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Globalisation
It [Globalization] is the transformation from
national and or regional economies to global
economies
Many say that Globalisation makes
 developed nations (namely the USA)
wealthier and poor, undeveloped nations
            ...
“Despite rapid growth and development,
   the world seems to have become
  smaller. Through business and rapid
 developmen...
Population: 170 Million
Population: 1 Billion
Population: 2 Billion
Population: 6 Billion
HDI (Human
Development Index)
According to the International Monetary
Fund (IMF), the blue areas on the map are
 considered to be advanced economies
3 Stages of Globalisation
3 Stages of Globalisation

     Stage 1
     Global Integration

  Facilitated by rail and sea

Communication via Telegraph
3 Stages of Globalisation

     Stage 1                                Stage 2
                                    Establi...
3 Stages of Globalisation

     Stage 1                                Stage 2                                     Stage 3...
In concept, Globalisation has positive effects
   on education in less developed areas /
                   nations
Dimensions of Globalisation
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade
(2) Finance
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade
(2) Finance
(3) Migration
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade
(2) Finance
(3) Migration
(4) Aid
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade
(2) Finance
(3) Migration
(4) Aid
(5) Intellectual Property
Dimensions of Globalisation
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services
(2) Finance - The exchange of assets
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services
(2) Finance - The exchange of assets
(3) Aid -...
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services
(2) Finance - The exchange of assets
(3) Aid -...
Dimensions of Globalisation

(1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services
(2) Finance - The exchange of assets
(3) Aid -...
Now the big issue...
Dimensions of Poverty
 Poverty should not be viewed as a
one dimensional issue, but rather as
  a multi dimensional one as...
Dimensions of Poverty
Dimensions of Poverty

  (1) Income
Dimensions of Poverty

  (1) Income
  (2) Health
Dimensions of Poverty

  (1) Income
  (2) Health
  (3) Education
Dimensions of Poverty

  (1) Income
  (2) Health
  (3) Education
  (4) Empowerment
Dimensions of Poverty

  (1) Income
  (2) Health
  (3) Education
  (4) Empowerment
  (5) Working Conditions
(1) Income
(1) Income

(1) Is the most common measure
(1) Income

(1) Is the most common measure
(2) Poverty - the lack of ability to purchase necessities
(1) Income

(1) Is the most common measure
(2) Poverty - the lack of ability to purchase necessities
(3) Absolute Poverty ...
(2) Health
(2) Health

(1) Bad health an indicator is poverty
(2) Health

(1) Bad health an indicator is poverty
(2) Creative Capitalism: Private industry develops tech
(2) Health

(1) Bad health an indicator is poverty
(2) Creative Capitalism: Private industry develops tech
(3) Support for...
(2) Health

(1) Bad health an indicator is poverty
(2) Creative Capitalism: Private industry develops tech
(3) Support for...
(3) Education
(3) Education

(1) Deprivation of a basic human right
(3) Education

(1) Deprivation of a basic human right
(2) Linked to income and health
(3) Education

(1) Deprivation of a basic human right
(2) Linked to income and health
(3) Education leads to liberation (e...
Education, income and health?
                    Think...

  (1) Education often leads to a brighter future
(2) Education...
(4) Empowerment
(4) Empowerment

(1) Lack of empowerment
(4) Empowerment

(1) Lack of empowerment
(2) Limits individuals abilities
(4) Empowerment

(1) Lack of empowerment
(2) Limits individuals abilities
(3) Gender based empowerment
(4) Empowerment

(1) Lack of empowerment
(2) Limits individuals abilities
(3) Gender based empowerment
(4) Rights and equa...
(5) Working Conditions
(5) Working Conditions

(1) Often poor countries have bad working conditions
(5) Working Conditions

(1) Often poor countries have bad working conditions
(2) Unemployment is high
(5) Working Conditions

(1) Often poor countries have bad working conditions
(2) Unemployment is high
(3) Those who have f...
The link...
If managed correctly,
 globalisation can have positive
effects of economies, however, if
 not managed correctly - it can
 ...
Trade
Trade
(1) Developing nations included (1980s)
Trade
(1) Developing nations included (1980s)
(2) Agricultural exports stagnant
Trade
(1) Developing nations included (1980s)
(2) Agricultural exports stagnant
(3) Increased international trade - povert...
Trade
(1) Developing nations included (1980s)
(2) Agricultural exports stagnant
(3) Increased international trade - povert...
Trade
(1) Developing nations included (1980s)
(2) Agricultural exports stagnant
(3) Increased international trade - povert...
Finance
Finance
(1) Increased international investment since the 1990s
Finance
(1) Increased international investment since the 1990s
(2) Capital inflows help in poverty alleviation
Finance
(1) Increased international investment since the 1990s
(2) Capital inflows help in poverty alleviation
(3) However ...
Finance
(1) Increased international investment since the 1990s
(2) Capital inflows help in poverty alleviation
(3) However ...
Finance
(1) Increased international investment since the 1990s
(2) Capital inflows help in poverty alleviation
(3) However ...
Aid
Aid
(1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation)
Aid
(1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation)
(2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure
Aid
(1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation)
(2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure
(3) Ag...
Aid
(1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation)
(2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure
(3) Ag...
Aid
(1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation)
(2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure
(3) Ag...
Aid
(1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation)
(2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure
(3) Ag...
Migration
Migration
(1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world
Migration
(1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world
(2) Restrictions give way to criminal activity
Migration
(1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world
(2) Restrictions give way to criminal activity
(3) Illegal i...
Migration
(1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world
(2) Restrictions give way to criminal activity
(3) Illegal i...
Migration
(1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world
(2) Restrictions give way to criminal activity
(3) Illegal i...
Intellectual Property
Intellectual Property

