Pornography and ethics - India specificPresentation Transcript
Pornography An ethical issue
What is pornography?
KINDS OF PORNOGRAPY
Computer-generated, interactive, and animated
Celebrity sex tapes
HOW DOES THE PORN INDUSTRY EARN MONEY?
Sale of magazines - Playboy and Hustler
Sale of videos - Vivid Video
Advertisements on porn websites
The pornography industry has been considered influential in deciding format wars in media, including being a factor in the VHS vs. Betamax format war (the videotape format war) and in the Blu-ray vs. HD DVD format war (the high-def format war).
89% of porn is created in the U.S.
$2.84 billion in revenue was generated from U.S. porn sites in 2006
$89/second is spent on porn
72% of porn viewers are men
260 new porn sites go online daily
EFFECTS ON ADULTS
4. Acting Out Sexually
PORNOGRAPHY AND ETHICS
In in some cultures, such as Western European nations and the US, making or owning pornography is legal.
It is legal as long as all of the people in the pornography are older than a certain age. It must also be sold to people above a certain age. Often this age is 18 years.
THE LAW IN INDIA
In many countries, such as India, Indonesia, Iran, and Pakistan, making or owning pornography is a crime.
According to the law in India, anything that is lascivious or appeals to the prurient interest or if its effect is to deprave and corrupt persons would be considered to be ‘obscene’.
The Indian Penal Code, 1860 (‘IPC’)
(ii) The Information Technology Act, 2000 (‘IT Act’).
Section 292 of the IPC comprehensively sets out the circumstances in which ‘obscenity’ and / or any ‘obscene’ material is an offence.
lets to hire
in any manner puts into circulation
has in his possession
representation, or figure or any other obscene object whatsoever
Exceptions under the Indian Penal Code
(i) justifiably for the public good for e.g. interest of science, literature, art or learning or other purposes of general concern
(ii) for bona-fide religious purposes
(iii) in any ancient monument within the meaning of the Ancient Monuments and Archeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 or in any temple, or on any car used for the conveyance of idols.
Obscenity under the Information Technology Act Section 67 of the IT Act lays down the law that obscenity is an offence when it is published or transmitted or caused to be published in any electronic form.
deal with computer systems and networks, intangible medium of the internet and electronic communication devices such as the cellular phone handsets
Punishments prescribed under the Acts for obscenity(IPC) first conviction with imprisonment (simple or rigorous) for a term which may extend to two years, and with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees, in the event of a second or subsequent convictions, with imprisonment (simple or rigorous) for a term which may extend to five years, and also with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees.
The punishment for an offence under section 67 of the IT Act is on first conviction with imprisonment (simple or rigorous) for a term which may extend to five years, and with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees
In case of a second or subsequent convictions, with imprisonment (simple or rigorous) for a term which may extend to ten years, and also with fine which may extend to two lakh rupees