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IT Terms Glossary


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IT TERMS Glossary

IT TERMS Glossary

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  • 1. AS/400 Application System 400. A line of IBM minicomputers introduced in 1988 and still popular today. Precidia's Ether232 is optimized for communication with the AS/400 . Net . NET is the Microsoft Web services strategy to connect information, people, systems, and devices through software. Integrated across the Microsoft platform, .NET technology provides the ability to quickly build, deploy, manage, and use connected, security-enhanced solutions with Web services. .NET-connected solutions enable businesses to integrate their systems more rapidly and in a more agile manner and help them realize the promise of information anytime, anywhere, on any device. The Microsoft platform includes everything a business needs to develop and deploy a Web serviceconnected IT architecture: servers to host Web services, development tools to create them, applications to use them, and a worldwide network of more than 35,000 Microsoft Certified Partner organizations to provide any help you need. Biztalk BizTalk is an industry initiative started by Microsoft and supported by a wide range of organizations like SAP, CommerceOne and Ariba. This initiative is establishing a set of guidelines for how to publish schemas in XML and how to use XML messages to easily integrate software programs together in order to build rich new solutions. See also Biztalk Framework and Biztalk Server. More at Softskills A set of skills that influence how we interact with each other. It includes such abilities as effective communication, creativity, analytical thinking, diplomacy, flexibility, change-readiness, and problem solving, leadership, team building, and listening skills. The goal of soft skill training is to give students opportunity to learn and practice new patterns of behavior and in so doing to enhance human relations. Cognos Cognos is an Ottawa, Ontario based company which makes business intelligence (BI) and performance planning software. Founded in 1969, Cognos employs over 3,300 people and serves more than 23,000 customers in over 135 countries. Cognos was originally known as Quasar but changed its name in 1982. It has since acquired NoticeCast Software, Adaytum, and Frango. GSM Global System for Mobile communication. A European digital standard for mobile or cellular telephony SS7 Signaling System 7 GPRS General Packet Radio Service. A GSM data transmission technique that does not set up a continuous channel from a portable terminal for the transmission and reception of data, but transmits and receives data in packets. It makes very efficient use of available radio spectrum. NMS: NETWORK MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE The system responsible for managing a network or a portion of a network. The NMS talks to network management agents, which reside in the managed nodes. Provides telecommunications
  • 2. equipment for voice portals, eCRM, speech-enabled applications, enhanced services, VoIP, VoDSL, VoBroadband, VoWLL access ADVENTNET AdventNet Web NMS is an OEM software, which is used as a network management model / framework to build network management software (NMS) and EMS solutions. LINUX Linux is a free open-source operating system based on Unix. Linux was originally created by Linus Torvalds with the assistance of developers from around the globe. UNIX An operating system co-created by AT&T researchers Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson. Unix is well known for its relative hardware independence and portable application interfaces. Lots of big companies are using Unix servers for its reliability and scalability. Some of the popular Unix flavours are: Linux, Solaris, HP-UX, AIX, etc. SOLARIS Operating system used on SUN Systems. JBOSS JBoss (pronounced Jay Boss) is an Open Source J2EE based application server implemented in pure Java. Because it is Java based, JBoss can be used on any operating system that supports Java. The core developers are now hired by a services company named "JBoss Inc." founded by Marc Fleury, the writer of the first JBoss version. The project is backed by a worldwide network of partners. The company profits from a service-based business model. J2ME Java2 Micro Edition - version of Java used for developing applications that can run on a consumer wireless device platform (like a PDA or cellphone). J2EE J2EE is yet another acronym in the world of computing. This one stands for Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition. Its significance will become clear once we trace its lineage. First of all, Java is a programming language developed by Sun Microsystems, one of the giants of the industry. The Java Platform is a virtual machine, a processor look-alike that translates computerized instructions into functions. The Java language is such that it allows cross-platform communication between multiple kinds of devices. For example, a programmer can develop Java code on a desktop computer and expect it to run on other computers, routers, and even mobile phones, as long as those devices are Java-enabled. This portability is described by the Sun acronym WORA, which stands for "Write once, run anywhere." A large number of mainframes, computers, mobile phones, and other electronic devices operate using the Java Platform. The 2 in the acronym J2EE stands for Version 2. As with many software applications, J2EE is Java Platform Version 2. Actually, the number 2 is often dropped nowadays, so J2EE becomes Java EE. Traditionally, though, it's still J2EE. Now, on to the EE. It stands for Enterprise Edition, which is a powerful form of the Java Platform. Sun has created three editions so far. The most precise is the Micro Edition, which is used for mobile phones and PDAs. Following form, this can be abbreviated as Java ME.
