+   PDC                    Module 4 of the PDC++++   +                       Energy & EcoTechnology                       ...
M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital?   Definitions   Integrated in Whole Design                ...
M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital?   Definitions   Integrated in Whole Design                ...
Human Capital                                                     abilities, knowledge, experience,Social Capital         ...
Social Capital       CAPACITY       POWER       ABILITY         to improve           societyCollective Intelligence
Social Capital                    Social cohesion and                 ability of a community or a                 society ...
Social Capital                 Value of social networks                  that people can use to                 solve comm...
Social Capital           People‟s attitude, spirit &             desire to engage in           collective civic activities...
Social Capital                 Capacities and                  infrastructure                  that promote               ...
In Spanish, Social Capital = Shareholders‟ Equity                                 Social capital is a resource ...        ...
Remember Stocks            from M2.5 – Resources class                                      Stock – a place where energy i...
fulfills                                      GOOD DESIGN            REAL         human needs- biological                 ...
M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital?   Definitions   Integrated in Whole Design                ...
Design Motivation•   We visited this topic in MANY ways    throughout all this course•   Starting in Module 1, People Care...
•   Social Need
Human Needs9 categories identified by Manfred Max-Neef    (Human Scale Development)                                       ...
fulfills                     GOOD DESIGN   REAL                                  Ignoring REAL human needs                ...
A sustainable system produces all the energy and resources that                  it needs for its maintenance and growth.p...
Montfort Boys            own food &                              resources with        Town, Fiji              piscicultur...
Using             1997                    Local                                     Resources                             ...
1997                                                    < with                           Brewery        MUSH       rice   ...
1997         SOCIAL                 Good Design                                             CAPITALphysical               ...
Sustainability on a small scale, as on a big scale, meansthat a system creates or stores more energy during its lifetimeth...
Also works with Invisible Resources           cultural                      Limiting                                      ...
Harvesting only sunlight       Sustainability on a small scale ....                                                       ...
M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital?   Definitions   Integrated in Whole Design                ...
it‟s… seeing something NEW when you look at something OLD                                                    is at the Hea...
“Creativity isinventing experimenting, growing,   taking risks, breaking rules,   making errors, & having fun"          - ...
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi“If I had to summarize what distinguishes creative people I‟d use word complexity.Instead of a sing...
vertical door                             cold air heavier               1 kWh / day is wasted         cultural           ...
Super-Summary:  Collective Intelligence= getting rid of ego issues                              Imagination ...           ...
M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital?   Definitions   Integrated in Whole Design                ...
What‟s the difference between…  CREATIVITY         &    INNOVATION Skill to generate       Capacity to apply    new ideas ...
This is a wholecomputer, withits peripheralsHow?!
Assembled, it looks like this…
One piece is the screen& the other the keyboard
Just put yourfingers in theimage and type.Easy, isn’t it?!...There aredifferent models.
There’s also amodel for PALMs.
IF a technology can expand enough… then it’screativity that has turned into innovation.
M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital?   Definitions   Integrated in Whole Design                ...
Social Capital                          CAPACITY                          POWER                          ABILITY          ...
sustainable                 development•3. El salto social, chapter 7•Theaim of the environmental policy of the salto soci...
what CREATES Social           Capital?         & how do we develop technologies         to increase it?                   ...
The variable which is considered the most important when itcomes to quantifying social capital ... is social confidence.Ma...
The variable which is considered the most important when itcomes to quantifying social capital ... is social confidence.Ma...
Confidence relates also to maturity    Natural Successions
How to organize actions in a world of                distributed networks?   Renouncing control. Movements grow through s...
   There is a strong identifying                character which                           is the robustness of the networ...
M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital?   Definitions   Integrated in All Design                  ...
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital
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PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital

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In this class we explore social capital as the umbrella term we use to value a complex set of inner quadrant qualities such as creativity, innovation, social skills, connectivity, emotional intelligence, knowledge, wisdom, cultural awareness, etc., all of which have a critical part to play in re-designing any technology & therefore society as a whole. "Sustainable Development" has been criticized as a term for being inherently contradictory, but when all quadrants are taken into account, we can see that a major growth in the interior quadrants (personal development & culture) will probably be key in achieving any significant reduction in physical consumption or material growth, so 'sustainable development' is far from contradictory as a term. So how do we design for increasing and improving social capital?