(1) Most powerful on development
Intellectual Property

(1) Most powerful on development
(2) Adoption of production systems and assembly lines
Intellectual Property

(1) Most powerful on development
(2) Adoption of production systems and assembly lines
(3) Protecti...
If used correctly, globalisation can be a
powerful tool for change and development in
3rd world nations, however, many 1st...
The End

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Globalisation and its links to the five dimensions of poverty

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This presentation discusses the links between globalisation and the five dimensions of poverty.





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  • Transcript of "Globalisation and its links to the five dimensions of poverty"

    1. 1. Globalisation
    2. 2. It [Globalization] is the transformation from national and or regional economies to global economies
    3. 3. Many say that Globalisation makes developed nations (namely the USA) wealthier and poor, undeveloped nations poorer
    4. 4. “Despite rapid growth and development, the world seems to have become smaller. Through business and rapid developments in communication, the world is linked in a global village” Source: Focus on History, Looking into the past, Grade 12 (p. 243)
    5. 5. Population: 170 Million
    6. 6. Population: 1 Billion
    7. 7. Population: 2 Billion
    8. 8. Population: 6 Billion
    9. 9. HDI (Human Development Index)
    10. 10. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the blue areas on the map are considered to be advanced economies
    11. 11. 3 Stages of Globalisation
    12. 12. 3 Stages of Globalisation Stage 1 Global Integration Facilitated by rail and sea Communication via Telegraph
    13. 13. 3 Stages of Globalisation Stage 1 Stage 2 Establishment of IMF (International Global Integration Monetary Fund) Facilitated by rail and sea GATT (General Agreement on Trade Tariffs) established Communication via Telegraph Capital inflows increase from USA America production systems adopted internationally
    14. 14. 3 Stages of Globalisation Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Establishment of IMF (International Rise of large industrial nations (East Asia) Global Integration Monetary Fund) Communication Advancements Facilitated by rail and sea GATT (General Agreement on Trade Tariffs) established Improved Transport Systems Communication via Telegraph Capital inflows increase from USA Assembly lines America production systems adopted Computer Aided Production internationally
    15. 15. In concept, Globalisation has positive effects on education in less developed areas / nations
    16. 16. Dimensions of Globalisation
    17. 17. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade
    18. 18. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade (2) Finance
    19. 19. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade (2) Finance (3) Migration
    20. 20. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade (2) Finance (3) Migration (4) Aid
    21. 21. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade (2) Finance (3) Migration (4) Aid (5) Intellectual Property
    22. 22. Dimensions of Globalisation
    23. 23. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services
    24. 24. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services (2) Finance - The exchange of assets
    25. 25. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services (2) Finance - The exchange of assets (3) Aid - Transfer of loans and grants
    26. 26. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services (2) Finance - The exchange of assets (3) Aid - Transfer of loans and grants (4) Migration - Movement between nations
    27. 27. Dimensions of Globalisation (1) Trade - The exchange of goods and services (2) Finance - The exchange of assets (3) Aid - Transfer of loans and grants (4) Migration - Movement between nations (5) Intellectual Property - Technology and Ideas
    28. 28. Now the big issue...
    29. 29. Dimensions of Poverty Poverty should not be viewed as a one dimensional issue, but rather as a multi dimensional one as it is measured on a number of inter related terms, such as...
    30. 30. Dimensions of Poverty
    31. 31. Dimensions of Poverty (1) Income
    32. 32. Dimensions of Poverty (1) Income (2) Health
    33. 33. Dimensions of Poverty (1) Income (2) Health (3) Education
    34. 34. Dimensions of Poverty (1) Income (2) Health (3) Education (4) Empowerment
    35. 35. Dimensions of Poverty (1) Income (2) Health (3) Education (4) Empowerment (5) Working Conditions
    36. 36. (1) Income
    37. 37. (1) Income (1) Is the most common measure
    38. 38. (1) Income (1) Is the most common measure (2) Poverty - the lack of ability to purchase necessities
    39. 39. (1) Income (1) Is the most common measure (2) Poverty - the lack of ability to purchase necessities (3) Absolute Poverty - earning < $1/day
    40. 40. (2) Health
    41. 41. (2) Health (1) Bad health an indicator is poverty
    42. 42. (2) Health (1) Bad health an indicator is poverty (2) Creative Capitalism: Private industry develops tech
    43. 43. (2) Health (1) Bad health an indicator is poverty (2) Creative Capitalism: Private industry develops tech (3) Support for 3rd world nations from 1st world
    44. 44. (2) Health (1) Bad health an indicator is poverty (2) Creative Capitalism: Private industry develops tech (3) Support for 3rd world nations from 1st world (4) Poor health is a threat to developing nations
    45. 45. (3) Education
    46. 46. (3) Education (1) Deprivation of a basic human right
    47. 47. (3) Education (1) Deprivation of a basic human right (2) Linked to income and health