  • 3. The middle edition is the Standard Edition, which can run on mobile devices, laptops and desktop computers. The abbreviated name of this edition is Java SE. Building our way up the pyramid, we come at last to the Enterprise Edition, which includes all the functionality of the Micro Edition and the Standard Edition and also features routines and subroutines designed specifically for servers and mainframes. One prime benefit of the J2EE, despite the assumption of such a powerful set of source code, is that it is available for free. You can download it right now from the Sun Microsystems website. Third-party open-source tools are available to help you as well, including Apache Tomcat and JBoss. Unless you are running your own multiple-workstation server system or mainframe, however, you are unlikely to encounter or have a need for J2EE. Still, it's good to know what such things stand for. J2SE Java2 Standard Edition - a scaled down version of Java for developing applications. SQL Structured Query Language (SQL), pronounced "sequel", is a language that provides an interface to relational database systems. It was developed by IBM in the 1970s for use in System R. SQL is a de facto standard, as well as an ISO and ANSI standard. RATIONAL IBM Rational software provides a software development platform that improves the speed, quality, and predictability of software projects. Helps organizations develop and deploy software for the internet and other platforms through tools, services, and best practices. OOPS Object Oriented Programming System IXP An Internet Exchange Point (IXP for short) is a physical infrastructure that allows different Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to exchange Internet traffic between their autonomous systems by means of mutual peering agreements. IXPs are typically used by ISPs to reduce dependency on their respective upstream providers; furthermore, they are used to increase efficiency and faulttolerance. DB2 The database management system that IBM sells for use on its mainframe computers. DB2 supports a wide variety of popular platforms and key standards as well as a wide variety of packaging options to match the needs unique to your business. SYMBIAN A company created by Psion, Nokia, Ericsson and Motorola in 1998 with the aim of developing and standardizing an operating system that enable mobile phones from different manufacturers to exchange information.
  • 4. Software licensing company that develops and licenses Symbian OS, an open industry standard operating system for data enabled mobile phones. Symbian OS is an operating system, designed for mobile devices, with associated libraries, user interface frameworks and reference implementations of common tools, produced by Symbian Ltd.. It is a descendant of Psion's EPOC. Symbian is currently owned by Ericsson, Panasonic, Siemens AG, Nokia, and Sony Ericsson. Whilst BenQ has acquired the mobile phone subsidiary of Siemens AG the Siemens AG stake in Symbian does not automatically pass to BenQ - this will need the approval of the Symbian Supervisory Board. UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System) - broadband, packet-based transmission of text, digitized voice, video, and multimedia at data rates up to and possibly higher than 2 megabits per second, offering a set of services to mobile computer and phone users no matter where they are located in the world. Specified and implemented as an end-to-end mobile system, 3G/UMTS CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access): A technology for digital transmission of radio signals between, for example, a mobile telephone and a radio base station. In CDMA, a frequency is divided into a number of codes. CDMA consistently provides better capacity for voice and data communications than other commercial mobile ... WCDMA Wide-band CDMA: a CDMA protocol originated by NTT DoCoMo and now adopted for thirdgeneration use by ETSI in Europe. WCDMA supports very high-speed multimedia services such as full-motion video, Internet access and video conferencing. Technology for wideband digital radio communications of Internet, multimedia, video and other capacity-demanding