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PDC+++ Module 4 Class 8 Social Capital

  1. 1. + PDC Module 4 of the PDC++++ + Energy & EcoTechnology We dedicate this Module to the Mother &Class Father of Integral Permaculture: Dana Meadows & Howard Odum, two originalM4.8 pioneers who helped humanity makeSocial great strides in understanding systemic thinking, in all four quadrants.Capital In this class we explore social capital as the umbrella term we use to value a complex set of inner quadrant qualities such as creativity, innovation, social skills, connectivity, emotional intelligence, knowledge, wisdom, cultural awareness, etc., all of which have a critical part to play in re-designing any technology & therefore society as a whole. "Sustainable Development" has been criticized as a term for being inherently contradictory, but when all quadrants are taken into account, we can see that a major growth in the interior quadrants (personal development & culture) will probably be key in achieving any significant reduction in physical consumption or material growth, so sustainable development is far from contradictory as a term. So how do we design for increasing and improving social capital?
  2. 2. M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital? Definitions Integrated in Whole Design Direct link to this Creativity chapter in the e-book: www.bit.ly/ Innovation Design4 SocialCapital
  3. 3. M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital? Definitions Integrated in Whole Design Direct link to this Creativity chapter in the e-book: www.bit.ly/ Innovation Design4 SocialCapital
  4. 4. Human Capital abilities, knowledge, experience,Social Capital production skills…patterns & intensity of networks of people+ value which emerges from these networkscitizienship, community feeling,confidence, values, rules, shared institutions,commitment and community organization,volunteering and civic engagement, social networks Natural Capital biosphere resources – ecosystems‟ service capacity Global Success
  5. 5. Social Capital CAPACITY POWER ABILITY to improve societyCollective Intelligence
  6. 6. Social Capital Social cohesion and ability of a community or a society to collaborate and cooperate (through network-like systems, shared confidence, rules and values) to achieve mutual benefits Collective Intelligence
  7. 7. Social Capital Value of social networks that people can use to solve common problems. Social capital benefits come from confidence, reciprocity, in formation and cooperation linked to social networks Collective Intelligence
  8. 8. Social Capital People‟s attitude, spirit & desire to engage in collective civic activities. With time, social capital builds what can be called social infrastructure. Collective Intelligence
  9. 9. Social Capital Capacities and infrastructure that promote social progress Collective Intelligence
  10. 10. In Spanish, Social Capital = Shareholders‟ Equity Social capital is a resource ... that represents a debt of a society towards the members In informal speech, the term sourced by the contributions they “capital” means an amount of money, riches, inherited made for the development of wealth, or amount that is economic activities ... invested or contributed contemplated in the social aim.
  11. 11. Remember Stocks from M2.5 – Resources class Stock – a place where energy is stored: e.g. resources like forest biomass, soil, organic matter, carbon … and also human and social capital (both types)Non-Renewable Stocks Renewable Stocks eg. chemicals, minerals eg. biological (oil, coal, copper, etc.). (forests, fish, water, etc.). 4) REDUCED by use 1) INCREASE by modest use 5) POLLUTE if used 2) UNAFFECTED by use Use 4 and 5 only 3) DISAPPEAR / DEGRADE if not used to create infrastructure
  12. 12. fulfills GOOD DESIGN REAL human needs- biological makes a- emotional very good use of- spiritual RESOURCES - materials takes into - technology account global & long-term - energy COSTS - conservation - environment - economy
  13. 13. M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital? Definitions Integrated in Whole Design Direct link to this Creativity chapter in the e-book: www.bit.ly/ Innovation Design4 SocialCapital
  14. 14. Design Motivation• We visited this topic in MANY ways throughout all this course• Starting in Module 1, People Care• and from the beginning of ALL designs: Design Motivation …
  15. 15. • Social Need
  16. 16. Human Needs9 categories identified by Manfred Max-Neef (Human Scale Development) The 7 Fs of Peoples Needs Food Fuel Fibre Fodder Participation Fertilizer Creativity Farmacy Leisure & Fun Freedom Affection Protection Subsistence Understanding Identity
