The game is played with hands an feet and an oval ball, between two teams of 15 players each, plus 7 substitutes.
The game consists on catching or picking up the ball and running with it, passing, throwing or knocking the ball to another player for scoring points, as well as kicking the ball.
To take the ball from the other team, it's also possible to push or shoulder an opponent holding the ball. The specificity of the game is that passes to another team member are always in the back.
The duration of game is 2*40min with a half-time of 10 min
Try : 5 points
Conversion : 2 points
This may be attempted either by a place kick or a drop kick (commonly called a drop-goal)
Penalty : 3 points
Defenders must be static and at least 10 meters from the spot where the penalty kick has been awarded.
The kickers team-mates remain behind the line of the ball.
This may be attempted either by a place-kick or a drop kick (commonly called a drop-goal).
Drop-goal : 3 points
This pitch is rectangular and measures 66 to 70 metres wide by 95 to 100 metres long. It is divided into 2 equal halves, separated by a line.
Inside each of the halves an unbroken line is marked 22 meters from the in-goal, parallel to the half-way line.
Drop kicks is when the rugby ball is dropped and kicked through the posts. Each drop kick is 3 points. The worlds top drop kicker is Johnny Wilkinson with over 1000 points.
THE KICK OFF
A kick-off occurs:
At the start of each half
After a team scores
The ball is kicked from the half way line into the opponent's half and must travel at least 10 metres. The ball is place-kicked for the start of each half and drop kicked to restart after the opposing side has scored.
The kicker's team-mates must be behind the halfway line at the moment the ball is kicked. The opposing players must be on or behind their 10 metres line.
What is a try?
A try is when the runner who has the ball touches the try line. He is awarded 5 points and a conversion. A conversion is like a penalty which is given after each try. It gives the kicker an extra 2 points if he scores it through the posts.
Dan Carter hits a conversion
Tackling is a defensive action. It consists of intercepting the player in possession of the ball and holding on to him or making him fall over (with one's arms) so that he releases the ball. Players on the ground after a tackle (the tackler and the player who was in possession) must release the ball, move away from it and may not rejoin play until they have got back to their feet. It is against the rules to throw oneself on top of a tackled player who is in possession of or near the ball.
The haka is the all blacks dance. It is performed before every match. It is believed that it is used to intimidate their opponents.