Nisqually Chinook Recovery Plan Annual Review.

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Chris Ellings' presentation on Chinook recovery during the 2014 Annual Program Review. Please download and view as a PowerPoint presentation to avoid compatibility issues.

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Nisqually Chinook Recovery Plan Annual Review.

  1. 1. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 1 Nisqually Chinook Recovery Plan Annual Review Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge May 28th , 2014
  2. 2. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 2
  3. 3. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Nisqually Chinook Management: In a Nutshell • Native Nisqually Chinook Extirpated • Current Chinook stock is Green River, with no new imports since early 90’s • Natural production predominately hatchery strays • Nisqually Chinook Recovery Plan contains aggressive Habitat Restoration and Protection Actions ▫ Nearly 80% of Nisqually mainstem protected along with large sections of primary tributaries ▫ Over 900 acres of estuary restored ▫ Miles of tributary habitat restored • All ‘H’ stock plan developed in 2011, currently in implementation ▫ Reduces harvest of natural origin fish ▫ Uses mainstem weir at RM 12 to remove Chinook hatchery strays ▫ Establishes a small integrated program which feeds a ‘stepping stone’ hatchery program for harvest 3 “Whenever you oversimplify, you are being unjust.”- Ernest Hemingway
  4. 4. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 2013 All ‘H’ Review Habitat: “Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.” ― Abraham Lincoln Weir Operations: “It does not do to leave a live dragon out of your calculations, if you live near him.” ― J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit Harvest: “Everybody has a plan until they get punched in the face.” ― Mike Tyson Hatchery: “This is the best bad plan we have, sir.” ― Chris Terrio Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation: “People who think they know everything are a great annoyance to those of us who do.”― Isaac Asimov 4
  5. 5. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review “Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.” ― Abraham Lincoln 250 acre McKenna Ranch •High Priority Reach •Identified in 2004 Off-Channel Assessment •Landowner relationship cultivated for decades •Landowner expressed interest in selling to NLT and Tribe •NLT, SPSSEG, and Tribe received grant to appraise property and develop restoration concepts •NLT and Tribe awarded $3.5 Million Large Capital PSAR grant in regionally competitive process •Negotiations matured, match was identified, and P&S agreement about to be signed •Landowner Backed Out! 5
  6. 6. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review “They said you can't go to the moon. They said you can't put cheese inside a pizza crust, but NASA did it. They had to, because the cheese kept floating off in space.” ― Stephen Colbert Petersen Conservation Easement: Protects over 200 acres of high quality habitat along Nisqually River and Yelm Creek from development. 6 Mashel River Protection Projects
  7. 7. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 7
  8. 8. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review "A nickel ain’t worth a dime anymore" — Yogi Berra Ohop Phase 3 Funds secured! Construction starts summer 2014. Over 6 different funding sources…. 8
  9. 9. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review “It is not in the stars to hold our destiny but in ourselves.” ― William Shakespeare Thousands of trees have been planted over hundreds of acres by NIT native plant crew. Additionally, volunteer events by our partners in the watershed have contributed greatly to reforestation effort. 9
  10. 10. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Weir Operations: “It does not do to leave a live dragon out of your calculations, if you live near him.” ― J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit 10
  11. 11. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review “Don't cry because it's over, smile because it happened.” ― Dr. Seuss 11 Species Total At Weir Pink 147,413 Coho-Not Clipped 192 Chinook-Natural Origin 95 Chinook-Hatchery 85 Chum 26 Coho-Clipped 12 Sockeye 9 Large Scale Sucker 2 Cutthroat Trout 1
  12. 12. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 12
  13. 13. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Pinks 13
  14. 14. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Harvest: “Everybody has a plan until they get punched in the face.” ― Mike Tyson • Preseason Expectations o Forecast  Marked: 34,296  Unmarked Hatchery: 2,029  Unmarked naturals: 1,296 • Total unmarked: 3,325 o Total of: 37,621 o Harvest  Marked: 8,071  Unmarked: 756 • Total of 8,827 • HR modeled: 24%  Beach Seine total encounters modeled: 392  Experimental gear type total encounters modeled: 50 14
