Self-Disclosure and Relationship
Strength in Twitter Conversations
JinYeong Bak, Suin Kim, Alice Oh
{jy.bak, suin.kim}@kai...
Introduction
In social psychology



Degree of self-disclosure in a relationship depends on
the strength of the relation...
Introduction
In social psychology



Degree of self-disclosure in a relationship depends on
the strength of the relation...
Introduction
In social psychology



Degree of self-disclosure in a relationship depends on
the strength of the relation...
Hypothesis
Twitter conversations also show a similar pattern



Dyads with high relationship strength show more selfdisc...
Methodology
Twitter Data






131K users
2M conversations

Relationship Strength






Chain frequency (CF)
Chain l...
Twitter Conversation
A Twitter conversation chain






Example of a conversation chain

3 or more tweets
at least one ...
Relationship Strength
Social psychology literature states relationship strength can
be measured by communication frequency...
Self-Disclosure
Open communication - Openness









Negative openness
Nonverbal openness
Emotional openness
Recep...
Self-Disclosure - Openness
Negative openness



Method




10

We use ASUM with emoticons as seed words
[ “Aspect and ...
Self-Disclosure - Openness
Nonverbal openness



Method




11

We look for emoticons, ‘lol’, ‘xxx’
Emoticons are like...
Self-Disclosure - Openness
Emotional openness



Method


12

Look for tweets that contain common expressions of feeling...
Self-Disclosure – Personal Information
Personally Identifiable Information (PII)
Ex) name, location,
email address, job,
s...
Self-Disclosure – Personal Information








Use LDA [Blei, JMLR 2003] with 𝑘𝑘 = 300
LDA outputs a topic proportion...
Self-Disclosure – Personal Information
Example of PII, PEI and Profanity topics


Shown by high probability words in each...
Results

2012-07-11
sentiment

nonverbal

emotional

profanity

PII & PEI

weak  strong

weak  strong

weak  strong

weak  strong

17
...
emotional

PII & PEI

weak  strong

weak  strong
18

weak  strong

weak  strong

2012-07-11
Results: Interpretation


Emotional openness


19

When they are not very close, they express frequent
encouragements, o...
Results: Interpretation


PII


20

When they meet new acquaintances, they use PII to introduce
themselves

2012-07-11
Results
Analyzing outliers: a dyad linked weakly but shows high selfdisclosure

21

2012-07-11
Conclusion




Collected a large corpus of Twitter conversations
Measured relationship strength by conversation frequen...
Thank you!
Any questions or comments?
JinYeong Bak
jy.bak@kaist.ac.kr
Department of Computer Science, KAIST

23

2012-07-1...
Backup slides

24

2012-07-11
2012-07-11
Results: Interpretation


Emotional openness


When they are not very close, they express frequent greetings,
encouragem...
Future work


Relationship strength




Emotion




Network distance, community, relationship duration
Suggest new se...
Method


Self-Disclosure – Personal Information


Personally Identifiable Information(PII)




Personally Embarrassing...
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Self-Disclosure and Relationship Strength in Twitter Conversations

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Self-Disclosure and Relationship Strength in Twitter Conversations
ACL 2012 short paper oral presentation
http://aclweb.org/anthology//P/P12/P12-2012.pdf

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Self-Disclosure and Relationship Strength in Twitter Conversations

