Albert Ellis (September 27, 1913 – July 24, 2007) was an American psychologist who in 1955 developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). He held M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in clinical psychology from Columbia University and American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP). He also founded and was the president emeritus of the New York City-based Albert Ellis Institute  . He is generally considered to be one of the originators of the cognitive revolutionary paradigm shift in psychotherapy and the founder of cognitive-behavioral therapies .
According to Ellis, there are three things related to the behavior
- the antecedent events (A)
- belief (B)
- emotional consequence (C)
which became known to the concept of ABC.
Wrong behavior is behavior that is based on an irrational way of thinking. Albert Ellis (1994) Irrational beliefs indicators are universally applicable.
Irrational beliefs produces emotional reactions in individuals. In the view of Ellis, resulted in the conviction that rational individual behavior and proper reaction, while the irrational beliefs that result in emotional reactions and behaviors that are wrong
CHARACTERISTIC OF IRRATIONAL BELIEFS
Nelson-Jones (1982) adds the general characteristics of an irrational way of thinking that can be found in general, namely: • Too demanding • Excessive Generalization • self assessment • Emphasis • attribution error • Anti on the fact • Repetition
In general there are two principles that dominate men, the thoughts and feelings. REBT assumes that every normal human being who has thoughts, feelings and behaviors that all three influence each other.
In the context of personality theory, the purpose of counseling is the effect (E) is expected to occur after an intervention by the counselor (D). REBT theory about keribadian by Ellis as counseling theory comes into ABCDE (antecedent event, belief, emotional consequenceal, desputing, and effect). Effect is a psychological state that is expected to occur after attending the counseling process.
There are three levels of insight that need to be achieved in REBT, namely:
Understanding (insight) was achieved when clients understand about the behavior of self-denial that is connected to the cause of most of the previous line with beliefs about the events received (antecedent event) who then and this Saar.
Understanding occurs when the counselor / therapist helps clients to understand that a disturbing pa client at this time is due to irrational beliefs, which continues to be studied and obtained previously.
The understanding reached at the time counselor to assist clients to achieve the third understanding, that there is no other way to get out of the emotional barriers except by detecting and "against" the irrational belief (iB).
George and Cristiani (1984) suggested REBT counseling stages are as follows:
The first stage, the process to demonstrate to clients that he was not logical, helping them understand how and why to be so, and shows the relationship of irrational interference with the unhappiness and emotional disturbance experienced.
The second stage, helping clients to believe that thinking can be challenged and changed. Willingness of clients to be explored in a logical reaction to the idea that experienced by the client and the counselor directs the client to perform client disputing of irrational beliefs.
The third stage, helping clients more "debating" (disputing) disorders of inappropriate or irrational is maintained during this towards a more rational way of thinking with a rational way reinduktrinasi including behave rationally.
REBT counselors are expected to give positive recognition to the client unconditionally or calls with unconditional self-acceptance (USA) is an unconditional self-acceptance, not the condition (conditioning regard), because REBT philosophy holds that no man is damned for many things ( Ellis, 1994, 1997). Relative to the Ellis (1994:3) confirms the attitude of the counselor as follows:
"Unconditional acceptance of Them as a human, and actively teaching clients how to fully accept themselves, clients are Able to Express Their feeling more openly and to stop rating themselves Pls They even knowledge the inefficiency or immorality of Some of Their acts".
REBT can be applied in a variety of counseling, which includes individual counseling, group marathon encounter, brief therapy, family therapy, sex therapy, and classroom situations. Clients are very suitable for REBT clients who experience anxiety at a moderate level, neurotic disorders, character disorders, psychosomatic problems, eating disorders, the inability in terms of interpersonal relationships, marital problems, parenting skills, addiction, and sexual dysfunction. All are effective with the record is not too serious disturbances.