Electrifying Rural India - A novel approach of using the Rice Husk to generate Electricity
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Electrifying Rural India - A novel approach of using the Rice Husk to generate Electricity

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Electrifying Rural India - A novel approach of using the Rice Husk to generate Electricity Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Are u an engineer or an innovator????
  • 2. Let’s see now
  • 3. Engineer uses the potential sources available to him toobtain the output
  • 4. An Innovator thinks In different dimensions to createnew output which changes our way of Life
  • 5. A successful Innovator is one who searches for thealternative solutions using the resources available tohim and which are essential part of society
  • 6. So if u want to be a successful innovator createtechnologies using the things which are essentialparts of human life.
  • 7. ELECTRIFYING RURAL INDIAA NOVEL APPROACH OF USING THE RICE HUSKTO GENERATE ELECTRICITYByG .J a w a h a rA .N a v e e n R e d d yP .N i k h i l
  • 8. IntroductionRice MillsBarriersImplementationRecommendationsConclusionAcknowledgementsContents
  • 9. • Why produce energy from rice straw?• Energy demand is increasing!• Potential energy production from rice straw!!• Potential environmental savings!!!• Related to straw: combustion of rice husk• Most successful rice waste product used: Rice Husk.• Why?• Material is already collected in one site (rice mill).• Composition is somewhat more benign than rice straw.• Rice husk ash = marketable product, depending onoperating conditions.INTRODUCTION
  • 10. Emerging trend• Good potential for high pressure boilers and efficientturbines• Excess power exported to grid• Separate isolated plants generating only power is alsopopularEnergy situation• Only few plants implemented so far• Revenue from ash sales• Rice husk plants are also fired with wood waste and bagasse• Dumping or open burning is commonRICE MILLS
  • 11. • Technical• Human• Information• OrganizationBARRIERS
  • 12. `
  • 13. To implement the plan of Electrifying Rural areas, we havegot the following points to be decided about thetechnology we are going to use.Traits of the Technology:• Has to be non-conventional• Solar energy is expensive– Approx. Rs. 400 / W for installation– Wind energy is not amply available• Hydel power is not feasible– High cost of establishment– Distance from the water bodies– Biomass energy is practically the only available optionIMPLEMENTATION
  • 14. The cost of establishment and the operatingexpenses seem to be lucrative unless and until westep into it. So we would give a brief Outline of theexpenditure and other expenses of HUSKPOWERorganization located in Bihar which has startedelectrifying rural areas of Bihar.THE COST OF IMPLEMENTATION OFRICE HUSK GASIFICATION PLANT
  • 15. Operating Expenses:Approx. 50 kg Rice-husk / hourOne LPG cylinder per 4 startsPersonnelMisc. expenses on maintenance of the systemCost of establishmentElectric CableTransportationCivil WorkPiping etcSite visits etcGeneratorGasifier
  • 16. Power supply for 6 hrs in the eveningPre-paid power at the rate of Rs. 30 per 15-20 W CFL forhouseholds and Rs. 40 per 15-20 W CFL for businessesOnly CFL allowed for lightingTotal 300 connectionsAvg. less than 2 CFL per connectionApprox. Rs. 50 per connectionApprox. 65 A electricity usage at 210-220V (As read at theplant)Approx. 15% distribution lossPower Distribution
  • 17. MAJOR PROBLEM DURING IMPLEMENTATIONRice husk at ~90p per kgRs. 0.9 * 50 * 6 * 30 per monthHad planned it at 50p per kgLPG cylinders are expensiveCan’t procure enough from the LPG dealers at thecontrolled pricesRs 500 per cylinder in the black marketRs. 500 * 10 per monthPower Distribution – Economics
  • 18. SolutionGenerate own rice-huskRemove the LPGRemoving the need for LPGStore the Producer Gas for usage during the next startStorage at ~200 psiLess than 10% leakage in 24 hoursAdds Rs 10,000 to the costExpenditureRice huskLPG cylindersHuman ResourcesIncidentals /maintenance + LandRentCollection of only Rs. 15,000 per month
  • 19. In this way a social welfare organization has provedthat it could gear up its will to electrify the Nation. Sothere will not be much financial hiatus in this case andit is the prosperous source in Rice rich countries likeours.ExpenditureRice huskHumanResourcesIncidentals /maintenance +Land RentTotal Investment ~Rs. 10,45,000Total Expense ~Rs. 12500 per month
  • 20. Investigate feasibility of:Decentralized energy production from rice strawUse rice straw near the source.Use rice straw for other agricultural operations:cooling/freezing houseCouple energy production with local industryExplore Opportunities for CDM projects (carbon credits)Assess markets outside India:Growing international market for biomass fuels!Here, ash composition will remain a concern.Recommendations
  • 21. Many technologies are available for producingelectricity and heat from rice straw.Up to now, potential of rice straw has not beenrealized.This is in contrast with energy applications from ricehusks, which in general are quite successful.Major challenges that are encountered with straw:Technological: rice straw compositionOrganizational: logistics of straw collectionEconomics: cost of straw versus revenueCONCLUSIONS
  • 22. We are deeply indebted to Mr.Gyanesh PandeyEntrepreneur, “Husk Power” organization, andInitiator of Samatha Samridhi Foundation, Bihar.Our Special thanks are due to Dr. K. Madhavi, Head,Dept. of English &Humanities for her guidance andinspiration in concretizing this paper.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • 23. [1] www.in-bihar-turning-rice-husk-into-electricity-78639.html.[2] Rice straw for Electricity & Heat Production-RobertBakker.[3] Samatha Samridhi Foundation.[4] Husk Power website.REFERENCES