MALAYSIAN STUDIES       FOREIGN POLICY
Introduction to Foreign                 Policy
13.0 Introduction
Started before                                   independence, in the era of                                   Melaka Sul...
TheMalaysian ForeignPolicy byDifferent Leader
The Formation of the Foreign Policy    The Geo-                                Political     strategic                    ...
• Malaysia    located on the sea junction             (between the Pacific Ocean             and the Hindi Ocean)
•   Practises democracyfully supports human freedom and           the well-being of the people
citizens of various races                focus on unityMALAYSIA           respect towards human                 basic rights
• Safety – an important agenda• Malaysia is located at strategic area and needs to be secure
• More important – relationship of Malaysia                                                    Brunei• Regarding to the  h...
Foreign policy – instrumental in providingtechnology transferExport and import of Malaysia’s product
• Malaysia – a part of wider            region and            larger            world               Relationship of Malay...
The Formation of the Foreign Policy    The Geo-                                Political     strategic                    ...
To instill good relationships                                   and improve cooperation           To defend and           ...
The Role of the Foreign       Ministry
The Priorities OfMalaysia’s Policy
EAEC      THE        PRIORITIES   KS    S
The Association of the South East Asian Nations                       8 August 1967 in Bangkok                            ...
The Association of the South East Asian Nations                       8 August 1967 in Bangkok                            ...
ASEAN Industrial                      Complementation                           1981                      ASEAN           ...
The Association of the South East Asian Nations                       8 August 1967 in Bangkok                            ...
The Association of the South East Asian Nations                       8 August 1967 in Bangkok                            ...
Zone of       Peace, Freedom and       Neutrality (ZOPFAN)                  Declaration of ASEAN               1971       ...
The Association of the South East Asian Nations                       8 August 1967 in Bangkok                            ...
The Association of the South East Asian Nations                       8 August 1967 in Bangkok                            ...
BACKASEAN Committee onWomen (ACW) in 2002                      ASEAN Games   SOCIAL
The Association of the South East Asian Nations                       8 August 1967 in Bangkok                            ...
EAEC      THE        PRIORITIES   KS    S
The Organization Of The Islamic Conference              Join in 1969              57 Countries                Invested in ...
EAEC      THE        PRIORITIES   KS    S
The Association of Former British-Colonised Countries• Joined after gained independence in 1957• Consist of 50 countries  ...
EAEC      THE        PRIORITIES   KS    S
EAEC      THE        PRIORITIES   KS    S
NAMNON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT
PURPOSE• Serves as the reaction to the battlefield of two giants• neutral• Role of providing credible leadership by way of...
Malaysia’s accomplishments• After the cold war• Stimulate unity and cooperation among the countries who are under  pressur...
EAEC      THE        PRIORITIES   KS    S
KSSSOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION
Purpose• To protect the economic needs of developed countries and to avoid  the pressure from advanced countries• Pressure...
Resolution for KSS as proposed by                   Malaysia• Improving the economic condition• Overcome the price inflati...
EAEC      THE        PRIORITIES   KS    S
EAECEast Asia Economic       Cooperation
Status• Become clearer, especially in an ever changing world.• Economic situation was aggravated after the 11/9 incident.•...
EAEC      THE        PRIORITIES   KS    S
EACAsean Economic    Community
PURPOSE• Enable the flow of items, services, investments and capitals to be  more efficient and thus emerge as an appealin...
Common characteristics between EU and                EAC• Various level of capacity• Small and dense in population• EAC ha...
EAEC      THE        PRIORITIES   KS    S
CURRENT ISSUE ONINTERNATIONAL RELATION
Relationship with ASEAN     • The founder of ASEAN vision on unification have1      materialised through politic stability...
GlobalisationNowadays ..advances in communicationtechnologyEasy of interaction.
Malaysia still… (cont)• Joint-venture , trade unions, and smart  partnerships with other countries at  government and priv...
Problems of violence• The attack of USA on 11 Sept 2001 left a profound effect  on the world.• The world should pay attent...
THE IMPACTS OFINTERNATIONAL ISSUES
USand its allies had givenNegative effects on the efforts ofthe international community thatgo against international viole...
EFFECTS ON THE EFFORTS TO COMBAT     INTERNATIONAL VIOLENCE   These negative impact are still felt by   the people and com...
Had automatically provided ‘victory’ to theUS    Cancellation on the blockade bring profits    to US        US firms with ...
MILITARY                    TECHNOLOG                        Y         BenefitECONOM   Y                SOCIAL         POL...
MILITARYMalaysia get the help from several foreign countries;-Australia-New Zealandin military training and weapon exchang...
TECHNOLOGY
SOCIAL
POLITIC• Diplomatic relationship become more stable and  condusive for each members.• Can maintain peace and harmony polit...
ECONOMY• Malaysia is one of the country that is a must for  tourist to visit if they wish to be in Asia.• Malaysia’s touri...