  1. 1. Self-Disclosure and Relationship Strength in Twitter Conversations JinYeong Bak, Suin Kim, Alice Oh {jy.bak, suin.kim}@kaist.ac.kr, alice.oh@kaist.edu Department of Computer Science, KAIST
  2. 2. Introduction In social psychology   Degree of self-disclosure in a relationship depends on the strength of the relationship Strategic self-disclosure can strengthen the relationship You’re my best friend! 2 I like you too! 2012-07-11
  3. 3. Introduction In social psychology   Degree of self-disclosure in a relationship depends on the strength of the relationship Strategic self-disclosure can strengthen the relationship Hello~ Hi 3 2012-07-11
  4. 4. Introduction In social psychology   Degree of self-disclosure in a relationship depends on the strength of the relationship Strategic self-disclosure can strengthen the relationship I want to be your friend 4 Where are you from? I’m from Korea. 2012-07-11
  5. 5. Hypothesis Twitter conversations also show a similar pattern   Dyads with high relationship strength show more selfdisclosure behavior Dyads with low relationship strength show less self-disclosure behavior You’re my best friend! 5 I like you too! Hello~ Hi 2012-07-11
  6. 6. Methodology Twitter Data    131K users 2M conversations Relationship Strength    Chain frequency (CF) Chain length (CL) Self-Disclosure     Personal information Open communication Profanity Analysis with Topic Models    6 Latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA, [Blei, JMLR 2003]) Aspect and sentiment unification model (ASUM, [Jo, WSDM 2011]) 2012-07-11
  7. 7. Twitter Conversation A Twitter conversation chain    Example of a conversation chain 3 or more tweets at least one reply by each user Our Twitter conversation data      Oct 2011 to Dec 2011 131K users 2M chains 11M tweets https://twitter.com/#!/britneyspears 7 2012-07-11
  8. 8. Relationship Strength Social psychology literature states relationship strength can be measured by communication frequency and length [Granovetter, 1973; Levin and Cross, 2004] CF: chain frequency    The number of conversational chains between the dyad averaged per month CL: chain length   The length of conversational chains between the dyad averaged per month Relationship strength    8 A high CF or CL for a dyad means the relationship is strong A low CF or CL for a dyad means the relationship is weak 2012-07-11
  9. 9. Self-Disclosure Open communication - Openness       Negative openness Nonverbal openness Emotional openness Receptive openness – difficult to find in tweets General-style openness – not clearly defined in the literature Personal Information    Personally Identifiable Information (PII) Personally Embarrassing Information (PEI) Profanity   9 nigga, ass, wtf, lmao 2012-07-11
  10. 10. Self-Disclosure - Openness Negative openness  Method    10 We use ASUM with emoticons as seed words [ “Aspect and sentiment unification model for online review analysis”, Jo, WSDM’11] ASUM is LDA-based joint model of topic and sentiment ASUM takes unannotated data and classifies each sentence (tweet) as positive/negative/neutral 2012-07-11
  11. 11. Self-Disclosure - Openness Nonverbal openness  Method    11 We look for emoticons, ‘lol’, ‘xxx’ Emoticons are like facial expressions -- :) :( :P ‘lol’ (laughing out loud) and ‘xxx’ (kisses) are very frequently used in a similar manner to nonverbal openness 2012-07-11
  12. 12. Self-Disclosure - Openness Emotional openness  Method  12 Look for tweets that contain common expressions of feeling words [We feel fine (Harris, J, 2009)] 2012-07-11
  13. 13. Self-Disclosure – Personal Information Personally Identifiable Information (PII) Ex) name, location, email address, job, social security number Personally Embarrassing Information (PEI) Ex) clinical history, sexual life, job loss, family problem 13 2012-07-11
  14. 14. Self-Disclosure – Personal Information      Use LDA [Blei, JMLR 2003] with 𝑘𝑘 = 300 LDA outputs a topic proportion for each conversation LDA outputs a multinomial word distribution for each topic Discover topics in each conversation Find related topics    Annotate conversations that best represent each topic Use Amazon Mechanical Turk Turkers annotated conversations for    14 existence of PII existence of PEI keywords 2012-07-11
  15. 15. Self-Disclosure – Personal Information Example of PII, PEI and Profanity topics  Shown by high probability words in each topic PII 1 PEI 1 PEI 2 PEI 3 Profanity san tonight pants teeth family nigga live time wear doctor brother lmao state tomorrow boobs dr sister shit texas good naked dentist uncle ass south 15 PII 2 ill wearing tooth cousin bitch 2012-07-11
  16. 16. Results 2012-07-11
  17. 17. sentiment nonverbal emotional profanity PII & PEI weak  strong weak  strong weak  strong weak  strong 17 2012-07-11
  18. 18. emotional PII & PEI weak  strong weak  strong 18 weak  strong weak  strong 2012-07-11
  19. 19. Results: Interpretation  Emotional openness  19 When they are not very close, they express frequent encouragements, or polite reactions to baby or pets 2012-07-11
  20. 20. Results: Interpretation  PII  20 When they meet new acquaintances, they use PII to introduce themselves 2012-07-11
  21. 21. Results Analyzing outliers: a dyad linked weakly but shows high selfdisclosure 21 2012-07-11
  22. 22. Conclusion    Collected a large corpus of Twitter conversations Measured relationship strength by conversation frequency and conversation length Measured self-disclosure by       Negative, nonverbal, emotional openness PII, PEI Profanity Annotated PII and PEI using Mturk Confirmed hypothesis that stronger relationships show more self-disclosure behaviors Found some exceptions in emotional openness and PII 22 2012-07-11
  23. 23. Thank you! Any questions or comments? JinYeong Bak jy.bak@kaist.ac.kr Department of Computer Science, KAIST 23 2012-07-11
  24. 24. Backup slides 24 2012-07-11 2012-07-11
  25. 25. Results: Interpretation  Emotional openness  When they are not very close, they express frequent greetings, encouragements, or polite reactions to baby or pets Top 3 topics in weak relationships Weak 1: greeting Weak 3: baby/pets following ill love thanks sure thanks followers soon cute welcome better aww follow 25 Weak 2: encourage ment want pretty 2012-07-11
  26. 26. Future work  Relationship strength   Emotion   Network distance, community, relationship duration Suggest new semi-supervised model PII and PEI   26 Time, place Structure of questions and answers 2012-07-11
  27. 27. Method  Self-Disclosure – Personal Information  Personally Identifiable Information(PII)   Personally Embarrassing Information(PEI)  27 Information that can be used to uniquely identify a person Information that the damage that can be done by people that they know, the people for whom they might be embarrassed in front of [boyd, danah. 2010] 2012-07-11

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