    48. 48. (3) Education (1) Deprivation of a basic human right (2) Linked to income and health (3) Education leads to liberation (economically)
    49. 49. Education, income and health? Think... (1) Education often leads to a brighter future (2) Education for prevention (for example in the case of HIV/AIDS education programmes)
    50. 50. (4) Empowerment
    51. 51. (4) Empowerment (1) Lack of empowerment
    52. 52. (4) Empowerment (1) Lack of empowerment (2) Limits individuals abilities
    53. 53. (4) Empowerment (1) Lack of empowerment (2) Limits individuals abilities (3) Gender based empowerment
    54. 54. (4) Empowerment (1) Lack of empowerment (2) Limits individuals abilities (3) Gender based empowerment (4) Rights and equality
    55. 55. (5) Working Conditions
    56. 56. (5) Working Conditions (1) Often poor countries have bad working conditions
    57. 57. (5) Working Conditions (1) Often poor countries have bad working conditions (2) Unemployment is high
    58. 58. (5) Working Conditions (1) Often poor countries have bad working conditions (2) Unemployment is high (3) Those who have full time jobs work hard to keep them
    59. 59. The link...
    60. 60. If managed correctly, globalisation can have positive effects of economies, however, if not managed correctly - it can prove destructive
    61. 61. Trade
    62. 62. Trade (1) Developing nations included (1980s)
    63. 63. Trade (1) Developing nations included (1980s) (2) Agricultural exports stagnant
    64. 64. Trade (1) Developing nations included (1980s) (2) Agricultural exports stagnant (3) Increased international trade - poverty alleviation (4) Health related imports are crucial
    65. 65. Trade (1) Developing nations included (1980s) (2) Agricultural exports stagnant (3) Increased international trade - poverty alleviation (4) Health related imports are crucial (5) Protective trade tariffs
    66. 66. Trade (1) Developing nations included (1980s) (2) Agricultural exports stagnant (3) Increased international trade - poverty alleviation (4) Health related imports are crucial (5) Protective trade tariffs (6) 1st world agriculture subsidised
    67. 67. Finance
    68. 68. Finance (1) Increased international investment since the 1990s
    69. 69. Finance (1) Increased international investment since the 1990s (2) Capital inflows help in poverty alleviation
    70. 70. Finance (1) Increased international investment since the 1990s (2) Capital inflows help in poverty alleviation (3) However only when it supports job creation
    71. 71. Finance (1) Increased international investment since the 1990s (2) Capital inflows help in poverty alleviation (3) However only when it supports job creation (4) Loans can assist in lifting poor nations
    72. 72. Finance (1) Increased international investment since the 1990s (2) Capital inflows help in poverty alleviation (3) However only when it supports job creation (4) Loans can assist in lifting poor nations
    73. 73. Aid
    74. 74. Aid (1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation)
    75. 75. Aid (1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation) (2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure
    76. 76. Aid (1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation) (2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure (3) Agricultural subsidies significantly worsen poverty
    77. 77. Aid (1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation) (2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure (3) Agricultural subsidies significantly worsen poverty (4) Teach a man to fish phrase
    78. 78. Aid (1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation) (2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure (3) Agricultural subsidies significantly worsen poverty (4) Teach a man to fish phrase (5) Focus on capacity building rather than donations
    79. 79. Aid (1) Often used to force agenda on a nation (motivation) (2) Aid can assist in the development of infrastructure (3) Agricultural subsidies significantly worsen poverty (4) Teach a man to fish phrase (5) Focus on capacity building rather than donations
    80. 80. Migration
    81. 81. Migration (1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world
    82. 82. Migration (1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world (2) Restrictions give way to criminal activity
    83. 83. Migration (1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world (2) Restrictions give way to criminal activity (3) Illegal immigrants exploited
    84. 84. Migration (1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world (2) Restrictions give way to criminal activity (3) Illegal immigrants exploited (4) Movement of the factors of production (Labour)
    85. 85. Migration (1) Brain drain from 3rd world nations to 1st world (2) Restrictions give way to criminal activity (3) Illegal immigrants exploited (4) Movement of the factors of production (Labour)
    86. 86. Intellectual Property
    87. 87. Intellectual Property (1) Most powerful on development
    88. 88. Intellectual Property (1) Most powerful on development (2) Adoption of production systems and assembly lines
    89. 89. Intellectual Property (1) Most powerful on development (2) Adoption of production systems and assembly lines (3) Protection - knowledge withheld from developing nations
    90. 90. If used correctly, globalisation can be a powerful tool for change and development in 3rd world nations, however, many 1st world nations benefit from globalisation while poorer nations fall into more poverty
    91. 91. The End Any Questions?
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