02 Microsoft Server Virtualisatie Deel 2

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presentation used for the Nobel Server virtualization seminar series.

Presentation ais about Microsoft Hyper-V. Nobel is the Dutch hyper-v expert. Presentations are given by Hans Vredevoort, Microsoft MVP Hyper-V

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02 Microsoft Server Virtualisatie Deel 2

  1. 1. Virtualisatie met Hyper-V 2008 R2 en Virtual Machine Manager Nobel
  2. 2. Agenda deel 2
  3. 3. Hyper-V 2008 R2 Architectuur en verbeteringen
  4. 4. Traditionele computerarchitectuur
  5. 5. Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Architectuur
  6. 6. Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Architectuur Linux VSC VMBus
  7. 7. Hyper-V 2008 R2          
  8. 8. Beschikbaarheid Live Migration Cluster Shared Volumes Hot Add/remove van disks Processor Compatibility Mode
  9. 9. Live Migration    
  10. 10. Live Migration scenario’s Live migration voor onderhoud Host is nu offline voor onderhoud (hardware, software) Shared Storage
  11. 11. Live Migration scenario’s Dynamische load balancing met SCVMM/PRO Shared Storage
  12. 12. Live Migration Hoe het werkt   Blauw = Storage Oranje = Netwerk
  13. 13. Cluster Shared Volumes (CSV)        
  14. 14. Failover Clustering Cluster Shared Volumes Concurrent access to a single file I/O Redirected via system network Single Volume SAN VHD VHD VHD
  15. 15. CSV: Netwerk Fouttolerantie Metadata Updates Network Path Rerouted to Connectivity Failure redundant network VM running on Metadata Updates Node 2 is Rerouted to unaffected redundant network Coordinator Network Path Node SAN Connectivity Failure Fout-tolerante verbindingen over alle netwerken VHD
  16. 16. CSV: SAN Fouttolerantie I/O Redirected via SMB VM running on Node 2 is unaffected Coordinator SAN SAN Connectivity Node Failure VHD
  17. 17. CSV: Node Fouttolerantie Node Failure VM running on Node 2 is unaffected Coordinator Node Brief queuing of I/O Coordinator Node SAN while volume ownership (Coordinator) is changed VHD
  18. 18. Hot Add/Remove Disks
  19. 19. Processor Compatibility Mode
  20. 20. Verbeterde Prestaties Second Level Address Translation TCP Offload ondersteuning Virtual Machine Queue (VMQ) ondersteuning Jumbo Frame ondersteuning
  21. 21. Second Level Address Translation Ondersteuning van nieuwe processor-eigenschappen
  22. 22. Verbeterde Networking    
  23. 23. Virtualized Network I/O Data Path Parent Partition VM1 VM2 Virtual Machine Switch Routing VLAN Filtering TCP/IP TCP/IP Data Copy Port 2 Port 1 VM NIC 1 VM NIC 2 Miniport Driver NIC VM BUS Ethernet
  24. 24. Network I/O Data Path met VMQ Parent Partition VM1 VM2 Virtual Machine Switch Routing TCP/IP TCP/IP VLAN filtering Data Copy Port 2 Port 1 VM NIC 1 VM NIC 2 Miniport Driver Default Q1 Q2 Queue VM BUS Switch/Routing unit NIC Ethernet
  25. 25. Grotere Schaalbaarheid Ondersteuning voor 64 Logische Processoren Core Parking
  26. 26. Ondersteuning voor 64 Logische Processoren
  27. 27. Processor Core Parking
  28. 28. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 Eigenschappen
  29. 29. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 Gratis R2      
  30. 30. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 Architectuur Core Architectuur Windows Server 2008 R2 Server .NET WOW Cert 64 2.0/3/3. PS ASP.NET Server RDS SNMP Backup Clustering WDS 5 AD Print Media DNS DHCP AD File IIS Hyper-V Bitlocker MultipathIO LDS Server Server Core GUI, Shell, Security, TCP/IP, File Systems, RPC, IE, Media, plus other Core Server Sub-Systems Mail, Etc.
  31. 31. Reductie in patches 1 Genormaliseerd op Windows Server 2008 0,9 0,8 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,1 0 Windows Server 2008 (Full) Windows Server 2008 (Server Core) Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008 ~50% reboots minder
  32. 32. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 vs. Windows Server 2008 R2 Microsoft Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 EE, DC Capabilities Hyper-V Server 2008 Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 (Hyper-V) Number of Logical processors 24 64 64 supported Number of Sockets (Licensing) Up to 4 Up to 8 Up to 8 = EE | Up to 64 = DC Memory Up to 32 GB Up to 1 TB Up to 1TB VM Migration None Quick and Live migration Quick and Live Migration Number of VM’s per node in a cluster Not applicable 64 64 Virtualization Rights for EE = 4 VM 0 0 Windows Server 2008 guests DC = unlimited VM’s Up to 192, or as many as physical Number of running VM Guests Up to 384, or as many as physical resources allow Up to 384, or as many as physical resources allow resources allow Windows Server 2008 CALs Required No No No for Guest Server OS Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008 & SP2, Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows 2000 Server, SLES 10, SLES 11, Red Hat Enterprise 5.2/5.3, Guest OS support Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1, SP2 & Windows XP SP3/SP2
