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PDC+++ Module 3 Class 3 Vital Cycles

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  • Gaia, the great living organism that is Earth, can be understood as a whole made out of millions of vital cycles that interrelate, each one continuously transforming & cycling the elements essential for Life (like oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, etc.) in order for these to be usable in their optimal form for each organism that needs them. It is our great ignorance of these cycles, & of their vital importance for the equilibrium of the whole system, that has brought us to making great design errors, as humanity & as individuals. In this class we get up to date with an essential aspect of the functioning of our home, the Living Planet & we get familiar with the most fundamental blocks that support the whole of Life.
  • As Janine Benyus puts it, Life always produces the conditions conducive to Life. There is no central control unit in the system, that orchestrates every part’s behaviour; by being fully themselves, fully alert and fully responsive to changes in their environment, the system’s components become interconnected to actually form that system, in an emergent process
  • Apply self-regulation & accept feedback Creatively use & respond to change
  • propósito o función ... ej. sistema digestivo, (respiratorio, sanguíneo ... cuerpo> vivir, reproducirse, comer..) Ej. De Bono sobre PAGAR a empleados que inventan formas de hacer obsoletos sus trabajos ... más cosecha
  • Oya is the powerful Yoruba Goddess of the Winds of Change; the Primeval Mother of Chaos; Queen of the Nine (for the nine tributaries of the Niger River). Using her machete, or sword of truth, she cuts through stagnation and clears the way for new growth. She does what needs to be done. She is the wild woman, the force of change; lightning, fire, tornadoes, earthquakes and storms of all kinds are ruled by Oya. She is also Queen of the Marketplace, a shrewd businesswoman and adept with horses. As the wind, she is the first breath and the last, the one who carries the spirits of the dead to the other world, which is why she is associated with cemeteries. The sculpture on the right is after the Oya Shrine: Female Equestrian by Bamgboye, Odo-Owa, Ekiti region, mid 20th century. The heads on her necklace are from the same piece. http://www.goddessmyths.com
  • se transforma algo sagrado, lleno de signíficado, en algo unidimensional, y ‘malo’ Perseus NO es algo que ‘pasó’ ... es un proceso continuo, aquí ahora.. .. si no se sana, se pasa a los hijos ... solo cambia de forma
  • we are thoroughly trained to avoid, flush away, disinfect, kill off as thoroughly as possible the very basis of the abundance of nature (the other half of the cycles of nature which we so often consider 'dirty': the dark side of Gaia)
  • Ulcer on heel of patient with diabetes mellitus http://drbloem.com/treatment-options/maggot-debridement-therapy/ The following pictures are courtesy of Pam Mitchell. They show a foot with a diabetic ulcer. Maggot debridement therapy (MDT) not only saved the patient’s foot, but also her life. The maggots worked on the bone and helped the patient heal from osteomyelitis. The first picture is just before MDT.
  • We think we are so much more rational than 'primitive people' .. (or someone 'else') but in fact in some of the situations where it would be very important to use the scientific method (in our everyday relationships), we actually prefer to stick to our dogmas (lots of the pain in conflict is saying "don't touch my dogma"! (dogma= un-questioned beliefs ... & they can be anything, from "all x people are evil" to "am fundamentally un-lovable", etc.) ... so we don't evolve
  • Otra posible relación del azufre con el cambio global tiene que ver con la función del dimetil sulfito (DMS) en la formación de nubes sobre áreas oceánicas. El DMS es producido de forma natural en áreas oceánicas por actividad biológica. Los estudios han revelado que el DMS puede promover la producción de núcleos por (de) condensación de nubes, lo cual favorece a las partículas para el crecimiento de nubes con gotas. Por lo tanto la abundancia de plantas marinas puede producir suficientes cantidades de DMS y aumentar la formación de nubes locales y posibilita el incremento de la precipitación. Esto se convierte en el eslabón directo entre la biosfera y la meteorología local. También abre la posibilidad para que pueda haber un eslabón entre los cambios en el ozono estratosférico y la meteorología local, por lo tanto, al incrementarse los niveles de radiación ultravioleta sobre el océano, se puede suspender la actividad biológica en ellos, lo que en su momento permitiría reducir las emisiones de DMS, y a su vez reducir la nubosidad y precipitación en áreas oceánicas. No conocemos suficiente acerca de la magnitud de ese efecto, para poder evaluar su importancia en relación con otros procesos de cambio global.
