Causal Loop Diagramming (Singapore Immigration) K6202 – Term Paper Presentation SUPERMAN TEAM ARAVIND MUTHU KANNAN DIVYA NIRMALA
Agenda:1.Objective2.Overview of immigration policies3.Identifying the underlying factors ofimmigration4.Causal loop diagram basics5.Development methodology6.Singapore Immigration CLD7.Conclusion
Objective :Describing Singapore Immigration and its influencing factorsusing Causal Loop Diagram.As per description from the course outline document“Study the immigration policies of Singapore,including the criteria of accepting PR applications,doing national service, how new comers shouldintegrate, attitudes of Singaporeans, policies takenby the Government, etc. Using the principles ofCausal Loop Analysis, draw a set of CLD consistingof at least 50 variables with the associated links andBalancing and Reinforcing loops.”
Singapore Immigration Today• Visit Pass - For Visitors• Student Pass - For Students• Work Permit Pass - Policy towards Unskilled• Special Pass - Policy towards Semiskilled• Employment Pass - Policy towards Skilled/High Skilled• Personalised Employment Pass• Entrepreneur Pass - Global Investor Policy• Dependent Pass – Policy towards Dependents
Singapore Permanent ResidencyPermanent Resident Schemes• Approval Factors• Obligations and ContributionAccess to Citizenship• BenefitsVariation between SPR and Citizen
Identifying the underlyingFactors of Immigration• A number of factors influence the people migrating to a specific country.• These identified factors form the basis of immigration policies.• They are well planned to integrate the comfort of both locals and foreigners and thus the system has to represent a complex logical balance in the flow of people.
Safety & PoliticalStability• Singapore scores consistently favor higher quality life indices• Highly regarded for its strict law enforcement measures to combat crimes• Due to its fortuitous geographical position, it is protected from most natural disasters• It also has the least corruption in economy
Diverse Culture and Arts Scene• Dynamic city with a harmonious blend of culture, cuisine, arts & architecture• A cosmopolitan multi-racial, multi-lingual society• Most prominent events and venues are government operated and normally with an international focus• A place where world meets
Global Trade HubSource:http://www.guidemesingapore.com/incorporation/introduction/singapore-incorporation-advantages
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-11100813Source: BBC NEWS-Aug 26-2010
Consistent work force demand and efficient talent pool mapping• Inviting Global & local Employers and Entrepreneurs• Maintaining a highly available diverse talent pool• Enforcing stability by regulating policies to sustain future demands A tough balancing act!!! Need for vibrant ecosystem ranging from unskilled to highly skilled work force persists !
Education, housing and health careSubsidies and Funding schemes •Universal healthcare system ensuring affordability, largely through compulsory savings and price controls •Attractive loans up to 95% of HDB flats for PRs and Citizens •High Quality Education at relatively low costs in globally recognized national universities
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/shttp://isaactung.wordpress.com/2011/05/ tories/singaporelocalnews/view/1004/spore-has-robust-protection-for-ip- 27947/1/.htmlrights/Source: The Straits Times 4 May 2011 http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/ne ws?pid=newsarchive&sid=ayazKdY IeTR4&refer=asia
Strong IP rights protection and highdegree of Social Cohesion • „IP landscape‟ strongly conducive for innovation and investment • Business friendly environment connecting with dynamic talent pool for realizing the organizational dream
Taxation benefits• Best place for Entrepreneurs and business start-ups• Highly convincing Corporate Tax rates• Zero tax for new Singapore companies on the first 100K annual profits for the first 3 years• All resident companies to enjoy approx. 9% corporate tax rate for profits up to 300K• Overall company tax rate is a flat 17%
HigHly connected…. digitally & physically• Seamless National & International connectivity• Highly efficient MRT ,Bus and Flight services• „On the Go‟ access to the e-world• Continuous research on better standards and future demandhttp://senseable.mit.edu/livesingapore/visualization s.html
Starting off with CLD - Informationgathering• What is your first thought on Singapore before you came here?• The best thing which you observed here soon after acquainting with the new place?• Reason for visit or migration? How did the Government or Singapore Organizations support and welcome you?• Why do you consider a longer stay here?s• How do you feel working or studying in a highly competitive environment? How is it influencing you personally?
CAUSAL LOOP DIAGRAM (CLD)CLDs are Diagrams that have a visible structure of how interrelated variables affect one another. The balancing loop and the reinforcing loop are the two foundational structures of systems thinking.Causal loop Anatomy:A Node A line with arrow+ or s Same Effect- or o Opposite Effect|| Time Delay Symbol
Loops in CLD• Reinforcing Loop: A loop is one in which an action produces a result which influences more of the same action. It is also called the Positive causal link means that the two nodes change in the same direction• Balancing Loop: a loop in which feedback reduces the impact of change. It is also called Negative causal link means that the two nodes change in opposite directions
Design Methodology: Understanding the problem statement Collection of information about the problem domain from various sources Identification of design method Two methods: 1.) From Loops to Variables 2.) From Variables to Loops Identification of quantifiable variables related to the topic Conceptualizing logical loops(re-enforcing and balancing loops) using the variables Diagram sketch coupled with required changes
Insights and ImplicationsFuture sensed stronger with highly competent and vibrant KnowledgeEnvironment !! Source: Prime minister‟s office, Singapore Department of statistics, ICA
KNOWLEDGE FREE FLOW withGlobalization As of June 2011,192,300 Singaporeans were overseas for a cumulative period of six months or more in the previous 12 months Source: Prime minister‟s office, Singapore Department of statistics, ICA
BUSINESS Dynamism ACCELERATINGK-TRANSFERS and UTILIZATION Source: Statistics Singapore Newsletter 2011