Neoclassical Architecture

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Lecture 1 on Neoclassical Architecture conducted at Sushant School of Art and Architecture …

Lecture 1 on Neoclassical Architecture conducted at Sushant School of Art and Architecture
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  • 1. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism History of Architecture-II (AP-313) NEOCLASSICISM LECTURE 1 Nipesh P Narayanan ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d3/Psyche_revived_Louvre_MR1777.jpg[Online]
  • 2. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism NEO CLASSICISM WHAT IT MEANS? ~ Neo Classical – NEW Classical Classical Neoclassical 18th Century Renaissance – 14th Century on Baroque – 15th Century Rococo – 18th Century
  • 3. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism NEO CLASSICISM REVIVAL OF THE CLASSICAL REVIVAL OF THE CLASSIC
  • 4. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism NEO CLASSICISM REVIVAL OF THE CLASSICAL REVIVAL OF THE CLASSIC Renaissance Neoclassical
  • 5. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism NEO CLASSICISM REVIVAL OF THE CLASSICAL REVIVAL OF THE CLASSIC Renaissance Neoclassical Antiquity Archaeology
  • 6. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism NEO CLASSICISM REVIVAL OF THE CLASSICAL Plato & Classic Ideas “Ideal Form” Archaeology Johann Joachim Winckelmann Excavation of Pompeii & Herculaneum 18th Century France and the age of enlightenment Jacque Louis David Emmanuel Kant Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • 7. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism NEO CLASSICISM REVIVAL OF THE CLASSICAL Plato & Classic Ideas “Ideal Form”
  • 8. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism NEO CLASSICISM REVIVAL OF THE CLASSICAL Plato & Classic Ideas “Ideal Form” Archaeology Johann Joachim Winckelmann Excavation of Pompeii & Herculaneum
  • 9. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism NEO CLASSICISM REVIVAL OF THE CLASSICAL Plato & Classic Ideas “Ideal Form” Archaeology Johann Joachim Winckelmann Excavation of Pompeii & Herculaneum 18th Century France and the age of enlightenment Jacque Louis David Immanuel Kant Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • 10. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism IMMANUEL KANT WHAT IS ENLIGHTENMENT? ImageSource:http://www.posterenvy.com/catalog/ss087thumb%20-%20Philosopher%20Immanuel%20Kant.jpg[Online] Dare to Know!
  • 11. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism ROUSSEAU DISCOURSE ON ART AND SCIENCES ImageSource:http://www.laprocure.com/cache/couvertures/9782253193197.jpg[Online] Rousseau argues that progress – understood as arts and sciences “throttle in that the sentiment of that original ‘freedom’ for which they seemed born, make them love their slavery and fashion them into what is called civilized peoples.”
  • 12. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism FRENCH REVOLUTION & JACQUE LOUIS DAVID Oath of Horatii ImageSource:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:David-Oath_of_the_Horatii-1784.jpg[Online]
  • 13. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism FRENCH REVOLUTION & JACQUE LOUIS DAVID Death of Socrates ImageSource:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:David_-_The_Death_of_Socrates.jpg.jpg[Online]
  • 14. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism NEO CLASSICISM REVIVAL OF THE CLASSICAL Plato & Classic Ideas “Ideal Form” Archaeology Johann Joachim Winckelmann Excavation of Pompeii & Herculaneum 18th Century France and the age of enlightenment Jacque Louis David Immanuel Kant Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • 15. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism ANDREA PALLADIO (1508 – 1580) PALLADIAN ARCHITECTURE ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/94/Andrea_palladio_fourth_book_image.jpg[Online] A villa with a superimposed portico, from Book IV of Palladio's I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura, in an English translation published in London, 1736.
  • 16. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism ANDREA PALLADIO (1508 – 1580) PALLADIAN ARCHITECTURE ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/53/PalladioRotondaPlan.jpg[Online] Villa Rotonda (1570s)
  • 17. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism ANDREA PALLADIO (1508 – 1580) PALLADIAN ARCHITECTURE ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d8/Larotonda2009.JPG[Online] Villa Rotonda (1570s)
  • 18. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism GIOVANNI PAOLO PANNINI VEDAUTA IDEATA (Imaginary View) ImageSource: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6b/Roman_Capriccio_The_Pantheon_and_Other_Monuments_by_Giov anni_Paolo_Panini.jpg[Online] Roman Capriccio The Pantheon and Other Monuments (1735)
  • 19. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism GIOVANNI PAOLO PANNINI VEDAUTA IDEATA (Imaginary View) ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/89/PanniniMusImagin.jpgOnline] Roman ruins and sculpture (1754-57)
  • 20. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism PRINCE OF WHALES MAUSOLEUM ImageSource: http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/822/flashcards/131822/jpg/study_packet_2b_page_021319908840644.jpg [Online] Design by Chambers for the Mausoleum of the Prince of Whales (1751)
  • 21. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism THE ROMAN vs GREEK ImageSource:http://exhibits.slpl.org/scanned/pixel/ste01311.jpg[Online] On the Magnificence and Architecture of the Romans ~ Piranesi (1761)
  • 22. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism THE CLASSIC! ImageSource:http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-SoPFHY9LJa0/T-9ovxk9nSI/AAAAAAAAI3w/x_ioNdUYl74/s400/piranesi+7.jpg [Online] Thoughts on Architecture ~ Piranesi (1765)
