PARTIES INVOLVED IN THE NEW ISSUE Managers to the issue, Registrars to the issue, Underwriters, Bankers, Advertising agencies, Financial institutions and Govern-ment / statutory agencies.
Managers to the issueMain duties are:(a) Drafting of prospectus(b) Preparing the budget of expenses related to theissue(c) Suggesting the appropriate timings of the publicissue(d) Assisting, in marketing the public issuesuccessfully(e) Advising the company in the appointment ofregistrars to theissue, underwriters, brokers, bankers to theissue, advertising agents etc.(f) Directing the various agencies involved in the
Conti… The merchant banking division of the financial institutions, subsidiary of commercial banks, foreign banks, private sector banks and private, agen-cies are available to act as lead managers.
Registrars to the issue After the appointment of the lead managers to the issue, in consultation with them, the Registrar to the issue is appointed. Quotations containing the details of the various functions they would be performing and charges for them are called for selection. Among them the most suitable one is selected. It is always ensured that the registrar to the issue has the necessary infrastructure like computer, internet and telephone.
Conti… The Registrars: Normally receive the share application from various collection centres. Recommend the basis of allotment in consultation with the Regional Stock Exchange for approval. Arrange for the despatching of the share certificates. Hand over the details of the share allocation and other related registers to the company. Usually registrars to the issue retain the issuer records at least for a period of six months.
Underwriters Underwriter is a person who gives an assurance to the issuer to the effect that the former would subscribe to the securities offered in the event of non-subscription by the person to whom they were offered. They do not buy and sell securities. They stand as back-up supporters and underwriting is done for a commission. Underwriting provides an insurance against the possibly of inadequate subscription.
Conti… Can be of 2 types: • Financial institutions and banks • Brokers and approved investment companies Some of the underwriters are financial institutions, commercial banks, merchant bankers, members of the stock exchange, Export and Import Bank of India, State Bank of India etc. Before appointing an underwriter, the financial strength of the prospective underwriter is considered.
Conti… The other aspects consid-ered are: Experience in the primary market Past underwriting performance and default Outstanding underwriting commitment The network of investor clientele of the underwriter and His overall reputation. If the underwriter fails to pay, the company is free to allot the shares to others or take up proceeding against the underwriter to claim damages for any loss suffered by the company for his denial.
Bankers Having the responsibility of collection the application money along with the application form. The bankers to the issue generally charge commission besides the brokerage, if any. Depending upon the size of the public issue more than one banker to the issue is appointed.
Advertising agencies Tentative programmes of each advertising agency along with the estimated cost are called for. After comparing the effectiveness and cost of each programme with the other, a suitable advertising agency is selected in consultation with the lead managers to the issue. The advertising agencies take the responsibility of giving publicity to the issue on the suitable media. The media may be newspapers/magazines/ hoardings/press release or a combination of all.
Financial institutions Financial institutions generally underwrite the issue and lend term loans to the companies. Normally they go through the draft of prospectus, Study the proposed programme for public issue and approve them. IDBI, IFCI & ICICI, LlC, GIC and UTI are the some of the financial institution that underwrite and give financial assistance.
Govern-ment / statutory agencies SEBI Registrar of companies RBI Stock Exchanges where the issue is going to be listed Industrial Licensing Authorities Pollution Control Authorities
COLLECTION CENTRES Generally there should be at least 30 mandatory collection centers inclusive of the places where stock ex-changes are located. If the issue is not exceeding Rs 10cr (excluding premium if any) the mandatory collec-tion centers are the four metropolitan centres viz. Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta and Chennai and at all such centres where stock exchanges are located in the region in which the registered office of the company is situated.
Northern Region Exchange City• Ludhiana Stock Exchange Ludhiana• Delhi Stock Exchange Delhi• Jaipur Stock Exchange Jaipur• U. P. Stock Exchange Kanpur
Western Region Exchange City• Bombay Stock Exchange Mumbai• National Stock Exchange Mumbai• OTCEI Stock Exchange Mumbai• M.P. Stock Exchange Indore• Pune Stock Exchange Pune• Vadodara Stock Exchange Vadodara• Ahmedabad Stock Exchange Ahmedabad• Saurashtra Kutch Stock Exchange Rajkot
Conti… The collection agents are permitted to collect such application money in the form of cheques, draft, stock invests and not in the form of cash. The names and addresses of such agent should be given in the offer documents.
