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U5 pain g9-elham & bashair

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U5: Pain (Nursing 1) …

U5: Pain (Nursing 1)
G9-2nd Term-1432

Published in: Education

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  • 1. Unit: (5)
    ..Pain..
  • 2. Vocabulary & Terms
    • Pain(n): The condition of suffering or 
    • 3. anguish especially mental
    Fingertip(n):
    The end of the finger.
  • 4. forehead(n):
    The part of the face above the eyebrows 
    and below the hairline.
    • Palm(n):
    • 5. The inner and somewhat concave part of the human hand
    • *Upper arm (n):
    • 6. The section of an arm from the elbow to the shoulder.
    *Unbearable (adj):
    so unpleasant or painful.
  • 7. * Migraine(n):
    A severe headache, usually affecting only one side of the head, and often .accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and visual disturbances
    *Analgesics(n):
    Any medicine, such as aspirin, that reduces pain without inducing unconsciousness.
  • 8. * Heal(n): To become healthy again.
    * Relieve(v):
    Make an unpleasant situation better .
    e.g. This injection should relieve the pain.
  • 9. * Hypnosis(n):
    State like deep sleep when someone's mind
    & action can controlled by another person.
    * Stabbing(adj):
    (used about a pain ) sudden & strong
    e.g. when you feel like someone push a knife into you.
  • 10. * Acupuncture (n):
    A way of treating or stopping pain by putting thin needles into part of the body.
    * Throbbing(v):
    To beat strongly
  • 11. * Mild(adj): Not strong .
    * Bladder(n):The part of the body where waste liquid (urine) collects before leaving the body.
  • 12.
    • Severe(adj):
    Causing unpleasant feeling.
    • * Infection(n):
    A disease or illness that’s caused by germs.
    * Diaphragm(n): The muscle between
    your lung & stomach That help you to breath.
  • 13. Back Ground
    What is Pain?!
    Pain is an essential survival mechanism, for it warns
    us that something is wrong.
  • 14. Types of Pain..
    1- Acute:is a short-time pain
    e.g. when you cut your self it’ll heal & goes in a short time
    2- Chronic :
    is a long-time pain.
    e.g. like someone who has a Rheumatism
  • 15. 3- Referred :
    pain that is felt in a different part of the body from where the pain is caused
    e.g.when someone feels a heart attack, he feels pain in their left shoulder, arm or hand
    4- Neuropathic:
    damage to the remaining nerves.
    e.g.when someone amputate a limb he still feels pain in that place  
  • 16. Kinds of Pain..
    1/ A throbbing pain:
    comes and goes rhythmically.
    2/ A sharp pain: 
    is strong and sudden.
    3/ A burning pain:
    feels like fire.
    4/ A stabbing pain :
    feels like something sharp is stuck into you.
  • 17. 5/ A shooting pain :
    travels fast along part of your body.
    6/ A dull pain : 
    is steady and not too painful.
    7/ A gnawing pain :
    feels like it's eating you.
    8/ A cramping pain :
    feels like a muscle is being squszed.
  • 18. Levels of Pain..
    How many times the pain occurs ? Frequency of pain))
    Occasional / frequent / constant
  • 19. Pain scales ..
  • 20. Method of assessing pain :
    McGill pain Questionnaire:
    Consist of a list of adjectives which the patient chooses from to describe their pain.
  • 21.
  • 22. A numerical scale :
    . ( 0 means no pain & 10 is the worst pain you can imagine )
  • 23. The verbal pain scale:
    Uses verbal lines in colours ranging from light blue ( no pain ) to bright red ( sever pain ).
  • 24. How to treat pain..?
    * 1-we instinctively deal with pain by rubbing the part that hurts. This suggests to scientists that stimulating touch signals closes a ( gate ) to
    pain signals.
    Physiotherapy & acupuncture take advantage of this phenomenon.
    * 2-The gate can also be shut by the release of pain-relieving opioids, either produced naturally by the body.
    Or introduced artificially in the form of analgesics like Aspirin & Morphine.
    * 3-Psychological stress can temporarily shut off pain too ,
    e.g. footballer may continue to play despite injury & a soldier continue to fight despite wounds.
  • 25. Laboratory Medicine
    (9)
    Presented by :
    Elham Aqeel.
    Bashair Al-Thbiti.
    Supervised by :
    Tr: NisreenYamany