  17. 17. fulfills GOOD DESIGN REAL Ignoring REAL human needs produces DAMAGEhuman needs that afterwards need lots of ENERGY to be repaired we also saw that …- biological Accommodating FALSE needs is a TOTAL waste of energyfood, shelter, warmth, contact, defecating, discharging, - spiritual playing, working, - emotional harmony, resting, belonging, knowledge, silence, contacting, connection,CONTINUITY (COMMUNITY), purpose, EMPOWER learning, MENT, exploring, creation, inventing, beauty, discharging, nature, resting, freedom working, CREATING, cultural feeling
  18. 18. A sustainable system produces all the energy and resources that it needs for its maintenance and growth.physical What remains is the “harvest” Legal / social administrative Input energy < Maintenance energy + HARVEST biological cultural spatial “HARVEST” of a system is theorically unlimited - IMAGINATION - temporal Considers „upstream costs‟ (input enegy) & „downstream costs‟ (e.g. health) Cicles technical Niches in time “catching the flow” ENERGY ACCOUNTING conservation (Sustainability)
  19. 19. Montfort Boys own food & resources with Town, Fiji pisciculture 1996 – ZERI & Prof. George ChanFISH + Brewery Waste = 5 new businesses
  20. 20. Using 1997 Local Resources < with rice YIELD Brewery MUSH straw & saw waste ROOMS dust mushrooms substrate > Building mushroom FertileFISH Connections enzymes pig food Appropiate Technology PIGS Mini -Max BIO- waste DIGESTOR
  21. 21. 1997 < with Brewery MUSH rice YIELD straw waste ROOMS & saw mushrooms dust substrate > mushroom FISH PESCADO enzymes GAS pig food PIGS ALGAE BIO- waste DIGESTORshallow pools
  22. 22. 1997 SOCIAL Good Design CAPITALphysical YIELD Brewery MUSH < with waste rice mushrooms ROOMS straw substrate > & saw dust appropiate social biological technology appropiate cultural technology FISH + border mushroom polyculture + FISH enzymes hydrophonics GAS pig food technical appropiate Legal / appropiate conservation technology admini- PIGS technology strativaspatial ALGAE BIO- waste DIGESTORshallow pools
  23. 23. Sustainability on a small scale, as on a big scale, meansthat a system creates or stores more energy during its lifetimethan it needs for it to be created and maintained resources consumption pollution Energy Cycling
  24. 24. Also works with Invisible Resources cultural Limiting Population & resources Consumptionappropiate prosuming tecniquestechnology pollution other resources social
  25. 25. Harvesting only sunlight Sustainability on a small scale .... other as on a big scale ... means resources that a system creates or stores more energy during its lifetime than it needs for it to be created and maintained resources appropiate technologyappropiatetechnology prosuming other polució resources n other resources “catching the flow”
  26. 26. M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital? Definitions Integrated in Whole Design Direct link to this Creativity chapter in the e-book: www.bit.ly/ Innovation Design4 SocialCapital
  27. 27. it‟s… seeing something NEW when you look at something OLD is at the Heart ofCREATIVITY CIVILIZATION and THE DRIVING FORCE of rEVOLUTION is
  28. 28. “Creativity isinventing experimenting, growing, taking risks, breaking rules, making errors, & having fun" - Mary Lou Cook - Creativity is Intelligence having Fun Albert Einstein
  29. 29. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi“If I had to summarize what distinguishes creative people I‟d use word complexity.Instead of a single individual they’re a multitude.Like the colour white includes all the colours, creative people usually contain thewhole range of human possibilities inside themselves.”Convergent thought (rational, judgemental) & Divergent thought (intuitive, visionary) at the same time Creativity allows for paradox, light & shadow, inconsistency, even chaos and creative people experience all extremes with the same intensity.”
  30. 30. vertical door cold air heavier 1 kWh / day is wasted cultural insulation Imagination consume less power/volume, even though they maintain much colder temperatures thermostat outside (cuts off power when technical required temperature is reached) to measure used energy0.1 kWh / day90 seconds / hour (silent) social
  31. 31. Super-Summary: Collective Intelligence= getting rid of ego issues Imagination ... .. is changing the viewpoint When everybody thinks the same, it’s because nobody is thinking
  32. 32. M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital? Definitions Integrated in Whole Design Direct link to this Creativity chapter in the e-book: www.bit.ly/ Innovation Design4 SocialCapital
  33. 33. What‟s the difference between… CREATIVITY & INNOVATION Skill to generate Capacity to apply new ideas creativity to generate valuechanges Perception changes Reality CREATIVITY INNOVATION requires thought requires action John Kao
  34. 34. This is a wholecomputer, withits peripheralsHow?!