PLACEMENT OF THE ISSUE1. Prospectus.2. Bought out deals/offer for sale3. Private placement4. Right issue5. Book building.
1. Prospectus. According to Companies (Amendment) Act 1985, application forms for shares of a company should be accompanied by a Memorandum (abridged prospectus). The draft prospectus has to be sent to the Regional Stock Exchange where the shares of the company are to be listed and also to all other stock exchanges where the shares are proposed to.be listed.
The salient features of the prospectus1. General Informationa) Name and address of the registered office of the company:The name(s) of the stock exchange(s) where applications have been made for permission to deal in and for official quotations of shares/debentures.b) Opening, closing and earliest closing dates of the issue.c) Name and address of lead managers.d) Name and address of Trustees under Debenture Trust Deed (in case of debenture issue).e) Rating for debenture/preference shares, if any, obtained from CRISIL or any other recognised rating agency.
Conti… 2. Capital structure of the company a) Issued, subscribed and paid up capital. b) Size of the present issue giving separately reservation for preferential allotment to promoters and others. c) Paid up capital - a) After the present issue. b) After conversion of debentures (if applicable). d) Details regarding the promoters contribution.
Conti… 3. Terms of the present issue • Authority for the issue, terms of payment, procedure and time Schedule for allotment, issue of certificate and rights of the instrument holders. • How to apply - availability of forms, prospectus and mode of payment. • Special tax benefits to the company and shareholders under the Income Tax Act if any.
Conti… 4. Particulars of the Issue a) Object of the issue b) Project cost c) Means of financing
Conti… 5. Company, Management and Project a) History, main objects and present business of the company. b) Subsidiary (ies) of the company, if any. c) Promoters and their back ground. d) Names, addresses and occupation of managing directors and other directors including nominee directors and whole-time directors. e) Location of the project. f) Plant and machinery, technological process etc.
Conti… g) Collaboration, any performance guarantee or assistance in marketing by the collaborators. h) Infrastructure facilities for raw materials and utilities like water, electricity etc. I) Schedule of implementation of the project and progress so far, giving details of land acquisition, civil works, installation of plant and machinery, trial production, consumer production etc. j) The product – Nature of the products-consumer/industrial and end users. – Approach to marketing and proposed marketing set up. – Export possibilities and export obligations, if any.
Conti… k) Future prospects - expected capacity utilisation during the first three years from the date of com-mencement of production and the expected year when the company would be able to earn cash profit and net profit. l) Stock market data for shares, debentures of the company (high, low price in each of the last 3 years and monthly high, low during the last six months (where applicable).
Conti… 6. Particulars regarding the other listed companies under the same management, which have made any capital issues during the last three years. 7. Details of the outstanding litigations pertaining to matters likely to affect the operations and finances of the company including disputed tax liabilities of any nature, any other default and criminal prosecution launched against the company etc. 8. Management perception of risk factors like sensitivity to foreign exchange rate fluctuations, difficulty in the availability of raw materials or in marketing of products, cost, time over-run etc.
Conti… 9. Justification of the issue premium .The justification for price is given, taking into account the following parameters: a) Performance of the company as reflected by earnings per share and book value of shares for the past five years. b) Future projections in terms of EPS and book value of shares in the next three years. c) Stock market data. d) Net asset value as per the latest audited balance sheet.
Conti… 10. Financial Information a) Financial performance of the company for last five years should be given from the audited annual accounts in tabular form. b) Balance sheet data: equity capital, reserves (revaluation reserve, the year of revaluation anti its monetary effect on assets) and borrowings. c) Profit and loss data: sales, gross profit, net profit, dividend paid if any. d) Any change in the accounting policy" during the last three years and its effect on the profit and reserves of the company.
Conti… 11. Statutory and other information a) Minimum subscription b) Details of the fee payable to Advisers, Registrar, Managers, Trustees of the debenture holders and underwriters. c) Details regarding the previous issues if any.