  15. 15. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review • In-season ▫ Gill net fishery ran as scheduled with increased effort at end of season ▫ Beach Seine fishery effort was lower than preseason expected ▫ Experimental gear type fishery was not implemented 15
  16. 16. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review “I’m not in this world to live up to your expectations and you’re not in this world to live up to mine.” ― Bruce Lee Post Season o Gill net fishery HR: 29.8%  Marked harvested: 9,547  Unmarked harvested: 1089 • Total of 10,636 o Beach Seine total encounter: 163 o Total run size:  Marked: 32,075  Unmarked: 3,658 • Total: 35,733 16 Summary: •Total run size to the river was very close to pre-season forecasts. •Post season harvest rates were almost 6% higher than predicted. •In 2012 Nisqually Indian Tribe, in order to preserve fishing time on the river and help obtain our rebuilding exploitation rate goal, decided to reduce from 3 nets per person to 2 nets per person. •This regulation preformed perfectly in 2012 and the beginning of 2013. •Towards the end of the run fishermen started adding people to their boats, increasing effort within the confines of the regulation. •The 2014 pre-season modeled regulation has changed from 2 nets per person to 2 nets per boat.
  17. 17. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Hatchery: “This is the best bad plan we have, sir.” ― Chris Terrio Chinook both facilities: Number Released: 4,033,460 (244,000) into Fort Lewis Lakes Return Totals: 18,724 adult 3,581 jacks 17 Integrated and Stepping Stone Programs: Not Implemented
  18. 18. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation: “People who think they know everything are a great annoyance to those of us who do.” ― Isaac Asimov Chinook Escapement Estimate •Derived from ‘Change-in-Ratio’ formula based on the removals of hatchery and natural Chinook in fisheries, hatcheries, and at weir 18 Removals Total Marked Unmarked Sport 3839 3739 100 Commercial Gillnet 10636 9547 1089 Beach Seine 146 146 0 Tangle Net 0 0 0 Hatcheries and Creeks 19267 17669 1598 Total Removals 33888 31101 2786 Weir catch 125 66 59 Escapement above weir 1847 Ad clipped above 975 UM aboved Weir 872 HOR above weir 1034 NOR above weir 813 Escapement below weir 517 HOR below 289 NOR below 228 *Total system escapement 2293 **HOR 1257 ***NOR 1036
  19. 19. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review “It's great to be a blonde. With low expectations it's very easy to surprise people.” - Pamela Anderson 19
  20. 20. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 20
  21. 21. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Question: Does restoring tidal flow also restore the ecological functions that support juvenile Chinook salmon? - How do prey availability, prey energy content, and temperature regimes integrate to define the range of growth opportunities for juvenile Chinook in the reconnected habitats? Tidal channel reconnected in 2009 Unaltered, reference tidal channel
  22. 22. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review 22 “The only time to eat diet food is while you're waiting for the steak to cook.” ― Julia Child
  23. 23. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Juvenile Monitoring (Screw Trap) 23 Chinook 0+ • VSP Criteria  adult and juvenile ▫ Productivity  number of juveniles per adult ▫ Spatial Distribution  habitat use ▫ Diversity  size  timing  genetic
  24. 24. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Juvenile Monitoring (Screw Trap) 24 steelhead • VSP Criteria  adult and juvenile ▫ Productivity  number of juveniles per adult ▫ Spatial Distribution  habitat use ▫ Diversity  size  timing  genetic
  25. 25. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Chinook Recovery Plan Monitoring and Adaptive Management with the PSP and RITT Common Framework Approach 25 “Uhhhhh…..” -Me
  26. 26. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review “The reason that everybody likes planning is that nobody has to do anything.” -Jerry Brown Select 2014 Chinook Plans •Run weir efficiently and exclude hatchery fish •Start integrated program •Meet total Exploitation Rate of 52% on Unmarked Chinook (estimated NIT harvest rate of 24%) •Participate in Salish Sea Marine Survival Research ▫ Chinook early marine growth and diet ▫ Steelhead early marine survival ▫ Zooplankton Ecology •Begin implementation of Upper Mashel River Protection 26
  27. 27. Nisqually Chinook Annual Review Thank You for Coming! 27

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