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Quechua Quechua is an Amerindian language (language spoken by the indigenous people of the Americas) native to South America and is related to Aymará. It was the official language of the Tawantinsuyu (Inca Empire). Quechua can be heard throughout South America, starting as far north as southern Colombia and Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia, and northwestern Argentina and northern Chile. In Colombia and Ecuador the dialect is widely different from the main branch and could almost be classified as another language, however it is not. Quechua had no written alphabet, but did have an accounting system based on khipu-strings. The khipu or quipu (meaning ‘knot’) strings were recording devices used by the Inca Empire. The khipu strings were made coloured cotton cords. On each cord a numeric value was represented by knots. These knots have not yet been fully deciphered, though some believe that the khipu are a primitive written language, and it is known that they were used for a number of purposes including taxes, census taking, and inventory. The following are some examples of Quechua words that have entered English through Spanish; coca, condor, guano, gaucho, jerky, Inca, llama, potato (from papa via patata), puma and quinoa. What is your name? - Imataq sutiyki? My name is _____ - ñuqap ... sutiymi Goodbye - rikunakusun yes - arí no - mana Hello - rimaykullayki, napaykullayki Good morning - windía How are you? - Ima hinalla? Please - allichu Thank you - añay Where are you from? - Maymantataq hamunki? You're welcome - ni imamanta What is that? - ima chayri?
The Frog and the Condor A peruvian tale High in the Andes Mountains there once lived a frog in a cool stream.This poor frog was born not like the others - herfront right leg was nearly twice as long as her leftone. "If only I had two perfect legs like mybrothers and sisters," the frog bemoanedwhenever she caught her limping reflection in therushing waters
Near the stream, and feeling just as sad as the frog, livedagirl in the cave of a condor, a huge black vulture. She wasforced to remain at his nest in a faraway cave on a rockymountain outcrop. The giant black bird had plucked herfrom her happy livelihood as a shepherdess and carried herback to its nest, where she had to work hard every day,beating his vicuna skins into blankets for his bed and intorugs for his nest, and preparing huge meals to satisfy hisvoracious appetite.
The frog overhead the conversation between the condor and the girl"So - did you beat the new vicuna skins to add to my bed?""Yes, sir.""And where is my dinner?""Its ready for you, sir. Now please, may I go to the stream to wash my clothes?""Absolutely not! Do you take me for a fool? You would try to escape!""No I wouldnt - please - I simply must wash my clothes. And besides, as long as you hear me beating my clothes on the rocks, youll know Im still there.""Hmm, very well then, but be sure I hear you beating your clothes or Ill fly there in a second and beat you myself!"So the girl, whose parents had named her Collyur, which means Morning Star, wrapped herself in one of the vicuna skins and tied her clothes into a bundle that she carried to the stream.
As Collyur beat her clothes against the rocks, she cried bitterly for her lost freedom. She was nothingbut a slave, tending to the condors every demand, while fearing every moment for her very life. Witheach beat of her clothes she burst out with another wail. "Please dont cry," said a small voice. Collyur looked down to see a little frog on a rock,looking at her with sympathy. "What is the matter?" And the girl poured out her troubles to the frogwhile the creature listened and sighed.
What happens next?How do you think this story could end?Discuss possible events and story endings in threes Will the frog turn into a charming prince? Will the condor discover Collyur and take her back to the cave forever?
WritingWrite two paragraphs (three for challenge)- Describing the events that may followand- A possible ending. 1. Connectives and time expressions (then, afterwards, however, finally...) 2. Adjectives to enhance your sentences (astonishing, glowing, charming, dull, cunning) 3. Describe in detail 4. Accurate and varied punctuation
PlenaryComment on writingsTalk to a partner and say what´s wrongVideos about Peru:Machu Picchu dochttp://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/kids/people-places-kids/peru-machupicchu-kids/Visit Peruhttp://youtu.be/unosyHxNjhsEl cóndor pasahttp://youtu.be/CtUZzCe6-bk
Quechua English1 Ima sutiky? What is your name?2 Sutiymi My name is _____3 Arí Yes4 Alli llanchu Hello5 Alli llanchu Good morning6 Sullpayki Thank you7 Allin jamushayki Youre welcome8 May manta kanki? Where are you from?9 Iman chay? What is that?