applications. WIRELESS LAN Local Area Network: Local area network using wireless transmissions, such as radio or infrared instead of phone lines or fiber-optic cable to connect data devices FRAME RELAY A high-speed packet switching protocol popular in networks, including WANs, LANs, and LAN-toLAN connections across vast distances. RTOS Real Time Operating System. Many topically classified links on RTOSs (general, lecture notes, research,basics, concepts), embedded systems, VxWorks and Tornado, QNX, Windows CE, RT Linux ... TELECOM TESTING Telecom testing is an automated, controlled method of verifying operation of your products before they go to market. Any product that connects to the PSTN (public switched telephone network) or a
  • 5. telecom switch (PBX) can be tested with a telephone line simulator, bulk call generator, or similar telecom test platform. Telecom testing is ideal for all telephony applications and equipment, including: IVR systems, Switching systems, CTI applications, VoIP gateways, IADs PERL Practical Extraction and Reporting Language, is a programming language often used for creating CGI programs. CGI Strictly, any program which handles its input and output data according to the CGI standard. In practice, CGI programs are used to handle forms and database queries on web pages, and to produce non-static web page content. OOAD Acronym for Object Oriented Analysis and Design, but has expanded to also include Implementation. Characterized by the use of Objects to capture the Design, followed by the use of an Object Oriented language to implement those Objects. Uses Use Cases to drive the Analysis and all futher phases. Uses modeling very heavily in the Design phase to plan how Use Cases will be implemented. Uses iterative development throughout and/or in the Implementation phase XML XML (Extensible Markup Language) is a W3C initiative that allows information and services to be encoded with meaningful structure and semantics that computer and humans can understand. XML is great for information exchange, and can easily be extended to include user-specified and industry-specified tags. UML Unified Modelling Language (UML) is an Object Management Group (OMG) standard for modelling software artifacts. Using UML, developers and architects can make a blueprint of a project, much like ERD diagrams are used for relational design. See for more details. UML diagrams can be constructed with JDeveloper. RDMS RDMS computer dictionary definition. ... Short for Report Distribution Management System, RDMS is a software utility or set of scripts that commonly works ... LCC A compiler system for Windows 95 - NT, includes lcc, a development environment, and other tools. RDBMS Relational Database Management System. A type of DBMS in which the database is organized and accessed according to the relationships between data values. The RDBMS was invented by a team lead by Dr. Edmund F. Codd and funded by IBM in the early 1970's. The Relational Model is based on the principles of relational algebra. Example RDBMS Systems: Oracle, SQL Server, DB2, Sybase, etc. SYBASE A Relational Database Management System provided by Sybase Inc DIRECTX This Microsoft Windows API was designed to provide software developers with direct access to low-level functions on PC peripherals. Before DirectX, programmers usually opted for the DOS
  • 6. environment, which was free of the limited multimedia feature set that characterized Windows for many years. VLSI Very Large Scale Integration ORACLE PeopleSoft provides a range of applications from traditional Human Resources, Payroll, and Benefits to Financials. Oracle is a relational database management system (RDBMS) developed and copyrighted by the Oracle Corporation. LOTUS NOTES is a commercial workflow and groupware software package that also provides application developers an environment for quickly creating cross- platform client/server applications. OOAD UML Object-Oriented Analysis and Design using UML training. UML Unified Modelling Language (UML) is an Object Management Group (OMG) standard for modelling software artifacts. Using UML, developers and architects can make a blueprint of a project, much