g. His father was killed in the war.
    • When we want to say who does or what causes the action, we use by + noun.
    • e.g. The English Channel was crossed first by Louis Bleirot .
  • 3. Turning active sentences into passive
    • Active: They built this house in 1486.
    • Passive: This house was built in 1486.
    • Careful! Intransitive verbs do not take passive structures, for instance die, arrive, happen, exist, sleep, have, come, occur, fit, lack, live, etc.
    • Check your Grammar Reference and English Grammar in Use to see how the verbs change from active to passive.
  • 4. VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS
    • In active sentences you can find two possible structures:
    • A Verb + indirect object + direct object
    • e.g. She gave her sister the car .
    • B Verb + direct obj + preposition + indirect obj
    • e.g. She gave the car to her sister .
    • The passive sentence will be as follows:
    • A Her sister was given the car.(IO=S)
    • B The car was given to her sister. (DO=S)

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