  • En cuanto al caso particular del ciclo del oxígeno, el origen de este elemento libre se remonta a 3200 millones de anos,' cuando se inició la fotosíntesis en el planeta. Recuerde que en la fotosíntesis se rompe de manera natural, y debido a la acción de la energía solar, la molécula de agua en sus dos componentes: el hidrógeno, necesario para la posterior síntesis de carbohidratos, y el oxígeno, que escapa hacia la atmósfera. Recuerde también que el desprendimiento de este oxígeno primigenio contribuyó a la constitución de ozono (O ) de la capa atmosférica, gas que impide, en las partes superiores de la atmósfera, el paso de las radiaciones UV (ultravioletas) del Sol; esta pantalla protectora posibilitó la salida y evolución gradual de los organismos del mar, sitio donde se desarrollaron inicialmente porque no podían abandonarlo mientras no existiese una protección contra la luz ultravioleta. Los estudios evolutivos señalan la presencia de las plantas vasculares terrestres hasta muchos millones de anos después; las investigaciones indican que esto ocurrió hace apenas 400 millones de anos. Él oxígeno en la naturaleza es requerido para activar cualquier combustión u oxidación; los procesos vivientes con los que se relaciona fundamentalmente son la fotosíntesis y la respiración, ya que en la primera se produce oxígeno, mientras que todos los organismos que respiran por métodos aeróbicos, requieren aire para desarrollar este proceso y especialmente consumen oxígeno. Como hoy en día esta de moda hablar del ozono podríamos preguntarnos: Acaso el ozono es el oxígeno triatómico (0,) que se encuentra en las capas mas superiores de la atmósfera? La respuesta seria si, allí esta el ozono cuyo origen biológico se remonta a un periodo mayor de 3000 millones de anos y fue contemporáneo de las primeras bacteria fotosintéticas; pero el ozono de que se habla en nuestros días es otro y se le considera contaminante y tiene un origen diferente.
  • http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/scripter/geog100/lect/16-ecosystems-biomes/ecosystems-files/ecosystems.htm
  • A pathogen ( Greek : πάθος pathos , "suffering, passion" and γἰγνομαι (γεν-) gignomai (gen-) "I give birth to") or infectious agent — colloquially, a germ — is a micro be or m icroorganis m such as a v irus , bacterium , prion , or fu ngus th at causes disease in its animal or plant host
  • Ultimately, the fate of the biosphere rests on the success of plants and their ability to capture sunlight.
  • http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/scripter/geog100/lect/16-ecosystems-biomes/ecosystems-files/ecosystems.htm
  • imagine lots of ascending spirals that interrelate amongst each other ... are the life cycles of lots of thousands of creatures that, combining, push natural succession of an ecosystem
  • Mangroves help stabilize soils on tropical coasts.  The dense tangle of aerial roots of the red mangrove (left) cushions the impact of waves and protects the shoreline behind the mangroves from the full source of storms.  
  • Black Mangrove roots (in the foreground of the image to lower left, with red mangrove roots behind the trunk of the black mangrove tree) send up pneumatophores to supply the roots with oxygen (necessary in the anoxic soils around the mangroves).  These pneumatophores, however, also contribute to holding the soil in place.   Thus protected, the beach communities can continue succession.  If the mangroves and beach communities are destroyed by a major storm then succession will be reset.  The red mangrove seedling, below, if it survives and grows will be a vanguard for the beach community, extending it seaward another 10 meters or so.
  • Transcript

    • 1. M3.3 pdc+++
      • Gaia, the great living organism that is Earth, can be understood as a whole made out of millions of vital cycles that interrelate, each one continuously transforming & cycling the elements essential for Life (like oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, etc.) in order for these to be usable in their optimal form for each organism that needs them.
      • It is our great ignorance of these & other life cycles, & of their vital importance for the equilibrium of the whole system, that has brought us to making great design
      • errors, as humanity & as individuals.
      • In this class we get up to date with an essential aspect of the functioning of our home, the Living Planet & we get familiar with the most fundamental blocks that support the whole of Life.
      of the an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles PDC + + +
    • 2. wangari maathai Kenia , 1 apr il 194 0 - 25 sept ember 2011 "African women in general need to know that it's OK for them to be the way they are - to see the way they are as a strength, and to be liberated from fear and from silence" "Until you dig a hole, you plant a tree, you water it and make it survive, you haven't done a thing. You are just talking."
    • 3.
      • The Fear of Death
      • The Elementals
      • Growth Cycles
      • Natural Succession
      • Terrestrial Biomes
      • Our Niche in Gaia
      an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
    • 4.
