Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in a Hybrid Economy                      Lawrence Lessig                      Part 1...
Preface•   Copyright is critically           •   Copyright laws    important to a healthy                create the incent...
Copyright Wars•   Not actual conflicts of survival•   Wars of survival for certain businesses and business models•   Other ...
John Philip Sousa•   Famous American                             •   He was not entitled to    composer                   ...
Shifting Cultures                            •   A move from local•   Sousa did not like          amateur sub-            ...
Read/Only Culture•   When a society is “less    practiced in    performance, or amateur    creativity, and more           ...
Read/Write Culture•   When “ordinary citizens    “read” their culture by    listening to it or by      •   Linux - Wikiped...
Cultures Compared•   Amateur vs. Professional   •   The balance that existed                                   between Rea...
Context•   Fundamental Concepts of the Digital Age - Legal and Cultural•   The Language of New Media - Lev Manovich•   Hyb...
Questions•   Can you think of examples of some read/write or read    only cultures? Can you think of any instances of a cl...
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Remixprez1

  1. 1. Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in a Hybrid Economy Lawrence Lessig Part 1: Cultures
  2. 2. Preface• Copyright is critically • Copyright laws important to a healthy create the incentives culture. to produce great new works that otherwise• Properly balanced, it is would not be produced essential to inspiring certain forms of creativity.• “The inspiration for this book is the copyright wars, by which right - thinking sorts mean not the “war” on copyright “waged” by “pirates” but the “war” on “piracy,” which “threatens” the “survival” of certain important American industries. (xv)”
  3. 3. Copyright Wars• Not actual conflicts of survival• Wars of survival for certain businesses and business models• Other values are affected by this war• “We must make sure this war doesn’t cost more than it is worth. We must be sure it is winnable, or winnable at a price we’re willing to pay. (xvi)”• Technology enables us to create and spread creative work differently from how it was created and spread before• “What kind of moral platform will sustain our kids, when their ordinary behaviour is deemed criminal? Who will they become? (xvii)”
  4. 4. John Philip Sousa• Famous American • He was not entitled to composer any royalties from his recordings• Known for his marches; Washington Post and Stars and Stripes • Companies that sold Forever recorded versions of songs were not required to pay the songwriters• 1906 testified before Congress to complain about the existing • Sousa considered this a form of piracy copyright laws
  5. 5. Shifting Cultures • A move from local• Sousa did not like amateur sub- cultures to a centralized concept of highly produced recorded music authoritative culture• He feared a • the distinction between centralized the culture that Sousa commercially produced feared and the one that he and controlled music embraced as; culture Read Only culture and Read Write culture
  6. 6. Read/Only Culture• When a society is “less practiced in performance, or amateur creativity, and more • RCA corporation -Viacom comfortable with simple consumption. (28)” • Control • Production • Distribution • Platform
  7. 7. Read/Write Culture• When “ordinary citizens “read” their culture by listening to it or by • Linux - Wikipedia reading representations of it. They add to the • “The code that built the culture they read by Net came from a sharing creating and re-creating economy. (163)” the culture around them. (28)” • Collaboration • Remix Culture
  8. 8. Cultures Compared• Amateur vs. Professional • The balance that existed between Read Only and Read Write culture, has• Values been altered• Education • The internet has created a a cultural shift towards• Money a Read Write society• The Purpose of Law • Further implications
  9. 9. Context• Fundamental Concepts of the Digital Age - Legal and Cultural• The Language of New Media - Lev Manovich• Hybrid creativity - Hybrid economies• Building on History and Theory - Computing and Networking - Creativity and Commerce• Recent legislation is an attempt to reconcile differences between the Read Write Culture and the earlier Read Only culture
  10. 10. Questions• Can you think of examples of some read/write or read only cultures? Can you think of any instances of a clash of these two cultural interests?• Is there an inherent conflict between read/only and read/ write cultures?• What should law makers do? What kinds of laws could be written in an attempt to create a balanced and fair intellectual property system for the digital age?

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