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  • 1. Museums & Copyright T h e C u r r e n t C o p y r i g h t I s s u e s M u s e u m s F a c e i n t h e D i g i t a l A g e
  • 2. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Holly Wood "I believe profoundly in the importance of museums; I would go as far as to say that you can judge a society by the quality of its museums. " - Richard A. Fortey, British paleontologist and writer
  • 3. Why are museums important? The primary focus of a Museum is education Museums preserve culture and heritage The Guggenheim, Courtesy Darren Brewster
  • 4. Major Copyright Issues Displaying a Museum collection online Artist rights vs. Museum rights Photography in Museums Copyright issues with playing Music Seattle Art Museum, Holly Wood
  • 5. Online Collections Museums want to post their collection online, for the obvious reasons. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Holly Wood
  • 6. Photography in Museums Many Museums don’t allow photography for fear that it is damaging to the artwork and/or that the photographer will sell the photos. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Holly Wood
  • 7. Artists Rights Made for hire work is owned by the Employer The moment you create anything visual, the only person who is allowed to copy that work, is you Interior of the Guggenheim, Holly Wood
  • 8. How long is it Copyright protected? Works created on or after January 1, 1978: A work that is created on or after January 1, 1978, is automatically protected from the moment of its creation and is given a term of copyright protection enduring for the lifetime of the artist plus an additional 70 years after the artist's death. Works originally created before January 1, 1978, but not published or registered by that date: - These works have been automatically brought under the statute and are now given federal copyright protection. Works originally created and published or registered before January 1, 1978:Under the law in effect before 1978, copyright was secured either on the date a work was published with a copyright notice or on the date of registration if the work was registered in unpublished form. The Sonny Bono Copyright Extension Act: The Sonny Bono Copyright Extension Act, enacted on October 27, 1998, further extended the renewal term of copyrights still subsisting on that date by an additional 20 years, providing for a total term of protection of 95 years from the date of first U.S. publication if the work was published before January 1, 1978. Unpublished works: All works that are unpublished, regardless of the nationality of the author, are protected in the United States. Works that are first published in the United States or in a country with which the United States has a copyright treaty or that are created by a citizen or domiciliary of a country with which the United States has a copyright treaty are also protected.
  • 9. International Copyright There is no such thing as an "international copyright" that will automatically protect an author's works throughout the entire world. The Frick Collection, Holly Wood
  • 10. Conclusion Artists need to do their research Museums need to do their research Both entities need to learn how to protect themselves and protect each other Metropolitan Museum of Art, Holly Wood
  • 11. References Photos: Holly Wood and Darren Brewster. Artists Rights Society. http://www.arsny.com/basics.html Copyright Clearance for Online Images: A Lesson Learned. By Jennifer Bartle. http://www.aam-us.org/pubs/mn/MN_MA04_LawEthics.cfm Copyright Information for Artists: How Copyright Laws Protect Your Art. http://emptyeasel.com/ 2008/03/18/copyright-information-for-artists-how-copyright-laws-protect-your-art/ Law & Ethics: Do You Copy? By Barbara Hoffman. http://www.aam-us.org/pubs/mn/MN_JF05_DoYouCopy.cfm Learning Music Licensing. By Elizabeth T Russell. http://www.aam-us.org/pubs/webexclusive/licensing.cfm Museums are not the Enemy. Posted by Perian Sully on Monday December 10, 2007. http://musematic.net/2007/12/10/museums-are-not-the-enemy/ Right and Reproductions. By Joshua Kaufman. http://www.aam-us.org/pubs/mn/MN_SO04_LawEthics.cfm