He made his first trip to Paris in 1900 and loved the city. He lived with a friend Max Jacob who was a journalist and a poet. Max worked in the day and slept in the night, while Picasso slept during the day and worked during the night. Those were hard times for Picasso and he burned many of his paintings to keep himself warm.
The painting is about pain and suffering. It is representing the Boming of Basque, Guernica. Pablo Picasso, in Paris at the time heard of this and was overwhelmed by the images of the slaughter. There are images of people and animals injured and screaming. It has pale colors and is a flat surface.
It is about a 5 women in a brothel. They are sisters and the last one is in a mask holding the curtain open for her sisters. Picasso called it his first exorcism painting. Picasso turns his back on middle-class society and the traditional values of the time, opting for the sexual freedom depicted in a brothel. He also rejects popular current movements in painting by choosing line drawing rather than the color- and light-defined forms of Impressionism.