like ERD diagrams are used for relational design. See for more details. UML diagrams can be constructed with Jdeveloper BREW QUALCOMM's Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless (BREW). A complete, open solution for wireless applications development, device configuration, ... DSP Digital Signal Processing MAINFRAME COBOL, PL/1,JCL, MVS, TSO/ISPF, VSAM, DB2, IMS DB/DC, ASSEMBLER, CICS, MQ-Series AS /400 AS/400e Application Programming, AS/400 Administration and I series 400 C, C++, C#, Delphi, Power Builder, PERL, Visual Basic, VC++, ATL COM, VB.Net, CLIENT SERVER PL/SQL, Developer 2000, Designer 2000, Designer 6i, Developer 6i. IBM MQ-Series, TECHNOLOGIES MQSI, MQ Workflow, Lotus Notes, Domino.doc WEB TECHNOLOGIES JSP, Java Struts, Servlets, EJB, J2EE, ASP, COM/DCOM, MSMQ, PHP,XML, SOAP, Web services, Net, C#, Asp. Net, VB.Net APPLICATION SERVERS Weblogic, ATG Dynamo, Silverstream, Tomcat, Pramati, iPlanet, IBM Visualage for Java Websphere, Websphere Studio, Websphere Portal Server, Sybase EA Server, ATG Portal Server, Oracle 9iAS DATABASES Oracle 8i/9i, Oracle 9i DBA Sybase, Sybase Adaptive Server and Replication Server, Sybase DBA SQL Server DBA PROGRESS and Progress, DBA DB2, DB2 DBA Informix
  • 7. SERVERS SQL Server, MS Site Server & Proxy Server, MS Exchange server & Transaction server, MS Commerce Server OPERATING SYSTEMS Windows NT, 2000, XP Unix : HP, ScoUnix, ScoUnix Administration IBM UNIX with AIX RS-6000. Linux : RedHat, Debian, and Sunsolaris 2.8 EMBEDDED Assembly : 8085, 8051, 68K (Motorola) RTOS : RTX51, Vxworks, RTLinux 3.0 Tools : Keil, RationalRose, TMS320C3X Code Composer DESIGN TOOLS OOAD, UML, Design Patterns, Rational Rose, Rational Tools, MS Project 2000 Software Testing & Documentation Software Estimation Software Inspection Project S/ W MANAGMENT Management Software Measurement Software Configuration Management Requirement TOOLS Management Risk Management CMM, P-CMM, ISO ERP & CRM SAP, JdEdwards, Oracle CRM, Oracle Manufacturing, Oracle Financials, MFg Pro, PeopleSoft Datawarehousing Datamining, Business Objects, Informatica, COGNOS, Web Intelligence, Essbase v6.0 TELECOM NETWORKING & TCP/IP, B-ISDN, Telecom -ATM (B-ISDN), VoIP, (SIP, H.323, G.7xx), ISDN (Q.921, Q.931, I.430), X.25, SNMP, Hardware/software interfacing, communication software for industrial applications, device drivers, Tek4211 Netstation Reporting Tools Crystal Reports 10.0, Actuate 7 Mapping Tools EDI, Gentran EAI TIBCO, Seebeyond-e*Gate, Web Methods EVDO Linux laptop without the need for a hotspot - you are the hotspot. Average download speeds 400K 700K. Insert a EVDO PC Card into your laptop and seconds later, you are connected to the internet at very fast speeds. Many have been waiting for this ability for a long time, and it is here today. EVDO or Evolution Data Only,Evolution Data Optimized, often abbreviated as EVDO, EV-DO, EvDO, 1xEV-DO or 1xEvDO, is a fast wireless broadband access (3G) without needing a WiFi hotspot (a common misspelling is EDVO). You are the hotspot. You can have fast internet access, anywhere. No need to find a hotspot. For example, get high speed internet access in a car, train, clients, anywhere you can open your laptop. Broadband ''This article is about the specific technical term. For the end user Internet access method see Broadband Internet access.''Broadband in general refers to data transmission where multiple pieces of data are sent simultaneously to increase the effective rate of transmission. In network engineering this term is used for methods where two or more signals share a medium.Various forms of Digital Subscriber Line service are broadband in the sense that digital information is sent over one channel and voice over another channel sharing a single pair of wires. Analog modems operating at speeds greater than 600 bit/s are technically broadband. They obtain higher effective transmission rates by using multiple channels with the rate on each channel limited to 600 baud. For example, a 2400 bit/s modem uses four 600 baud channels (see baud). This is in contrast to a baseband transmission where one type of signal uses a medium's full bandwidth such as 100BASE-T Ethernet.