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  • Nipesh
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Transcript

  • 1. RWA AS A TOOL FOR URBAN GOVERNANCE AND ITS IMPACT ON SOCIAL STRUCTURE April 2010 Nipesh P Narayanan Ravi Kumar R
  • 2.
    • Development process is driven by ‘Governance’
    • RWA : Grass-root level of urban governance
    • RWA is a registered society and does not have the obligation to work for development, or participatory governance.
  • 3.
    • Why RWA is Non-Democratic?
      • Indian idea of democracy – One Person One Vote
      • RWA’s idea of democracy – One Household One Vote.
  • 4.
    • Then why RWA gained importance in Delhi?
      • Exclusion of Delhi from 74 th CAA (1998) & introduction of Bhagidari (2000)
      • Bhagidari & elevation of RWA.
      • Delhi Jal Board & BSES (2006) agitation.
      • Chief Minister’s explanation & Media hype.
      • RWA as a social hero.
  • 5.
    • RWA and Politics
      • Conflicts between RWA & Councilors
      • RWA’s self-fund generation
      • Dilution of Elected representatives role – RWAs seeking representation in Local Government
  • 6.
    • Prime minister’s Assassination - 1984
      • Anti-Sikh riots in Delhi Neighborhoods.
      • Formation of Neighborhood Groups for protection.
      • After Riots – Security concerns, Boundary walls, Gated communities etc.
  • 7.
    • Delhi Apartment Ownership Act of 1986
      • Mandatory ‘management committee’ for common facilities’ maintenance.
      • Laying of basic rules for committee to get registered under ‘Societies Registration Act-1860’
      • RWAs formalized and kept on changing their role.
  • 8.
    • Global Cities & Local Development
      • Economic crisis of India -1991
      • IMF loan by Govt. – change of Govt. at Centre
      • Liberalization of Economy & increase in GDP from 1.25% to 7.5% in a decade.
      • GDP (65%) dependent on urban economy
      • Pressure on quality of urban infrastructure and the need for ULBs.
      • 74 th Constitutional Amendment (1992)
  • 9.
    • RWA in politics
      • Conflicts between politicians and RWA on slums
      • Politicians say – representatives of rich and poor.
      • Bhagidari increasing RWA’s power
      • Hostile relations encouraging RWAs to enter politics
  • 10.
    • Inequalities in RWA
      • Difference in functioning due to political back up
      • Mutual interest for power and development.
      • Investing in Middle Class neighborhoods – expansion of voter base
      • Greater financial & executive powers due to policies on decentralization
  • 11.
    • What RWA means in Urban Development
      • Govt. recognizing RWA – providing assistance-ship to develop neighborhoods.
      • Exclusive group for exclusive development.
        • Slum Eviction
        • Gated communities
        • Restriction on Mixed Use
  • 12.
    • Issues related to RWAs
      • RWAs viewed as a body for common man but it includes only residents, others are ignored.
      • RWAs of Unauthorized colonies not recognized resulting court orders leading to slum eviction.
      • Association members enjoying power for decades – misappropriation of funds.
      • RWA system is dependent on proactive members
  • 13.
    • How to achieve inclusive participation?
    • How to strengthen grass-root level democratic governance?
    • How to define “Public Interest”?
  • 14.