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Lecture 3 arts & crafts + art nouveau

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SSAA History of Architecture …

SSAA History of Architecture
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  • 1. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau History of Architecture-II (AP-313) Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau LECTURE 3 Nipesh P Narayanan ImageSource: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/William_Morris_design_for_Trellis_wallpaper_1862.jpg[Online]
  • 2. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau RAPHAEL Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (1483 –1520) Deposition of Christ, 1507 ImageSourcehttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f2/Raffaello%2C_pala_baglioni%2C_deposizione.jpg [ONLINE]
  • 3. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau POST RAPHAEL MANNERISM Parmigianino's Madonna with the Long Neck (1534-40) ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/89/Parmigianino_003b.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 4. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau PRE-RAPHAELITE BROTHERHOOD Christ In the House of His Parents, by John Everett Millais, 1850 ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Millais-christ-in-the-house-of-his-parents.jpg [ONLINE]
  • 5. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau INDUSTRIALIZATION Effects – Money – Alienation ImageSource:http://ia.media- imdb.com/images/M/MV5BMjMwMDA5NzEwOF5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwMzgwNDg3OA@@._V1_SY317_CR5,0,214,317_.jpg [ONLINE]
  • 6. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau RESPONSE TO INDUSTRIALIZATION William Morris (1834 –1896) C R Ashbee (1863 –1942) W R Lethaby (1857 - 1931) Trained as Architects and worked towards unity in the arts. “to re-establish a harmony between architect, designer and craftsman and to bring handcraftsmanship to the production of well-designer, affordable, everyday objects.” ImageSource:http://media.screened.com/uploads/0/235/636117-modern_times_gears.png[ONLINE]
  • 7. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau RESPONSE TO INDUSTRIALIZATION Individual expression Vernacular Use of local materials “improvement of commercial design always remained as serious a goal as the restoration of craftsmanship. Groups of leading designers not only set up craft societies but independent commercial companies” ImageSource:http://media.screened.com/uploads/0/235/636117-modern_times_gears.png[ONLINE]
  • 8. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau SOCIAL REFORM OF ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT Change in Working condition Belief in restorative power of craftsmanship Simple life Art as a way of life
  • 9. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau PRINCIPLES OF ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT HONESTY Design Unity Joy in Labour Individualism Regionalism
  • 10. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau WILLIAM MORRIS (1834 –1896) Influenced by – Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood – Writings of John Ruskin ImageSource:hhttp://www.literaryplaces.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Portrait-of-William-Morris.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 11. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau WILLIAM MORRIS TRELLIS Wallpaper designer by Morris ImageSource:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:William_Morris_design_for_Trellis_wallpaper_1862.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 12. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau WILLIAM MORRIS RED HOUSE Architect - Philip Webb ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/The_Red_House%2C_Bexleyheath.JPG[ONLINE]
  • 13. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau WILLIAM MORRIS RED HOUSE Architect - Philip Webb ImageSource:http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_w4ifTToAw5Q/TD8vQOlxSMI/AAAAAAAACh0/LVo4bxKHSfU/s1600/red+house.jpg [ONLINE]
  • 14. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau WILLIAM MORRIS RED HOUSE Architect - Philip Webb ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/00/Red_House_window_detail.JPG[ONLINE]
  • 15. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau C R ASHBEE (1863 –1942) Influenced by – Socialism of William Morris (Established Guild and School of Handicraft in 1888, in the slums of Whitechapel) – Works of John Ruskin ImageSource:http://www.utopia-britannica.org.uk/Assets/Ashbee.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 16. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau C R ASHBEE GUILD AND SCHOOL OF HANDICRAFT "seek not only to set a higher standard of craftsmanship, but at the same time, and in so doing, to protect the status of the craftsman. To this end it endeavours to steer a mean between the independence of the artist— which is individualistic and often parasitical— and the trade-shop, where the workman is bound to purely commercial and antiquated traditions, and has, as a rule, neither stake in the business nor any interest beyond his weekly wage"
