Passive voice

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Passive voice

  1. 1. PASSIVE VOICEMaster Students Name: Elena Baldea1stDecember 1918 University of Alba IuliaLearners Age & Language Proficiency level: low-intermediate adults LanguagePresentation Date: 27 April, 2013
  2. 2. PASSIVE VOICEActive: S + V + OPassive: S + Be + PP(V3ed) + by + O(tense)EX: My father planted this tree last year.This tree was planted by my father lastyear.
  3. 3. TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSESIN PASSIVE VOICE The Simple Present TenseActive: S + V(s/es) + OPassive: S + am/is/are + PP + by + OEX: He reads books every day.Books are read (by him) every day.
  4. 4. TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSESIN PASSIVE VOICE The Present Continuous TenseActive: S + am/is/are + V-ing + OPassive: S + am/is/are + being +PP + by + OEX: He is writing a novel at the moment.A novel is being written (by him) at themoment.
  5. 5. TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSESIN PASSIVE VOICE The Present Perfect TenseActive: S + Has/Have + V3ed + OPassive: S + has/have + been +PP + by + OEX: He has just finished a novel.A novel has just been finished (byhim).
  6. 6. TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSESIN PASSIVE VOICE The Simple Past TenseActive: S + V2ed + OPassive: S + was/were + PP + by + OEX: He gave Tom a book.A book was given to Tom (by him).Tom was given a book (by him).
  7. 7. TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSESIN PASSIVE VOICE The Past Continuous TenseActive: S + was/were + V-ing + OPassive: S + was/were + being + PP + by + OEX: He was writing a letter at 8.00 yesterday.A letter was being written (by him).
  8. 8. TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSESIN PASSIVE VOICE The Past Perfect TenseActive: S + had + V3ed + OPassive: S + had + been + PP + by + OEX: He had finished his homework before8.00 yesterday.His homework had been finished (byhim) before 8.00 yesterday.
  9. 9. TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSESIN PASSIVE VOICE The Simple Future TenseActive: S + will/shall + V + OPassive: S + will/shall + be + PP + by + OEX: He will finish the homework.The homework will be finished.
  10. 10. TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSESIN PASSIVE VOICE The Future Continuous TenseActive: S + will/shall + be + V-ing + OPassive: S + will/shall + be + being + PP + by + OEX: Tom will be cooking lunch at 10.00tomorrow.Lunch will be being cooked by Tomat 10.00 tomorrow.
  11. 11. TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSESIN PASSIVE VOICE The Future Perfect TenseActive: S + will/shall + have + V3ed + OPassive: S + will/shall + have + been + PP + by + OEX: By the end of next week, he will havewritten 10 letters to her.By the end of next week, 10 letters willhave been written to her.
  12. 12. MODAL VERBS (MV) INPASSIVE VOICEModal Verbs can be used in either the present orpast forms.Active: S + MV (not) + V + OPassive: S + MV (not) + Be + PP + by + OEX: We can’t solve this problem.This problem can’t be solved.
  13. 13. PASSIVE VOICE WITH CAUSATIVEFORMActive: S + Has/Have + O1+ V (BI)+ O2S + Get + O1+ V (to-infinitive) + O2Passive: S + Has/Have/Get + O2 + PPEX: My father had Tom wash his car.My father had his car washed by Tom
  14. 14. OTHER INFINITIVECOMBINATIONS IN PASSIVEVOICEVerbs of liking/loving/wanting/wishing + Object+ infinitive form their passive with the passiveinfinitive.Active: S + V + O1 + to-infinitive + O2Passive: S + V + O + To Be + PPEX: He wants someone to take photographs.He wants photographs to be taken.
  15. 15. Such verbs as “have/let/make/hear/see/watch/feel/observe” are used in the following passivestructure:Active: S + V + O + V (BI)Passive: S + To Be + PP + to-InfinitiveEX: The gravity makes things drop down.Things are made to drop down by thegravity.Note: The verb following “let” does not bear “to”in the passive sentence.
  16. 16. OTHER INFINITIVECOMBINATIONS IN PASSIVEVOICEWith advise/beg/order/recommend/urge +Indirect Object + Infinitive + Object, we havetwo ways of making the passive voice.<1>Active: S + V + O1 + to-infinitive + O2Passive: S + To Be + PP + to-infinitive + O2EX: He urged the Council to reduce the tax.The Council was urged to reduce the tax.
  17. 17. OTHER INFINITIVECOMBINATIONS IN PASSIVEVOICEWith advise/beg/order/recommend/urge +Indirect Object + infinitive + Object, we havetwo ways of making the passive voice.<2>Active: S + V + O1 + to-infinitive + O2Passive: S1 + V + that + S2+ should be + PPEX: He urged the Council to reduce the tax.He urged that the tax should be reduced.
  18. 18. OTHER INFINITIVECOMBINATIONS AFTER THEPASSIVE VERBAfter acknowledge/assume/believe/claim/consider /estimate/feel/find/know/report/say/think /understand …, we use theinfinitive construction.Simple Infinitive: if the time in the infinitivepassive is the same as that of the main activeverb.
  19. 19. Match the Passive Sentences with Active SentencesMatch the Passive Sentences with Active Sentences1. The sun is bought by about 3.7 million people everyday.2. The printing press was invented by Gutenberg in1447.3. Thousands of newspaper websites have beencreated since 1990.A. Gutenberg invented the printing press in 1447.B. People have created thousands of newspaperwebsites since 1990.C. 3.7 million people buy the Sun every day.
  20. 20. 1. The sun is bought by about 3.7 million people everyday.2. The printing press was invented by Gutenberg in1447.3. Thousands of newspaper websites have beencreated since 1990.4. The first photographs were printed in a newspaper in1880.5. The Nobel Prize for Literature has been awardedeach year since 1901.6. The Nobel Prize for Literature was given to a Turkishwriter, Orhan Pamuk, in 2006.We use the ACTIVE / PASSIVE when we are more interested in theACTION than the person who does it!
  21. 21. STRUCTURE Marie Claire is sold in 25 countries. The UK’s most famous comic, The Beano, was started in 1938. Financial Times has been published since 1888. We form the Present Simple Passive with …………………… and thePast Participle (V3) We form the Past Simple Passive with …………………… and thePast Participle (V3) We form the Present Perfect Passive with …………………… and thePast Participle (V3)am/is/are has been/have been was/were
  22. 22. SUCCESS!SUCCESS!

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