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U7: caring for the elderly
 

U7: caring for the elderly

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Nursing 1- U7: Caring for the Elderly- G9/ 2nd Term/1432

Nursing 1- U7: Caring for the Elderly- G9/ 2nd Term/1432

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    U7: caring for the elderly U7: caring for the elderly Presentation Transcript

    • Unit7:
      Caring for the elderly
    •  The medical problems associated with old age are classified by gerontologists under the Four (I)s (Also known as the giants of geriatrics):
      1-Intellectual impairment/confusion (mental confusion or damages
      2-Immobility (immovable, the inability to move)
      3-Instability (unstable; lack of firmness or steadiness)
      4-Incontinence (unable to retain bodily discharge (as urine) voluntarily.
    • gerontology
      Instability
      Incontinence (unable to retain bodily discharge (as urine) voluntarily.
      Intellectual impairment/confusion (mental confusion or damages
      Immobility
      when a situation is not certain because there is the possibility of sudden change [≠ stability]:
      not moving at all [= motionless]:
      unable to control the passing of liquid or solid waste from your body
      relating to the ability to understand things and think intelligently
    • -These problems are seriously disabling and elderly people are often highly dependent on nursing care.
      Many are bedridden, and though neurodegenerative diseases are the main areas of research , depression, sleep disorders, problems with eating, and skin breakdown are also issues for the elderly and for people who take care of them.
       
      Studies show that chronic impairments in elderly people, such as deafness and muscle weakness, are frequently mistaken for failing mental abilities.
      Gerontologists argue that it is possible to grow old and die without losing faculties to dementia (mental deterioration).
      Factors such as the loss of a lifetime partner, and a sense of uselessness and social isolation after retirement, tend to make the elderly more prone(likely, exposed) to apathy (lack of interest) and depression which increases vulnerability to diseases.
    • Elderly people can be very demanding to nurse. They can be often :
      1-inattentive ( distracted, absent)
      2-with disorganized thought and speech.
      3-disturbed behavior. 
    • geriatric nursing has rewards:
      elderly people are in long-term care which means that nurses get opportunities to build meaningful relationships with their patients.
    • os‧te‧o‧po‧ro‧sis[uncountable]
      a medical condition in which your bones become weak and break easily:
      ge‧ri‧at‧ric
      1-[only before noun] relating to the medical care and treatment of old people
    • ger‧on‧tol‧o‧gy{uncountable }
      the scientific study of old age and its effects on the body
      —gerontologist(n)[countable]—gerontologicaladjective
    • Gerontologists argue that it is possible to grow old and die without losing faculties to dementia (mental deterioration).
    • Factors such as the loss of
      a lifetime partner,
      and a sense of uselessness and social isolation after retirement, tend to make the elderly more prone(likely, exposed) to apathy (lack of interest) and depression which increases
      vulnerability to diseases.
    • faculty of
      (able to see, hear, think etc in the normal way)
      fac‧ul‧typlural
      1 [countable] a department or group of related departments within a university
      faculty of
      the Faculty of Law
      the Engineering Faculty
      3[countable usually plural] a natural ability, such as the ability to see, hear, or think clearly:
      the patient's mental faculties
    • bore‧dom[uncountable]
      the feeling you have when you are bored, or the quality of being boring:
    • in‧at‧ten‧tive
      not giving enough attention to someone or something {≠ attentive}
      —inattentivelyadverb
      —inattentiveness(n)/uncountable
    • bed‧rid‧den
      unable to leave your bed, especially because you are old or ill
      for‧get‧ful
      often forgetting things
      —forgetfullyadverb
      —forgetfulness(n) {uncountable}
    • con‧fu‧sion
      1[uncountable and countable] when you do not understand what is happening or what something means because it is not clear
      im‧mo‧bile
      not moving at all [ motionless]
      —immobility(n){uncountable}
    • deaf‧en[transitive usually passive]
      1-if a noise deafens you, it is so loud that you cannot hear anything else
      stim‧u‧late[transitive]
      1-to encourage or help an activity to begin or develop further
      —stimulativeadjective
      —stimulation (n) {uncountable}
    • These problems are seriously disabling and elderly people are often highly dependent on nursing care.
      Many elderly people are
      Bedridden
      Neurodegenerative diseases
      depression
    • problems with eating,
      skinbreakdown.
    • Studies show that chronic impairments in elderly people, such as deafness
      muscleweakness
      frequently mistaken for failing mental abilities.
    • re‧la‧tion‧ship
      1-[countable] the way in which two people or two groups feel about each other and behave towards each other
    • dis‧tress[uncountable]
      1-a feeling of extreme unhappiness:
      ar‧ti‧fi‧cial[usually before noun]
      1-not real or not made of natural things but made to be like something that is real or natural [≠ natural = false]
    • hip[countable]
      1-one of the two parts on each side of your body between the top of your leg and your waist:
      The old lady had fallen and broken her hip.
    • Artificial hip
    • de‧gen‧e‧ra‧tive
      a degenerative illness gradually gets worse and can't be stopped
      frail
      1- someone who is frail is weak and thin because they are old or ill:
      frail elderly people
      2- something that is frail is easily damaged or broken [= fragile]
    • in‧con‧ti‧nent
      unable to control the passing of liquid or solid waste from your body
      incontinence (n){uncountable}
      shuf‧fle
      1- [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to walk very slowly and noisily, without lifting your feet off the ground
    • Done by:
      AfnanDegnah
      & Arwa Al-Aseiri