-THE END-
3.malaysian studies
3.malaysian studies
3.malaysian studies
3.malaysian studies
3.malaysian studies
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3.malaysian studies

  1. 1. MALAYSIAN STUDIES FOREIGN POLICY
  2. 2. Introduction to Foreign Policy
  3. 3. 13.0 Introduction
  4. 4. Started before independence, in the era of Melaka SultanateMalaysia India Siam China Japan Parsi Arab countries around the Malay Archipelago
  5. 5. TheMalaysian ForeignPolicy byDifferent Leader
  6. 6. The Formation of the Foreign Policy The Geo- Political strategic Demography Structure Surroundings National Historical Economic Security Factors Factors International Globalisation Laws Factor
  7. 7. • Malaysia located on the sea junction (between the Pacific Ocean and the Hindi Ocean)
  8. 8. • Practises democracyfully supports human freedom and the well-being of the people
  9. 9. citizens of various races focus on unityMALAYSIA respect towards human basic rights
  10. 10. • Safety – an important agenda• Malaysia is located at strategic area and needs to be secure
  11. 11. • More important – relationship of Malaysia Brunei• Regarding to the historical Indonesia Singapore
  12. 12. Foreign policy – instrumental in providingtechnology transferExport and import of Malaysia’s product
  13. 13. • Malaysia – a part of wider region and larger world Relationship of Malaysia with foreign countries - preserve its importance and sovereignty
  14. 14. The Formation of the Foreign Policy The Geo- Political strategic Demography Structure Surroundings National Historical Economic Security Factors Factors International Globalisation Laws Factor
  15. 15. To instill good relationships and improve cooperation To defend and with each other countries develop the rights, needs and aspirations of Malaysia in all aspectsTo embrace the principle of respecting independence andsovereignty of the region, through a non-intervention policy on the internal affairs of other countries The To maintain, defend and Objective advance the importance of the of Malaysia in the international arena Foreign Policy To handle the progress and challenges in terms of To maintain and politics, economy, security defend Malaysia’s and social aspects at the independence, international level sovereignty and security
  16. 16. The Role of the Foreign Ministry
  17. 17. The Priorities OfMalaysia’s Policy
  18. 18. EAEC THE PRIORITIES KS S
  19. 19. The Association of the South East Asian Nations 8 August 1967 in Bangkok 10 Countries .Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapura, Philippines, Thailand, Kampuchea, Laos, Vietnam & Myanmar. Economy Cooperation Politic Social
  20. 20. The Association of the South East Asian Nations 8 August 1967 in Bangkok 10 CountriesMalaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapura, Philippines, Thailand, Kampuchea, Laos, Vietnam & Myanmar. Economy Cooperation Politic Social
  21. 21. ASEAN Industrial Complementation 1981 ASEAN Industrial Joint Ventures ASEAN IndustrialBACK Project 1976 ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) in 1992 ECONOMY
  22. 22. The Association of the South East Asian Nations 8 August 1967 in Bangkok 10 CountriesMalaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapura, Philippines, Thailand, Kampuchea, Laos, Vietnam & Myanmar. Economy Cooperation Politic Social
  23. 23. The Association of the South East Asian Nations 8 August 1967 in Bangkok 10 CountriesMalaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapura, Philippines, Thailand, Kampuchea, Laos, Vietnam & Myanmar. Economy Cooperation Politic Social
  24. 24. Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality (ZOPFAN) Declaration of ASEAN 1971 Concord 1976 Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia 1976 ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) 1994BACK Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon- Free Zone POLITIC
  25. 25. The Association of the South East Asian Nations 8 August 1967 in Bangkok 10 CountriesMalaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapura, Philippines, Thailand, Kampuchea, Laos, Vietnam & Myanmar. Economy Cooperation Politic Social
  26. 26. The Association of the South East Asian Nations 8 August 1967 in Bangkok 10 CountriesMalaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapura, Philippines, Thailand, Kampuchea, Laos, Vietnam & Myanmar. Economy Cooperation Politic Social
  27. 27. BACKASEAN Committee onWomen (ACW) in 2002 ASEAN Games SOCIAL
  28. 28. The Association of the South East Asian Nations 8 August 1967 in Bangkok 10 CountriesMalaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapura, Philippines, Thailand, Kampuchea, Laos, Vietnam & Myanmar. Economy Cooperation Politic Social
  29. 29. EAEC THE PRIORITIES KS S
  30. 30. The Organization Of The Islamic Conference Join in 1969 57 Countries Invested in a few countries such as Petronas in Iran Develop education among the Muslims Malaysia is the most advance Islamic country Malaysia had hosted various conferences & important meetings Malaysia was given mandate in enabling & pioneer ‘The Eminent Persons Group.’ Malaysia has also held OIC Special Meeting Lead the OIC Delegation & to meet Quartet Members
  31. 31. EAEC THE PRIORITIES KS S
  32. 32. The Association of Former British-Colonised Countries• Joined after gained independence in 1957• Consist of 50 countries Good Friendshipestablishment of a monetary fund. The & Unity The management of forestry and Economic Development agriculture. Commonwealth Plans Defence, Education Reduction of sea pollution. Legislation among all countries Overcoming the problem of the thinning ozone layer.
