Rwa

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  • Nipesh
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    1. 1. RWA AS ATOOL FOR URBAN GOVERNANCE AND ITS IMPACT ON SOCIAL STRUCTURE April 2010 Nipesh P NarayananNipesh P Narayanan Ravi KumarRavi Kumar RR
    2. 2.  Development process is driven by ‘Governance’  RWA : Grass-root level of urban governance  RWA is a registered society and does not have the obligation to work for development, or participatory governance.
    3. 3.  Why RWA is Non-Democratic?  Indian idea of democracy – One Person One Vote  RWA’s idea of democracy – One Household One Vote.
    4. 4.  Then why RWA gained importance in Delhi?  Exclusion of Delhi from 74th CAA (1998) & introduction of Bhagidari (2000)  Bhagidari & elevation of RWA.  Delhi Jal Board & BSES (2006) agitation.  Chief Minister’s explanation & Media hype.  RWA as a social hero.
    5. 5.  RWA and Politics  Conflicts between RWA & Councilors  RWA’s self-fund generation  Dilution of Elected representatives role – RWAs seeking representation in Local Government
    6. 6.  Prime minister’s Assassination - 1984  Anti-Sikh riots in Delhi Neighborhoods.  Formation of Neighborhood Groups for protection.  After Riots – Security concerns, Boundary walls, Gated communities etc.
    7. 7.  Delhi Apartment Ownership Act of 1986  Mandatory ‘management committee’ for common facilities’ maintenance.  Laying of basic rules for committee to get registered under ‘Societies Registration Act-1860’  RWAs formalized and kept on changing their role.
    8. 8.  Global Cities & Local Development  Economic crisis of India -1991  IMF loan by Govt. – change of Govt. at Centre  Liberalization of Economy & increase in GDP from 1.25% to 7.5% in a decade.  GDP (65%) dependent on urban economy  Pressure on quality of urban infrastructure and the need for ULBs.  74th Constitutional Amendment (1992)
    9. 9.  RWA in politics  Conflicts between politicians and RWA on slums  Politicians say – representatives of rich and poor.  Bhagidari increasing RWA’s power  Hostile relations encouraging RWAs to enter politics
    10. 10.  Inequalities in RWA  Difference in functioning due to political back up  Mutual interest for power and development.  Investing in Middle Class neighborhoods – expansion of voter base  Greater financial & executive powers due to policies on decentralization
    11. 11.  What RWA means in Urban Development  Govt. recognizing RWA – providing assistance- ship to develop neighborhoods.  Exclusive group for exclusive development. ▪ Slum Eviction ▪ Gated communities ▪ Restriction on Mixed Use
    12. 12.  Issues related to RWAs  RWAs viewed as a body for common man but it includes only residents, others are ignored.  RWAs of Unauthorized colonies not recognized resulting court orders leading to slum eviction.  Association members enjoying power for decades – misappropriation of funds.  RWA system is dependent on proactive members
    13. 13.  How to achieve inclusive participation?  How to strengthen grass-root level democratic governance?  How to define “Public Interest”?

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