Niraj Thurairajah Images and logos: All text Open Educational Resources (OER) http://www.flickr.com/photos/uafcde/3170529229/
Open Educational Resources Commonly used definition (OECD, 2007) Digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research Learning materials that are freely available under a license that allows them to be: Reused Revised Remixed Redistributed
Openness The concept of ‘Openness’ is based on the idea that knowledge should be disseminated and shared freely through the Internet for the benefit of society as a whole ‘openness’ entails, at a minimum, no cost to the consumer or user of the resource (Downes, 2007; Tuomi, 2006) free availability fewer restrictions
Educational Resources Resources are not limited to content but comprise three areas: Learning content: Full courses, learning objects, collections and journals. Tools: Software/tools to support the development, use, reuse and delivery of learning content Implementation resources: Licenses to promote open publishing, design principles of best practice and localise content. OECD, 2007
Open in OER (Geser, 2007) Open access: content (including metadata) is provided free of charge “open” educational resources Open licensed: liberally licensed for re-use, favourably free from restrictions to modify, combine and repurpose Open format: produced in open format and designed for easy re-use Open software: produced with open source software
Map of online communities http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/munroes-map-for-social-networksrsquo-lost-souls-2111356.html
Benefits of OER http://www.flickr.com/photos/psd/1805374441/
For students Learn new things or enrich other studies; Share and discuss topics asynchronously or synchronously with other learners; Assess whether they wish to participate in (further) formal education; Decide which institution they want to study at; Improve their work performance; Create or revise OER themselves.
For Academics Create courses more efficiently and/or effectively, particularly using rich media resources that require advanced technical and media skills; Investigate the ways in which others have taught their subject; Create resources or courses in collaboration with others rather than doing it all themselves; Join in communities of practice which help improve their teaching practices as they reflect on the community use of new open tools and technologies; Customise and adapt resources by translating or localising them.
For Educational Institutes Showcase their teaching and research programmes to wider audiences; Widen the pool of applicants for their courses and programmes; Lower the lifetime costs of developing educational resources; Collaborate with public and commercial organisations in new ways, including educational publishers; Extend their outreach activities
For Government Showcase their country’s educational systems; Attract international students (to higher education at least); Help drive changes in educational practices; Develop educational resources in ‘minority’ languages that commercial publishers are reluctant to do so; Develop educational resources that reflect local cultures and priorities; Cooperate internationally on common resources to meet common needs.