  • 17. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau C R ASHBEE MAHOGANY VENEERED ETAGÈRE ImageSource:http://www.victorianweb.org/art/design/ashbee/3.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 18. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau C R ASHBEE SILVER MOUNTED DECANTER ImageSource:http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3113/3168776759_c1702917e5.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 19. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau W R LETHABY (1857 - 1931) Influenced by – His Father, craftsman and lay preacher – Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings ImageSource:http://stoneletters.files.wordpress.com/2012/08/william-lethaby.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 20. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau W R LETHABY BUILDING AT COLMORE ROW ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7/122-124_Colmore_Row.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 21. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau PHILIP WEBB (1857 - 1931) Architect of the first Arts and Crafts Building – The Red House ImageSource:http://www.achome.co.uk/biographies/biographies/webb.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 22. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau PHILIP WEBB - STANDEN House at West Sussex, England. ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b1/Standen_Exterior.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 23. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau PHILIP WEBB - STANDEN House at West Sussex, England. ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/48/Standen_Interior.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 24. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau INFLUENCE ON USA- ORGANIC ARCHITECTURE “The idea that every country should have an architecture that reflects its own particular history, geography and climate was central to the Arts and Crafts movement”
  • 25. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau INFLUENCE ON USA- DAVID B GAMBLE HOUSE ImageSource:http://www.huntington.org/uploadedImages/Files/images/greenegamble.jpg[ONLINE] House at West Sussex, England, Designed by Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene (1908)
  • 26. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau INFLUENCE ON USA- DAVID B GAMBLE HOUSE ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/Gamble_Porch.jpg[ONLINE] House at West Sussex, England, Designed by Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene
  • 27. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau INFLUENCE ON USA- MILLARD HOUSE HOUSE ImageSource:http://millardhouse.com/mhouse237/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/a_splash-2.jpg[ONLINE] F L Wright (1932)
  • 28. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau INFLUENCE ON USA- MILLARD HOUSE HOUSE ImageSource:http://millardhouse.com/mhouse237/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/a_splash-1.jpg[ONLINE] F L Wright (1923)
  • 29. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau INFLUENCE ON USA- WAINWRIGHT BUILDING ImageSource:http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/1883/flashcards/634705/jpg/wainwright-building.jpg[ONLINE] Architect – Louis Sullivan (1890-91)
  • 30. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau INFLUENCE ON USA- WAINWRIGHT BUILDING ImageSource:http://larryspeck.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/78-710.jpg[ONLINE] Architect – Louis Sullivan (1890-91)
  • 31. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau INFLUENCE ON USA- WAINWRIGHT BUILDING ImageSource:http://timothypflueger.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/wainwright-building-habs-cropped.jpg[ONLINE] Architect – Louis Sullivan (1890-91)
  • 32. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT & ART NOUVEAU Rough Timeline Arts and Crafts Movement – 1860s – 1910s Art Nouveau – 1890s-1910s
  • 33. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT & ART NOUVEAU Principles Imbibing all art forms Art as a way of life
  • 34. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau ART NOUVEAU DIFFERENT FROM ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT?
  • 35. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau ART NOUVEAU DIFFERENT FROM ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT? Use of New Materials Protest against the traditional “William Morris was the theoretician whose beliefs more than those of anyone else initiated the Art Nouveau movement”
  • 36. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau ALFRED DE MUSSET CONFESSIONS D’UN ENFANT DU SIÉCLE (1836) Cabinet of Curiosities (1690) by Domenico Remps “ The apartments of the rich are cabinets of curiosities: a conglomeration of Classical Antiquity….something from every century except our own, a predicament which has arisen in no other period…. So that we seem to be subsisting on the ruins of the past, as if the end of the world were near” ImageSource: http://s3.amazonaws.com/data.tumblr.com/tumblr_l9oxk6yxws1qb0ukuo1_1280.jpg?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAI6WLSGT7Y3ET 7ADQ&Expires=1378978798&Signature=4A2LIMJlkWwMCWlKRpgdnsOSdBw%3D#_=_[ONLINE]