  35. 35. Assembled, it looks like this…
  36. 36. One piece is the screen& the other the keyboard
  37. 37. Just put yourfingers in theimage and type.Easy, isn’t it?!...There aredifferent models.
  38. 38. There’s also amodel for PALMs.
  39. 39. IF a technology can expand enough… then it’screativity that has turned into innovation.
  40. 40. M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital? Definitions Integrated in Whole Design Direct link to this Creativity chapter in the e-book: www.bit.ly/ Innovation Design4 SocialCapital
  41. 41. Social Capital CAPACITY POWER ABILITY to improve societyWhat increases & Whatdecreases our Capacity, Power & Ability?
  42. 42. sustainable development•3. El salto social, chapter 7•Theaim of the environmental policy of the salto social is to graduallyadvance toward sustainable human development,•understood as the amplification of the capacities of the through the development ofpopulation,social capital, to satisfy the needs of present generationsthrough prudent management of natural resources,•whilst maintaining options open for the well-being of future generations.
  43. 43. what CREATES Social Capital? & how do we develop technologies to increase it? Sustainable Development is that which can ... Satisfy the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the possibilities of future ones to attend to their own needs. Brudtland Report 20 March 1987We need an Exponential Growthof Intelligence, Wisdom, Creativity, Innovation ...& Social Capital (how all this inter-connects to INNOVATE)
  44. 44. The variable which is considered the most important when itcomes to quantifying social capital ... is social confidence.Many studies demonstrate that a high level of social confidence reduces the costs of any type of transaction & facilitatesthe flow of information. Societies with a PEOPLES CONFIDENCE higher level of confidence have an additional potential for achieving % economic growth, although confidence on its own is not enough. Capital social: las relaciones sociales afectan al desarrollo (Marta Portela Maseda e Isabel Neira Gómez) The question that is put in order to analyze the level of social confidence is: “Generally speaking, do you believe that the majority of people can be trusted or does one have to be careful in dealing with people?”
  45. 45. The variable which is considered the most important when itcomes to quantifying social capital ... is social confidence.Many studies demonstrate that a high level of social confidence reduces the costs of any type of transaction & facilitatesthe flow of information. social confidence Conclusion: social networks should be encouraged, because through them an increase in general confidence can be achieved, which affects the development of the nation. Capital social: las relaciones sociales afectan al desarrollo (Marta Portela Maseda e Isabel Neira Gómez)
  46. 46. Confidence relates also to maturity Natural Successions
  47. 47. How to organize actions in a world of distributed networks? Renouncing control. Movements grow through spontaneous joining, planning what who is going to do when doesnt make any sense. All relevant & authentically distributed movements of the last decades have displayed two necessary phases: Deliberation: localized in forums & blogs, necessarily of a «minority», forming a new consensus, which, translated into slogans, will convert to mobilization. (Social Laboratory of new dialogues)  Successful activism has much of the self-fulfilling prophecy. When a certain level is reached of people who not only wants to but believes they can change things, change becomes inevitable.  No strict hierarchies of values are imposed nor a credo, instead qualities, channels, of a certain way of seeing the world are proposed, of a certain life style which will be the real binding agent of the network. Centralized Network
  48. 48.  There is a strong identifying character which is the robustness of the network.  The idea is to develop tools & put them at the disposal of the public  The visibility of the heterogeneous (& the possibility to dissent with those who exert power without being left out of the system but in fact being recognized as a necessary part of it), the rupture of passivity is the culmination of the whole empowerment strategy. Mobilization: articulated over the outreach tools (YouTube but also Facebook including, to a lesser degree, Twitter) & of direct communication one on one as with SMS or digital files with posters or stickers that anyone can reproduce & distribute.Distributed Network
  49. 49. M4.8 * How can we design toIncrease and Improve Social Capital? Definitions Integrated in All Design Direct link to this • Creativity chapter in the e-book: www.bit.ly/ • Innovation Design4 SocialCapital

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