Role of Women in the Global Scenario


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Role of Women in the Global Scenario

  1. 1. Role of Women in theGlobal Scenario
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The empowerment of women refers to providing the necessary rights andresponsibilities to women in order to make them self-reliant. Traditionally, Indian women have been brought to become workers or servantsto serve the man – dominating world. Empowerment is the process of building capacities of women, creating anatmosphere which will enable people to fully utilize their creative potentials. Empowerment gives women, the capacity to influence decision making process,planning, implementation and evaluation. Gender gap exists regarding access to education and employment. Household decision-making power and freedom of movement of women varyconsiderably with their age, education and employment status.
  3. 3. Role of women in the currentscenario
  4. 4. Atrocities on women Male violence against women is a worldwide phenomenon. Although not every woman has experienced it, and many expect not to, fearof violence is an important factor in the lives of most women. It determines what they do, when they do it, where they do it, and withwhom. Fear of violence is a cause of womens lack of participation in activitiesbeyond the home, as well as inside it.
  5. 5. Brutalities- A Statistical Chronicle Another danger in India is that, Indian law does not differentiate betweenmajor and minor rape. In every ten-rape case, six are of minor girls. In every seven minutes acrime is committed against women in India. Every 26 minutes a woman is molested. Every 34 minutes a rape takes place. Every 42 minutes a sexualharassment incident occurs. Every 43 minutes a woman is kidnapped. And every 93 minutes a woman isburnt to death over dowry. One-quarter of the reported rapes involve girls under the age of 16 but thevast majority are never reported. Although the penalty is severe, convictions are rare.
  6. 6. Measures of women protection
  7. 7. Women in the filed of Agriculture The women are the backbone of agricultural workforcebut worldwide her hard work has mostly been unpaid. She does the most tedious and back-breaking tasks inagriculture, animal husbandry and homes. The research efforts at the ICAR institutes have been triedto relieve her of the drudgery by providing time andlabour saving tools. Her enlightenment will change the face of rural India. Several programmes started at the National Centre forWomen in Agriculture and Krishi Vigyan Kendras, are theright steps in this direction.
  8. 8. Women Empowerment In India –Milestones & Challenges Empowerment is now increasingly seen as a process by which the oneswithout power gain greater control over their lives. This means control over material assets, intellectual resources andideology. It involves power to, power with and power within. Some define empowerment as a process of awareness andconscientization, of capacity building leading to greater participation,effective decision-making power and control leading to transformativeaction. This involves ability to get what one wants and to influence others onour concerns. With reference to women the power relation that has to be involvedincludes their lives at multiple levels, family, community, market andthe state.
  9. 9. The Cairo Conference-Women’sParticipation in Society Importantly it involves at the psychological level womens ability to assert themselves and thisis constructed by the gender roles assigned to her specially in a cultural which resists changelike India. The questions surrounding womens empowerment the condition and position of women havenow become critical to the human rights based approaches to development. The Cairo conference in 1994 organized by UN on Population and Development called attentionto womens empowerment as a central focus and UNDP developed the Gender Empowermentmeasure (GEM) which focuses on the three variables that reflect womens participation insociety – political power or decision-making, education and health. 1995 UNDP report was devoted to womens empowerment and it declared that if humandevelopment is not engendered it is endangered a declaration which almost become a leimotif for further development measuring and policy planning. Equality, sustainability and empowerment were emphasized and the stress was, that womensemancipation does not depend on national income but is an engaged political process.
  10. 10. CONCLUSION "When women move forward the family moves, the village moves andthe nation moves". It is essential as their thought & their value systems lead thedevelopment of a good family, good society & ultimately a goodnation". Indian government has taken several steps towards empoweringwomen. Empowerment of women also requires participation and co-operationof men as they benefit by having educated mothers, wives, daughtersand sisters. The economic empowerment will allow raising womens self awareness,skill development, creative decision making and it may also lead toproduce better citizens and a new and modern India.