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E Waste An Ict Regulatory Perspective

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What is the regulator\'s role in e-waste management

What is the regulator\'s role in e-waste management

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  • 1. E-Waste: An ICT Regulatory Perspective
    Communications Commission of Kenya
    9th June 2010
    Presenter: Mwende Njiraini
    1
  • 2. Content
    Introduction
    Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions
    E-waste: International ICT Regulatory Initiatives
    Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions
    Recommendations
    Conclusion
    2
  • 3. Introduction
    E-waste driven by phenomenal growth in the ICT sector:
    Government Policies
    Liberalization
    Privatization
    Regulation
    Converged Regulation
    Technology neutrality
    Deregulation
    Consumer demand:
    Availability of diverse devices and service offerings
    Reduced cost of ICT equipment (Moore’s law)
    3
  • 4. Introduction: ICT Sector Growth: Indication of policy, regulation and consumer demand
    4
  • 5. Introduction: ICT Sector Growth: Investment Indicator
    5
  • 6. Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions
    ICT Policy 2006: Cognizant of the e-waste and states :
    “As a prerequisite for grant or renewal of licences, applicants must demonstrate their readiness to minimize the effects of their infrastructure on the environment. This should include provision of appropriate recycling/disposal facilities for waste that may contain toxic substances.”
    6
  • 7. Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions
    Unified Licensing framework Licensing Frameworkimplemented in 2008 requires licensees to:
    “ensure that the Licensed Systems do not become a health, environmental or a safety hazard…”
    7
  • 8. Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions
    Type Approval Condition for mobile handset:
    “ensure that the handsets do not become a health, environmental or a safety hazard”
    8
  • 9. Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions
    Code of Practice for the Deployment of Communications Infrastructure in Kenya:
    Objective: Creation of a guidelines on the rollout of communications network infrastructure
    Provisions:
    Waste and other pollutants resulting from Operators’ activities:
    Implement mitigation measures in EIA reports on obsolete electrical and electronic equipment.
    Decommissioning sites: Restoration of sites premises in consideration of former state
    Site Sharing and Co-location
    First option by Operators on the basis of a mutual agreement taking into account environmental and health considerations
    9
  • 10. E-waste: International ICT Regulatory Initiatives
    ITU:
    ICTs for e-Environment Guidelines for Developing Countries, with a Focus on Climate Change
    European Union:
    Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment
    Directive 2002/95/EC on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment
    10
  • 11. Recommendations
    E-waste minimization and recovery strategies:
    High Impact Strategies:
    Regulation and Operator Code of Practice
    Recycling:
    Refurbishment
    Urban mining: Extraction of precious metals from e-waste e.g. 1 tonne discarded mobile phones yields 150g gold, 5g gold, 100kg copper and 3kg silver
    ‘Take- back’ policies
    Government and Private sector Initiatives
    Public awareness
    Low Impact Strategies:
    Telecommunication , Postal , Broadcasting , Aviation museums: public awareness and collection, restoration and preservation of ICT artefacts.
    11
  • 12. Recommendations
    Communication Museum
    12
  • 13. Recommendations
    Capacity building:
    Public awareness of environmental issues and priorities;
    Development of professionals
    Integrating environmental content into formal education
    Study of trends:
    E-waste management
    Consumer behavior: new habits, social structures and consumption patterns in the use of ICT products
    Impacts of practices : E-business (e-Commerce and e-Government)
    Impact of technology convergence
    13
  • 14. Conclusion
    E-waste presents opportunities and challenges
    Multi-stakeholder collaboration is essential
    14