      • The Fear of Death
      • The Elementals
      • Growth Cycles
      • Natural Succession
      • Terrestrial Biomes
      • Our Niche in Gaia
      an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
    • 5. Life always produces the conditions conducive to Life
      • There is no central control unit in the system, that orchestrates every part's behavior;
      • by being
      • fully themselves , fully alert & fully responsive to changes in their environment,
      • the system's components become interconnected to actually form that system, in an emergent process
      Janine Benyus cycle
    • 6. "Everything Gardens" Self regulates toward maximum fertility & sustainability Apply Self-regulation and accept feedback Observe & Interact Use & Respond Creatively to Change
    • 7. Systems & SubSystems Elements InterConnexions Purpose your respiratory system your digestive system your circulatory system heart arteries veins capillaries etc. your body: the whole self-regulates to keep you alive M2.1 flows of information rules, laws, protocols, guides feedback (+ y - )
    • 8.
      • it is something very rooted in the 'Taker' cultures (it could be said it is precisely for this that we are Takers)
      • essentially ... the fear of death is the fear of letting cycles complete
      • but ... if we block vital cycles, the system gets sick , it de-regulates
      • all vital cycles include the death of something
      • even though it might 'only' be in our perception
      • The Fear of Death
      Particularly, we ignore the 'Kali' aspect of the Mother Goddess, including now in Her 'reclaiming' cycle
    • 9. Conferencia de Monedas Complementarias, Brihuega 2-4 marzo 2007 Is a powerful Yoruba Goddess, who governs the Winds of Change. She is the Primordial Mother of Chaos OYA! Oya is the Spirit of the Wind, the thunder, lightning, tornados ... Oya brings sudden & drastic change ... she DOES WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE, Oya keeps us from stagnating A common anthropological characteristic of every advanced mammalian species that survives and thrives is the fierce behavior of the adult female when she senses a threat to her cubs. Our relative complacency while 17,000 children on our planet starve to death every day -- one every five seconds -- indicates a lack of positive intention, on the part of our species, literally to survive. Marianne Williamson
    • 10. Conferencia de Monedas Complementarias, Brihuega 2-4 marzo 2007 the demonization process Oya is ... protector of children, of childbirth, of the market, (governs the justice of the market) Medusa ¡Oya! cycle
    • 11. The 'Pagan Wheel of the Year' & the story of the God & Goddess honors life and death equally M5 > Designing with Myths We are very well trained to avoid, flush away, disinfect, thoroughly kill ... ... the very same base of the abundance of nature - the other half of the cycles of nature that are often considered 'dirty' or 'deprived': the "dark side" of Gaia
    • 12. Maggot Debridement Therapy a badly infected heel Terapia Larval saves her life (but it is very difficult to find doctors willing to do this )
    • 13. USE this process non-selectively! (not just when 'convenient') Conflict Resolution dogma what is "conflict"? gossipist /therapist M1.6 Perception Is Not Reality your story my story cycle THINK Reflexionar ACT Observe Design Hypothesis Prediction Experiment
    • 14. Honoring the Pain Joanna Macey The Work that Reconnects "To reframe our pain for the world as evidence of their interconnectedness in the web of life, and hence of our power to take part in its healing" Coming from Gratitude seeing with new Eyes Going Forth this stage requires discharge to work well (see M1.6) + is punctuated by lots of the "death of the ego" that Scott Peck refers to (can be intensely painful & so preferably done with lots of support) Shadow-Work cycle
    • 15.
      • The Fear of Death
      • The Elementals
      • Growth Cycles
      • Natural Succession
      • Terrestrial Biomes
      • Our Niche in Gaia
      an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
    • 16. Biomass Soil Nutrients Microorganism transform nutrients into form available to plants Macro and Micro-organisms break down organic matter
    • 17. Aerobic bacteria break Down Organic matter in the pressence Of Oxigen Tremendous demand Of Oxigen in the soil Oxigen exhausted Ethylene inactivs but Does not kill other microorganisms Anaerobic bacter produces Ethylene which diffuses Thru the soil Anaerobic bacter grow And multiply in absence Of Oxigen Oxigen inactivates Anaerobic bacter Demands for Oxigen Slows down so it diffuses Into soil faster Oxigen- Ethylene Cycle in a healthy Soil
    • 18.  
    • 19. Controled by M Cu Zn P K Fe N Ca Mg S And other 40 more Release Biomass Soil Nutrients
    • 20. Oxigen Cycle Ethylen Cycle
    • 21.  
