GM: Inevitable or Contemptible?

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On February 28th 2013 members of the Footprint Forum met to debate the topic of GM and frame the issue in the context of sustainability and sustainable supply chains.

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GM: Inevitable or Contemptible?

  1. 1. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business GM: CONTEMPTIBLE OR INEVITABLE? 28th FEBRUARY 2013
  2. 2. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  3. 3. Barbara J. Stephenson Deputy Chief of Mission ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  4. 4. Jim Neel Economic Officer, U.S. State Department ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  5. 5. Nick Fenwicke-Clennell CEO ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  6. 6. Jack A. Bobo Senior Advisor for Biotechnology ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  7. 7. AGRICULTURE   before  it  DESTROYS  it?   save  the  planet… Can  
  8. 8. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State The size of South America and Africa More than 40% of earth’s land has been cleared for agriculture
  9. 9. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State 70 percent of fresh water used in agriculture
  10. 10. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Virtual Water Trade
  11. 11. 70% of fresh water used for agriculture Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Aral  Sea   1973   Aral  Sea   Today  
  12. 12. Like  the  Colorado   River,  which  no   longer  flows  to   the  ocean   Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Rivers and lakes are running dry
  13. 13. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Agriculture and deforestation together generate about 30% of greenhouse gas emissions Agriculture is among the biggest contributors to climate change
  14. 14. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Together,  these  represent  more  emissions   than  from  nearly  any  other  industry  
  15. 15. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State 20509 billion Global  Population  Growth   5 1990 7 billion 2010 20308 billion
  16. 16. That’s   About  the  number  of  people  in  Germany   75  million   more  people  each  year   Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  17. 17. We  all  need  to  eat   Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  18. 18. And  yet  almost1  billion    don’t  have  enough  food  today     Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  19. 19. And  yet  almost1  billion    don’t  have  enough  food  today     Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs310/en/index.html
  20. 20. 60%  more  food  by  2050,  using…   Less land Less water Less fertilizer Fewer pesticides Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  21. 21. According  to  the  UN  Food  and  Agriculture  OrganizaDon   Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State How                                  is  the  challenge  ?   the  world  needs  to  produce  more  food  between  2000  and  2050   10,000  years   than was  produced  during  the  previous   big  
  22. 22. Can organic agriculture get us where we need to be? Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State 15-20% growth 35 million hectares today Global  Agricultural  Land   Global Organic Land 0.9 % of total agricultural land
  23. 23. Organic Average Conventional Average Source: Nature, 2012 Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Can organic agriculture get us where we need to be? 34 % lower yields under most conditions Organic production 66% conventional yield
  24. 24. Competing World Views Slow  Food   Fast  Food   Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  25. 25. Different Voices     Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  26. 26. Different Choices Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Brazil  2019  
  27. 27. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  28. 28. What the future looks like Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  29. 29. Global Trade Source: Washington Post Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  30. 30. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Europe’s Food Footprint An Area the Size of Germany
  31. 31. We Need Technology Source: USDA/ERS Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Wheat Production Plateaus
  32. 32. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Sustainably Applied
  33. 33. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State What do they have in common?
  34. 34. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State What do they have in common?
  35. 35. Right to Save Seed? Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Farmers choose seedless and hybrid varieties over saved seed when it makes economic sense
  36. 36. How do you get a seedless watermelon? Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Two sets of chromosomes Treat seeds with toxic chemical (colchicine) Four sets of chromosomes Three sets of chromosomes X   =   Sterile seedless melon
  37. 37. Mutagenesis Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State According to the FAO/IAEA Mutant Variety Database, there are 3218 varieties released officially or commercially around the world.
  38. 38. Risk Spectrum Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Source: National Academy of Sciences
  39. 39. What do they have in common? Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State None  of  these   products  would  be   approved  today  if  held   to  the  same  standard   as  biotechnology  
  40. 40. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Global Status of GE Crops
  41. 41. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State
  42. 42. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Why are farmers adopting biotech crops?
  43. 43. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Why are farmers adopting biotech crops? Improved Yields Fewer Pesticides Reduced Greenhouse Gases Improved Nutrition Less Soil Erosion Less Water 5% Increase in corn yields – U.S. 24% Increase – Philippines 10% Increase in cotton yields – U.S. 55% Increase – India 19.3 billion kg of carbon dioxide savings in 2010 443 million kg of active ingredients since 1996 (9% reduction) Reduced tillage saves top soil Low till and no till reduces evaporation Drought tolerance
  44. 44. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State “Only when the best technology is combined with the best agricultural practices will we achieve truly sustainable agriculture.”
  45. 45. Jack A. Bobo | Senior Advisor for Biotechnology | U.S. Department of State Jack  A.  Bobo,  JD,  MS   Chief,  Biotechnology  and  Tex4le  Trade  Policy  Division   Senior  Advisor  for  Biotechnology   202-­‐647-­‐1647   boboja@state.gov  
  46. 46. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  47. 47. Professor Ian Crute CBE Chief Scientist ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  48. 48. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  49. 49. the panel.. Charles Bourns Farmer, Member of the National Farmer's Union Poultry Board and President of the EU Commission's Egg and Poultry Advisory Group Dr Sandy Lawrie Head of Novel Foods, Food Standards Agency Andy Milner Procurement and Supply Chain Director, Westbury Street Holdings Nicole Patterson Principal Analyst, Leatherhead Food Research Paul Rooke Head of Policy, External Relations, Agriculture Industries Confederation Moderator: Adam Taub ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  50. 50. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  51. 51. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business

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