  • 23. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism THE FRENCH ACADEMY IN ROME ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1d/Villa_Medici_a_Roma.jpg[Online] Villa Medici, Rome (Founded 1666)
  • 24. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism PANTHEON (Paris) - JACQUES-GABRIEL SOUFFLOT ImageSource:http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/718/flashcards/712718/png/111321134642199.png[Online] Paris (1756)
  • 25. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism PANTHEON (Paris) - JACQUES-GABRIEL SOUFFLOT ImageSource:http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/718/flashcards/712718/jpg/121321134675596.jpg[Online] Plan, Paris(1756)
  • 26. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism PANTHEON (Paris) - JACQUES-GABRIEL SOUFFLOT ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/Int%C3%A9rieur_du_Panth%C3%A9on.jpg[Online] Interior of Pantheon, Paris(1756)
  • 27. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism BRANDENBURG GATE - CARL GOTTHARD LANGHANS ImageSource:Author Berlin (1789-94)
  • 28. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism THE CUPOLA ROOM - WILLIAM KENT ImageSource:http://www.architecture.com/Images/Palladio/Interiors/Colour/KensingtonPalace.jpg[Online] Interiors of Cupola Room, Kensington Palace, London (1720s)
  • 29. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism THE CUPOLA ROOM - WILLIAM KENT ImageSource:http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8529/8511881787_567ed436dc_c.jpg[Online] Interiors of Cupola Room, Kensington Palace, London (1720s)
  • 30. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism HOLKHAM HALL - WILLIAM KENT, LORD BURLINGTON ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/Holkham_hall_south_face.jpg[Online] Country House, Holkham Village, England (1730s)
  • 31. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism HOLKHAM HALL - WILLIAM KENT, LORD BURLINGTON ImageSourcehttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/Plan_of_Holkham_Hall.png[Online] Plan, Holkham hall, Holkham Village, England (1730s)
  • 32. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism HOLKHAM HALL - WILLIAM KENT, LORD BURLINGTON ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/64/Marble_Hall_Holkham_Hall.jpg[Online] Marble Hall – Interior (1730s)
  • 33. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism HOLKHAM HALL - WILLIAM KENT, LORD BURLINGTON ImageSourcehttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Holkham_Hall%2C_construction_detail.jpg[Online] Marble Hall – Construction Detail (1730s)
  • 34. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism SYON HOUSE- ROBERT ADAM ImageSourcehttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c5/Painting_of_Syon_House.jpg[Online] Picturesque rendering – London (Remodeled 1762 – 9)
  • 35. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism SYON HOUSE- ROBERT ADAM ImageSourcehttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/Syon_House_West_Aspect.JPG[Online] Elevation, Syon House, (Remodeled 1762 – 9)
  • 36. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism SYON HOUSE- ROBERT ADAM ImageSourcehttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Syon_Plan.jpg[Online] Plan, Syon House, (Remodeled 1762 – 9)
  • 37. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism SHEREMETEV PALACE - QUARENGHI (1790s) ImageSourcehttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Sheremetev_Palace_01.JPG[Online] Russia was introduced to neo-classical architecture by Ar. Giacomo Quarenghi (1744 – 1817), trained as a painter in Bergamo and in Rome
  • 38. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism THOMAS JEFFERSON AND THE ARCHITECTURE OF NEW REPUBLIC ImageSourcehttp://www.ushistory.org/declaration/images/trumbull-large1.jpg[Online] Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826) was influenced by French neo-classicism in his search for an architecture which would symbolize the values of the newly established republic, USA (1784).
  • 39. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism THOMAS JEFFERSON AND THE ARCHITECTURE OF NEW REPUBLIC ImageSourcehttp://jeffersoninparis.com/images/600_hotel_de_salm_construction.jpg[Online] Thomas Jefferson’s favorite building, built between1782 and 1787 by the architect Pierre Rousseau
  • 40. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism MONTICELLO - THOMAS JEFFERSON ImageSourcehttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/Thomas_Jefferson's_Monticello_Estate.jpg[Online] The remodeling of Monticello, completed during Jefferson’s term as the third president of USA (1801-1809), gave it the effect of a one-storeyed Roman villa.
  • 41. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism MONTICELLO - THOMAS JEFFERSON ImageSourcehttp://data.greatbuildings.com/gbc/drawings/Monticello_Floor_Plan.jpg[Online] The remodeling of Monticello, completed during Jefferson’s term as the third president of USA (1801-1809), gave it the effect of a one-storeyed Roman villa.
  • 42. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism UNITED STATES CAPITOL ImageSourcehttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c5/IMG_2259_-_Washington_DC_- _US_Capitol.JPG[Online] Exterior of the Capitol, Washington (initial building 1792 – 1827) by Thornton, Haller, Hadfield, Latrobe and Bulfinch.
  • 43. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Neoclassicism REFERENCE Watkin, David. 1996. A history of Western Architecture. London : Laurence King, 1996. ISBN 1856690822. Fletcher, Banister and Cruickshank, Dan. 1996. Sir Banister Fletcher's: A History of Architecture. s.l. : Elsevier/Architectural Press, 1996. ISBN 0750622679, 9780750622677.