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Nisqually Steelhead Recovery Planning
 

Nisqually Steelhead Recovery Planning

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Chris Ellings' presentation at the 2014 Nisqually Annual Program Review

Chris Ellings' presentation at the 2014 Nisqually Annual Program Review

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    Nisqually Steelhead Recovery Planning Nisqually Steelhead Recovery Planning Presentation Transcript

    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Nisqually Steelhead Recovery Planning 1 Annual Review May 2014
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review The Problem: Nisqually Steelhead abundance plummets in early 90’s 2
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 3 Smolt-to-adult survival rates for three Puget Sound populations (Elwha, Skagit, Puyallup), three coastal Washington populations (Quillayute, Quinault, Humptulips, Chehalis), and Lower Columbia River (Kalama and Washougal; summer and winter-run). Averages for some years do not include all populations within a region because of the lack of SAR estimates in some populations in some years. Data were compiled by Iris Kemp (LLTK).
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Nisqually Steelhead Early-Marine Survival 4
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 5
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 6
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Nisqually Steelhead Recovery Plan Development 7  Funding for Plan: $87,500 (thank you Recovery Council) + NIT match  Identify Goals and Objectives for all H’s  Evaluate Steelhead Biological Information and Habitat Conditions  Assess Habitat Potential using EDT  Identify Restoration, Protection, and Assessment Priorities  Develop Implementation/Action Plan  Integrate Steelhead Recovery into existing Nisqually Chinook adaptive management process  Develop an Open Standards nexus for integration with regional plan
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Nisqually Steelhead Recovery Plan Goals and Objectives 8 Goals and objectives developed based on co-manager and Nisqually River Council discussions. Include short and long term conservation, habitat, and harvest metrics. In-Review….
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 1st step: Review current and historic Nisqually Steelhead Biological Information and Nisqually River Habitat Conditions 9 Some takeaways: • Hatchery influence has been minimal, with winter steelhead supplementation ending in 1981 • Current smolt to adult survival is around 1% • Current smolt production is around 65,000, with over 250 smolts/adult estimated for one of the brood years analyzed! –Freshwater survival is very good.
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Steelhead Recruits per Spawner
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Nisqually Steelhead Habitat Potential 11
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review What can we do within the watershed to help steelhead in the face of terrible marine survival? 12
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 13 Nisqually River Watershed
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Primary steelhead habitat (EDT estimate)
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Habitat Potential – 1% SAR Current Abundance about 62% of Historic
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Protection/Restoration Priorities Degradation Restoration Degradation Restoration Degradation Nisqually River Mainstem A 1 B 4 McAllister Creek E 7 E 7 Muck Creek C 4 A 3 Prairie Tributaries B 3 A 2 Toboton/Powell/Lackamas C 5 C 5 Ohop Creek C 6 C 6 Mashel River B 2 A 1 Percentage change Percentage change Percentage change Category/rank Category/rank Geographic Area Change in Abundance with Change in Productivity with Protection benefit Restoration benefit -35% 0% 35% -35% 0% 35% Degradation Restoration Percentage change Change in Diversity Index with -35% 0% 35% • Mainstem protection priority similar to Chinook • Mashel restoration of upper reaches emerging top priority • Muck Creek and Prairie Tributaries are priorities unique to Steelhead
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Subbasin Priorities
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Steelhead habitat protection and restoration action plan in review. Some highlights include: 18 • Continue to implement Chinook Recovery actions including mainstem and Mashel habitat protection and restoration • Implement Nisqually Community Forest in upper Mashel River watershed and manage for watershed processes and ecosystem services • Remove all barriers on small streams • Continue to work with JBLM to protect and restore Muck Cr. • Assess small prairie streams for protection and restoration, establish a prairie stream stronghold for life history diversity • Integrate Nisqually plan with the regional effort
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Nisqually Estuary June 2009 Nisqually Estuary March 2010
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 20
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Lower Site – After
    • Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Steelhead recovery efforts in the watershed can help prevent extirpation but recovery is not possible without a strong regional commitment to address survival in Puget Sound. 22 -Support the Salish Sea Marine Survival Project!