  33. 33. EAEC THE PRIORITIES KS S
  34. 34. EAEC THE PRIORITIES KS S
  35. 35. NAMNON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT
  36. 36. PURPOSE• Serves as the reaction to the battlefield of two giants• neutral• Role of providing credible leadership by way of:A)Representing the countriesB)Taking practical and effective measures
  37. 37. Malaysia’s accomplishments• After the cold war• Stimulate unity and cooperation among the countries who are under pressure form much more advanced countries• Promote and consolidating the mechanism of multi-directional diplomacy• Ability to express views and promote the interest of developing countries(politics,economy,trades)
  38. 38. EAEC THE PRIORITIES KS S
  39. 39. KSSSOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION
  40. 40. Purpose• To protect the economic needs of developed countries and to avoid the pressure from advanced countries• Pressure comes in form of market domination from developed countries
  41. 41. Resolution for KSS as proposed by Malaysia• Improving the economic condition• Overcome the price inflation of raw materials• Find ways to pay off the debts of developing countries• Setting up the KSS to propose the suggestions to be avoid pressure from developed countries
  42. 42. EAEC THE PRIORITIES KS S
  43. 43. EAECEast Asia Economic Cooperation
  44. 44. Status• Become clearer, especially in an ever changing world.• Economic situation was aggravated after the 11/9 incident.• Joined by countries such as Korea, Japan, China and South Korea.• USA not happy because this movement has been rendered sufficient to encourage trade in that region.
  45. 45. EAEC THE PRIORITIES KS S
  46. 46. EACAsean Economic Community
  47. 47. PURPOSE• Enable the flow of items, services, investments and capitals to be more efficient and thus emerge as an appealing investment centre with the formation of one market and a great producing centre.
  48. 48. Common characteristics between EU and EAC• Various level of capacity• Small and dense in population• EAC has become a respectable regional organisation• EAC can generate a regional group that is peaceful, prosperous and advanced and will aid in the development of all citizens in this region
  49. 49. EAEC THE PRIORITIES KS S
  50. 50. CURRENT ISSUE ONINTERNATIONAL RELATION
  51. 51. Relationship with ASEAN • The founder of ASEAN vision on unification have1 materialised through politic stability • There have been no conflict or use of military power to resolve mutual conflict among the ASEAN 2 countries and even with other neighbouring nation. • Malaysia have made contribution to bring peace , prosperty,3. and economic growth ASEAN region and to the country • Since ASEAN started , ASEAN has grown exponently and4 has potential to succes in field of economic and politic.
  52. 52. GlobalisationNowadays ..advances in communicationtechnologyEasy of interaction.
  53. 53. Malaysia still… (cont)• Joint-venture , trade unions, and smart partnerships with other countries at government and private level.• Assist the less developed counties to reduced gap between rich and poor countries.
  54. 54. Problems of violence• The attack of USA on 11 Sept 2001 left a profound effect on the world.• The world should pay attention to the injustice and oppression that have taken.• For extremist in Islamic world, one of the main drives for anyone to commit violence and terrorism is to project their response towards the action done by ISRAEL in attacking the PALESTINIAN• Malaysia opines that as long as the desire of Palestinian is not achieve , the terrorism is not going to wane.• Malaysian citizen must grateful as Malaysia to gain and mandate by other countries as a “moderate Islamic country which hold firmly the true sense of moderation in the teaching of Islam.
  55. 55. THE IMPACTS OFINTERNATIONAL ISSUES
  56. 56. USand its allies had givenNegative effects on the efforts ofthe international community thatgo against international violence.
  57. 57. EFFECTS ON THE EFFORTS TO COMBAT INTERNATIONAL VIOLENCE These negative impact are still felt by the people and communities , especially from West Asia. But what our government want most is the mutual relation between Malaysia and the US remains and continues.
  58. 58. Had automatically provided ‘victory’ to theUS Cancellation on the blockade bring profits to US US firms with their allies are expected to monopoly the concession in oil and gas. Malaysia does not want UN to agree with US actions against Iraq. Malaysia had to comply and ready to provide assistance for the people of Iraq.
  59. 59. MILITARY TECHNOLOG Y BenefitECONOM Y SOCIAL POLITIC
  60. 60. MILITARYMalaysia get the help from several foreign countries;-Australia-New Zealandin military training and weapon exchange technologyThis will improve our army in maintaining peace of ourcountry .
  61. 61. TECHNOLOGY
  62. 62. SOCIAL
  63. 63. POLITIC• Diplomatic relationship become more stable and condusive for each members.• Can maintain peace and harmony politically• Can increase allies in improving political system in each country.• Improve skills of managing a country
  64. 64. ECONOMY• Malaysia is one of the country that is a must for tourist to visit if they wish to be in Asia.• Malaysia’s tourism sector had improve from year to year.• Malaysia also has a lot of foreigner that invest in Malaysia.• Many of them love to do business in this country because of the wide market and peace that we had.
  65. 65. -THE END-
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