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The gulf war

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  • 1. THE GULF WAR 1990 - 1991
  • 2. WHAT IS THE GULF WAR A U.N AUTHORIZED COALITION FORCE LED BY THE USA, AGAINST IRAQ, FOLLOWING THEIR INVASION OF KUWAIT
  • 3. BUILD UP TO THE WAR Iraq was deeply in debt after the events of IraqIran War, which saw the death of nearly half a million soldiers and nearly the same amount of civilians. Iraq was particularly in debt to Kuwait. Kuwait did not agree to the Iraqi pleas to cancel the debts. Iraq accused Kuwait of destabilizing the economy, and openly threatened military action. On the 23rd of July 1990, Iraq moved 30,000 troops to Kuwaiti border. They invaded on the 2nd of August 1990
  • 4. WHICH NATIONS TOOK PART IN THE GULF WAR • Coalition members included Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, Franc e, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Italy, Kuwait, Malaysia, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America. • Germany and Japan contributed financially, but didn’t send any military hardware or troops • The Coalition was led by the USA. The USA contributed the majority of the soldiers • Coalition countries highlighted blue
  • 5. MAPS A map showing the deployment of troops, as well as airstrike locations, and other locations such as Capital cities and Oil fields A map of Kuwait
  • 6. THE ULTIMATE OUTCOME • The Ultimate Outcome was a decisive victory for the Coalition forces, driving Iraq out of Kuwait. A ceasefire agreement was negotiated and signed by both sides. However, the controversies around the terms would lead to The 2nd Gulf War, in 2003.
  • 7. SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF THE GULF WAR • Destabilized Iraq economy • Increase in oil prices in Kuwait • Huge decrease in Kuwait’s GDP and the Oil Industry severely deteriorated
  • 8. LONG TERM EFFECTS • Huge Environmental impact, with nearly 11 million barrels of oil released into the Arabian Gulf, as well as at least 80 ships carrying weapons and oil. This disturbed the entire ecosystem, and destroyed marine life. The land where the war took place became infertile. The Iraqi soldiers burned nearly 600 oil wells, leading to massive air pollution • Many soldiers involved in the Gulf War have been diagnosed with a unique affliction, known as “Gulf War Illness”. Symptoms in the soldiers include Chronic Fatigue, Moodiness, Depression, Sleeping Problems and Muscle and Joint Pains. It has effected approximately 250,000 soldiers who returned from the Gulf War • The impact on the common people was great too, with many women being raped in the midst of war.
  • 9. HOW DOES IT RELATE TO THE ARAB-ISRAELI QUESTION It relates to the Arab-Israeli question, because the Gulf War can be seen as a result of the Iran-Iraq, which was a result of the Intifada and so on further down the chain of events

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