  33. 33. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 Embedded
  34. 34. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 Configuratie en beheer
  35. 35. Installatie • Hardware Requirements – Hardware-assisted Virtualization support (Intel-VT, AMD-V) – Data Execution Prevention enabled • Additional hardware support for: – Virtual Machine Queues (VMQ) – Second Level Address Translation (SLAT) • Extended Page Tables (EPT) – Intel • Nested Page Tables (NPT) – AMD • Media – Bootable USB/DVD • 10 to 15 minute install (~ 1,5 GB ISO) • WDS
  36. 36. Configuratie met SCONFIG
  37. 37. Sconfig ‘onder water’ • Vbscript in %SystemRoot%System32%locale% – C:windowssystem32en-us – Roept objecten aan, WMI, tools • Allow MMC Remote Management – Enables VDS (automatic and start) • Enable Windows PowerShell – Stelt Execution Policy in – Installeert .Net Framework (enable feature) • Enable Server Manager Remote Management – Installeert Server Manager PowerShell cmdlets • Download and install updates – Voert separaat download script uit • Failover Clustering Feature – Enable/Disable Failover Clustering
  38. 38. Overige command line tools • Network Shell – Netsh • File System Utility – Fsutil • Access Control Lists – Icacls • Disk Partitioning – Diskpart
  39. 39. iSCSI en MPIO iSCSI initiator Multi-path management Command line (iscsicli.exe) Enable MPIO GUI (iscsicpl.exe) ocsetup MultipathIo Command line (mpclaim.exe) GUI (mpiocpl.exe)
  40. 40. Additionele tools • Core Configurator 2 • Draait op de host – Remote PS in de planning • http://coreconfig.codeplex.com/
  41. 41. Specifiek: untrusted scenario • Untrusting domains, workgroups • Vereist erg veel configuratiewerk: – Mirrored admin accounts – WMI security permissions (rootcimv2, rootvirtualization) – Azman security permissions (InitialStore) – DCOM security permissions permissions – Diverse firewall rules – Aanpassingen gelden zowel client als server side • Oplossing:  gebruik HVRemote.wsf – Configureert alle instellingen voor remote management in alle scenarios
  42. 42. High Availability • Failover Clustering • 16 nodes per cluster • Ondersteund maximum van 64 VM’s per node • Aanbevelingen – Voorkom een ‘hollands cluster’  • 1 node voor failover, extra node voor onderhoud – Afhankelijk van cluster-grootte – Netwerk adapters: • 1 NIC voor domain access en management • 1 NIC voor virtual machines • 1 NIC voor CSV / Live Migration (>= 1Gb) • 1 NIC voor iSCSI
  43. 43. Beheer op afstand… Enable remote management via SCONFIG, Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine beheer via Manager 2008 R2 Hyper-V manager in Windows Server 2008 R2 PowerShell (ISE + Remoting) Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 7 (gratis)
  44. 44. Server Manager Remote • 2008 R2 maakt remote management via Server Manager mogelijk • Vereist “Enable Server Manager Remote Management” • Vereist Windows Firewall inbound rules te worden enabled
  45. 45. Samenvatting Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 • Gratis • Gelijke eigenschappen als de Windows Enterprise-editie – Gebaseerd op Core • Kleine footprint, snel • Eenvoudig te installeren en beheren
  46. 46. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 • Microsoft.com/virtualization – Startpunt voor virtualisatie • Deploying Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 on USB Flash Drive – Artikel op TechNet • Create bootable USB drive for Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 – Tool op code.msdn.microsoft.com
  47. 47. Virtual Machine Manager 2008 R2
  48. 48.          
  49. 49. Ondersteuning van Window Server 2008 R2    
  50. 50. Quick Storage Migration
  51. 51. Nieuw in System Center VMM 2008 R2         
  52. 52. Meer informatie • Microsoft virtualisatie – www.microsoft.com/virtualization • Hyper-V Server – Www.microsoft.com/hyper-v-server • Video’s – http://www.microsoft.com/netherlands/virtualisatie/resources/video s-webcasts/default.mspx
  53. 53. www.hyper-v.nu

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