Gmo

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Gmo

  1. 1. GeneticallyModified Crops :ITS IMPACT ON INDIAN AGRICULTUREPRESENTATION BY:NISHNA SATHYAN
  2. 2. When Food Insecurity Dominates…
  3. 3. Malnutrition takes the life of million…
  4. 4. Earth struggling out of pesticides…
  5. 5. Genetic engineering came up with a solution GMO’s
  6. 6. Beginning of GMOs• 1981 Monsanto scientists had come up with the first genetically modified plant
  7. 7. First in the Field • The first field test of a genetically modified organism occurred in 1986 in USFrostban was sprayed on afield of strawberriesAmericans protestedagainst GMO’s
  8. 8. Moving Forward• US opposition to genetically altered foods did not last very long• FDA declared GM foods to be “not inherently dangerous” in 1993.• Americans began to accept GMO
  9. 9. How to create GMOs
  10. 10. Some Examples of GMOs • Bt corn – US, 1996 • Roundup® Ready Soybeans – US, 1996 • Flavr Savr® tomatoes – US, 1994 • “Golden Rice” – Switzerland, 1999
  11. 11. Bt Corn: What is it?• eliminate the threat of the corn borer• Bacillus thuringiensis• less effective against insects in later stages of growth.
  12. 12. Flavr Savr® Tomatoes• Approved for market by the FDA in 1994• extra copy of a gene that codes for enzyme polygalacturonase
  13. 13. “Golden Rice”• Developed by Swiss and German scientists in 1999• produce Vitamin A• a miracle cure for VAD.
  14. 14. Bt cotton• Contains a foreign gene obtained from bacillus thuringiensis.• Protects the plants from bollworm
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES OF GMOs• Pest resistance• Herbicide tolerance• Disease resistance• Cold tolerance• Drought tolerance
  16. 16. Helping to form an healthier world• Nutrition• Pharmaceuticals• Phytoremediation
  17. 17. CRITICISMS AGAINST GM CROPS • Environmental hazards • Unintended harm to other organisms • Reduced effectiveness of pesticides • Gene transfer to non-target species
  18. 18. HUMAN HEALTH RISK • Allergenicity • Unknown effects on human health
  19. 19. ECONOMIC CONCERN• Raise the price of seeds• Introduction of "suicide gene"
  20. 20. Moral Issues• Moving genes from animals to plants gets you into a whole moral, religious, and political firestorm..."
  21. 21. How India fits in the picture of GM Crops? • India one of the six leading countries that are conducting field trials of GM cropsHighest acreage of Monsanto’s GMOBt cotton
  22. 22. Bt cotton in India• In June 2002, about 55,000 cotton farmers decided to grow Bt cotton• Resist bollworm
  23. 23. Impacts of Monsanto’s Bt cotton• Created a suicide economy in India• Non-renewable seeds• Rs 7/kg to Rs 17,000/kg• Bt-cotton needs irrigation• created new pests• 13 times more pesticides• High costs and unreliable output
  24. 24. Indian farmers suffered a lot…• Andhra Pradesh 79% of the crop was lost• Madhya Pradesh 100% of the crop was lost• Maharastra Bt crop has failed across 30,000 hec• In Gujarat, it was completely destroyed by the bollworm• 200 farmers committed suicide• Bt. Cotton failure has cost total loss of Rs. 1128 million• Monsanto refused any compensation to the farmers
  25. 25. Monsanto going to introduce GM potatoes in India• 2nd of January 2003 reported the plan• As part of an anti hunger strategy• gene transplanted from amaranthus• protein-enriched
  26. 26. Indian farmers realizing the truth… and they
  27. 27. CONCLUSION
  28. 28. HUMAN-BEINGS ARE NOT ALLOWED TO TAKE THE DUTY OF GOD
  29. 29. REFERENCE• 1. www.indiagminfo.org• 2. www.gmwatch.org• 3. www.biosafety-info.net• 4. http://www.centerforfoodsafety.org• 5. http://www.foei.org/en/campaigns/gmo• 6. http://www.i-sis.org.uk/index• 7. http://www.seedsofdeception.• 8. www.greenpeace.org• 9. http://www.envfor.nic.in/divisions/csurv/geac/geac• 10. http://www.igmoris.nic.in/

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