  • 37. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau HEYGATE MACKMURDO (1851 – 1941) TITLE PAGE (1883) “ Mackmurdo’D first graphic expression of Art Nouveau is generally accepted as his title page for Wren’s City Churches, published by G Allen in 1883” ImageSource:http://www.aiga.org/uploadedImages/AIGA/Content/Inspiration/Voice/ART_Patton_BackStart_300x368.jpg [ONLINE]
  • 38. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau HEYGATE MACKMURDO (1851 – 1941) CHAIR (1883) ImageSource:http://hogd.pbworks.com/f/1254968919/Mackmurdo's%20chair.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 39. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau MAISON DE L'ART NOUVEAU ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/81/Siegfried_bing_exposition_20050227.JPG[ONLINE] Opened on 1895, Paris
  • 40. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH (1868 –1928 ) ImageSource:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wfm_glasgow_school_of_art.jpg[ONLINE] Glasgow School of Art (1897)
  • 41. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH (1868 –1928 ) ImageSource:http://brst440.commons.yale.edu/files/glasgow-school-of-art.jpg[ONLINE] Glasgow School of Art (1897)
  • 42. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH (1868 –1928 ) ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/16/Wfm_mackintosh_lighthouse.jpg[ONLINE] The Lighthouse, Glasgow (1895)
  • 43. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH (1868 –1928 ) ImageSource:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lighthouse_glasgow_spiral_staircase.jpg[ONLINE] The Lighthouse, Glasgow (1895)
  • 44. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH (1868 –1928 ) ImageSource:http://www.urbansuite.co.uk/images/D/charles-rennie-mackintosh-hill-house-chair-1274-1.jpg[ONLINE] Mackintosh Chair
  • 45. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau ANTONI GAUDÍ (1852 –1926 ) ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ee/Sagrada_Familia_01.jpg[ONLINE] Sagrada Família (1883)
  • 46. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau ANTONI GAUDÍ (1852 –1926 ) ImageSource:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sagrada_Familia_nave_roof_detail.jpg[ONLINE] Sagrada Família (1883)
  • 47. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau LOUIS SULLIVAN (1856 –1924 ) Wainwright building(1890) ImageSource:http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/1883/flashcards/634705/jpg/wainwright-building.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 48. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau LOUIS SULLIVAN (1856 –1924 ) Wainwright building(1890) ImageSource:http://media.archinform.net/m/00002620.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 49. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau VICTOR HORTA (1861 –1947 ) Tassel House (1893) ImageSource:http://hanser.ceat.okstate.edu/6083/Horta/Tassel/Brussels-Hotel%20Tassel,%20ext.%20facade.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 50. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau VICTOR HORTA (1861 –1947 ) Tassel House (1893) ImageSource: http://hanser.ceat.okstate.edu/6083/Horta/Tassel/Victor%20Horta;%20Brussels,%20Tassel%20House,%201893- 5,%20floor%20plans%20of%20restoration2.JPG[ONLINE]
  • 51. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau VICTOR HORTA (1861 –1947 ) Tassel House (1893) ImageSource:http://www.buamai.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/91418726_f96132ab6b_o.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 52. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau ANTONI GAUDÍ (1852 –1926 ) ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/14/Casa_Mil%C3%A0_%28Barcelona%29_- _5.jpg/800px-Casa_Mil%C3%A0_%28Barcelona%29_-_5.jpg[ONLINE] Casa Milà (1907)
  • 53. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau ANTONI GAUDÍ (1852 –1926 ) ImageSource:http://3.bp.blogspot.com/- cR6a1iXhLIM/URP0goQXVtI/AAAAAAAAACI/iIA35t7Ysb8/s640/Casa_Mila_Rooftop.jpg[ONLINE] Casa Milà (1907)
  • 54. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau LOUIS SULLIVAN (1856 –1924 ) Merchants' National Bank (1914) ImageSource:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:LSGrinnell7.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 55. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau LOUIS SULLIVAN (1856 –1924 ) Merchants' National Bank (1914) ImageSource:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:LSGrinnell3.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 56. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau PETER BEHRENS (1868 –1940 ) AEG Turbine Factory (1908) ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4a/AEG_by_Peter_Behrens.jpg[ONLINE]
  • 57. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau JOSEF HOFFMANN (1870 –1956 ) Kubus armchair(1910) ImageSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Josef_Hoffmann_-_Kubus_Fauteuil_%281910%29.jpg [ONLINE]
  • 58. History of Architecture - II (AP-313) – Arts and Crafts Movement + Art Nouveau REFERENCE Cumming, Elizabeth and Kaplan, Wendy. 1991. The Arts and Crafts Movement. London : Thames and Hudson, 1991. ISBN 0-500-20248-6. Watkin, David. 1996. A history of Western Architecture. London : Laurence King, 1996. ISBN 1856690822. Duncan, Alastair. 1999. Art Nouveau. London : Thames and Hudson, 1999. ISBN 0-500-20273-7.