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Educational Services for Ethnic Minority Groups in Bulgaria
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Educational Services for Ethnic Minority Groups in Bulgaria

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by Nikolay Yanev

by Nikolay Yanev

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Educational Services for Ethnic Minority Groups in Bulgaria Educational Services for Ethnic Minority Groups in Bulgaria Presentation Transcript

  • Educational Services for Ethnic Minority Groups under the Operational Program ‘Human Resource Development 2007-2013’ Structural Funds and International Educational Programs Directorate, Ministry Of Education Youth and Science Republic of Bulgaria Nikolay Yanev
  • Overview
    • The term “ethnic minority group”
    • Demographic issues in Bulgaria
    • Areas of intervention
    • Means of intervention – OP HRD
    • Operations and measures
    • Effects and Deficiencies
  • The term ”Ethnic minority group”
    • Frequent usage – lack of clear definition
    • United Nations – Principles and recommendations for a vital statistics system 2001, para. 186-187 sets some criteria: “ethnic nationality (i.e. country or area of origin, as distinct from citizenship or country of legal nationality), race, colour, language, religion, customs of dress or eating, tribe or various combinations of these characteristics.”
    • Council of Europe/ERICarts, "Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe, 11th edition", 2010: "Community of people, related to each other by origin and language, and close to each other by mode of life and culture.“
    • “… no internationally accepted criteria are possible.”
    • (Principles and recommendations, 2001)
  • Demographic issues in Bulgaria
  • Demographic issues in Bulgaria
  • Areas of intervention >>Problems of the Roma population
    • High percentage of drop-outs
    • Low literacy rates
    • Poverty : 80 % of gypsies live with less than 4.5 $ per day
    • ( 2003 World Bank Report for Central and Eastern Europe )
    • Exclusion
    Literacy rates National Statistical Institute 2001 Census Educational level General for Bulgaria Roma population Tertiary (Higher) 882 795 (20,7%) 443 (0,3%) Secondary ( 9 - 12 grade ) 2 063 011 (48,4%) 11 075 (6,9%) Basic II (5-8 grade) 1 051 338 (24,7%) 71 521 (44,8%) Basic I (1-4 grade) 182 111 (4,3%) 43 819 (27,4%) Primary dropped out 30 727 (0,7%) 12 445 (7,8%) illiterates 49 475 (1,2%) 20 341 ( 12,7%)
  • Means of intervention >>Operational Programme “Human Resource Development”
    • Budget – 1,2 billion €
    • Priority Axis:
      • 1. Promotion of economic activity and development of inclusive labor market;
      • 2. Raising the productivity and adaptability of the employed persons;
      • 3. Improving the quality of education and training (MEYS) - 242 773 915 €;
      • 4. Improving the access to education and training (MEYS) - 194 219 132 €; area of intervention 4.1.
      • 5. Improving the effectiveness of labor market institutions and of social and healthcare services;
      • 6. Transnational and interregional cooperation;
      • 7. Technical assistance.
    • Areas of assistance with regard to Roma community
  • Operations and measures
    • BG051PO001/07/4.1-01
    • Creating supportive multicultural environment – 5 574 116 BGN
    • (≈ 2 800 000 €)
    • BG051PO001- 4.1.03
    • Integration of children and students from ethnic minorities within the educational system – 12 000 000 BGN (≈ 6 000 000 €)
    • Measures being funded:
      • Desegregation – from ‘Roma’ schools to mixed schools
      • Training of teachers
      • ‘ Get together’ activities – celebrating traditional feasts
      • Tailor-made programs for drop-outs
      • Ethnic tolerance campaigns
  • Effects and Deficiencies
    • Indicators reached
      • ≈ 30 000 Roma children participating in different desegregation programs
      • ≈ 2000 Teachers trained to work in multicultural environment
    • Problems
      • Lack of sustainability
      • Prevalence of ‘consultancy’ over ‘field work’
      • Racial prejudices
  • More information
    • http://eufunds.bg/ - Structural funds in Bulgaria
    • http://www.osf.bg/ - Open Society – BG
    • http://ethnos.bg/ - portal of ethnic minorities in Bulgaria
    • http://sf.mon.bg – Ministry of education youth and science – structural funds
    • http://coiduem.mon.bg/ - Centre for educational integration of minority children and students
    • Nikolay Yanev
    • [email_address]