    • 22. NO3 Acts as the Oxigen in the Ethylene Cycle Causing the uncontrolling Breakdown of organic matter In a undisturbed soil In a disturbed soil 15 – 20 ppm NH4 >2 ppm NO3 20 – 200 ppm NO3 no NH4
    • 23. Oxigen Cycle Ethylene Cycle Nitrogen Cycle
    • 24. Rhizosphere
    • 25. http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/scripter/geog100/lect/16-ecosystems-biomes/ecosystems-files/ecosystems.htm
    • 26. Ploughing breaks down The soil and aireates It very quickly Nitrifying bacteria Turn NH4 into NO3 A lot of NH4 is produced Without plants to consume it Uncontrolled breakdown Of organic matter occur Oxigen inactivates Anaerobic bacteria so No Ethylene is produced During the process the Soil becomes more acid and Other nutrients (Ca, K, Cd..) are lost Oxigen- Ethylene Cycle in a Cultivated Soil Most of the Carbon goes Into the air as CO2 We have an unbalance soil Without Energy nor nutrient, so We need to use fertilizers
    • 27. Carbon Cycle
    • 28.  
    • 29. Water Cycle
    • 30.  
    • 31. Sulfur Cycle
    • 32.  
    • 33. Life Gaia – a complex organism that self-regulates Intelligence?
    • 34.  
    • 35.  
    • 36.
      • The Fear of Death
      • The Elementals
      • Growth Cycles
      • Natural Succession
      • Terrestrial Biomes
      • Our Niche in Gaia
      an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
    • 37. does not, in fact, exist We could see our mania with polarizing & with creating dichotomies (eg. "biotic" & "non-biotic") as symptomatic of a profound non-acceptance or mis-understanding of cycles (even as we speak of cycles)
    • 38. they are ALL cycles within cycles within cycles ...
    • 39. each of the animals the salmon needs to survive has it's own life cycle which needs an ecosystem (an interconnected web of millions of cycles) to develop in The rivers & estuaries the salmon rely on to reproduce also have their own cycles And the river & salmon cycles sustain the bears' life cycle .. & the phosphorus cycle for the whole catchment All are the forest
    • 40. Each creature has its niche .. also in the Cycle of Life what is their fave food The primary producers are carnivores! pathogens create illness & kill cycle
    • 41. Ultimately, the fate of the biosphere rests on the success of plants and their ability to capture sunlight. 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Energy -  C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 -  6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Energy Look them up! << Fungi don't photosynthesize >> glucose
    • 42. Life Cycles & Growth Cycles also include ALL 'creatures' of Gaia ... also completely interrelated with all the rest of life (like geological formations, cultural developments, etc.) They are only ARTIFICIALLY separated from all the other cycles and we won't go into them here but hope you will investigate & contribute to slowly add these in our e-book www.PermaCultureScience.org
    • 43.
      • The Fear of Death
      • The Elementals
      • Growth Cycles
      • Natural Succession
      • Terrestrial Biomes
      • Our Niche in Gaia
      an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
    • 44. it is only by devolving responsability & self-regulated functions that a stable life-system can evolve The role of a successful design is to create a system that self-regulates self-regulates? M2.1 dreamsprayer.com
    • 45. Eros & the direction of Evolution Annual plants 'weeds' Hardwood trees deeper soil Perennial plants & grasses Shrubs shallow soil Softwood trees, pines > Biodiversity > stability > biomass > solar-harvesting ... all increase >> What is Natural Succession?
    • 46. leafy greens true weeds grasses woody annuals grasses tomatoes corn wheat spinach carrot broccoli Bushes, berries, nuts, stone fruits Conifers, oaks, nuts Redwood, pecan, chestnut Strawberry, apple, timothy grass F:B Ratio Bacterial (0:1 - 1:2) Balanced (1:1) Fungal (2:1 - 200:1) High Fungal (200:1 - 1000:1) Example Plant Group Example Species
    • 47. Are Natural Succesion!!
    • 48.
      • The Fear of Death
      • The Elementals
      • Growth Cycles
      • Natural Succession
      • Terrestrial Biomes
      • Our Niche in Gaia
      an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
    • 49. The Terrestrial Biomes
    • 50. Main Biomes function of Water & Temp. but also soils & fauna change things
    • 51. & of course Typography also creates lots of micro-climates so one area can have several biomes another form for visualizing biomes according to the relationship between temperature & humidity
    • 52.  
    • 53. Mangroves help stabilize (& create) soils on tropical & sub-tropical coasts They are amongst the richest, most fertile (& probably the smelliest) biomes on Earth Pneumatophores (seeking oxygen for roots) contribute to holding the soil in place
    • 54.
      • The Fear of Death
      • The Elementals
      • Growth Cycles
      • Natural Succession
      • Terrestrial Biomes
      • Our Niche in Gaia
      an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
    • 55. Our Niche in Gaia Of which vital cycles are you a part? Which do you support? & which are you slowing or blocking? Which cycles might work better with the supply of energy or information that only you have? A Permaculture Designers' Vital Question:

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