vegetable oil


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vegetable oil

  1. 1. is a triglyceride extracted from a plant.  any of a group of oils that are esters of fatty acids and glycerol and are obtained from plants. any of various oils obtained from plants and used in food products and industrially.
  2. 2. vegetable oil  are vegetable oils that are liquid at room temperature. vegetable fat  are vegetable oils that are solid at room temperature.  Oils extracted from plants have been used since ancient times and in many cultures.
  3. 3. Vegetable Oil Properties: The smoke point of vegetable oils vary and are higher for oils used for frying like canola oil (smoke point 242°), and safflower oil (smoke point 265°). Types: The different types of vegetable oils include palm oil, soya bean oil, canola oil, pumpkin seed oil, corn oil, sunflower oil, safflower oil, peanut oil, grape seed oil, sesame oil, argan oil, rice bran oil and some others. Uses: Vegetable oils are used for cooking, fuel, cosmetics & medicines and other industrial purposes. Fat composition: Coconut oil has the highest content of saturated fat (92%). Canola &sunflower oil have the least amount of saturated fats (6% and 9%, respectively), but contain a higher percentage of monounsaturated fat (62% and 82% respectively). Made from: Vegetable and plant sources like seeds, nuts and fruits Calories: 120 Calories per tablespoon
  4. 4. Oil Sources Uses Coconut Used in soaps and cooking Cottonseed A major food oil, often used in industrial food processing Olive Used in cooking, cosmetics, soaps and as a fuel for traditional oil lamps Palm The most widely produced tropical oil, also used to make biofuel Peanut Mild-flavored cooking oil Rapeseed One of the most widely used cooking oils, canola is a variety (cultivar) of rapeseed Soybean Accounts for about half of worldwide edible oil production Sunflower seed A common cooking oil, also used to make biodiesel, and medicine
  5. 5. Canola oil Olive oil Soybean oil Palm oil
  6. 6. Coconut oil
  7. 7. Cold Pressed or Cold Expeller Pressed Expeller Pressed Solvent Extracted CO2 Extracted Infusion/Macerate RBD  Refined  Bleached  Deodorized
  8. 8. Pressed oils Solvent extraction
  9. 9. Pressed oils or Expeller Pressed  This is where the seeds, nuts and other botanical sources of the oil are pressed under very high pressure to produce the oil. Depending on the pressure used, the oil produced will be of varying grades.
  10. 10.      &tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1040&bih=591&q=oil+pre ss+machine&oq=oil+press+machine&gs_l=img.3...4107 3.50898.0.51468. 2.10.0...0.0...1ac.1.17.img.X6KaHql6pdk 
  11. 11. HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH + RCO2H + R'CO2H + R''CO2H → RCO2CH2CH(O2CR')CH2CO2 R'' + 3H2O BACK
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